Transcription profiling of Trichoderma reesei QM6a to assess the cellular effects of expression of misfolded CBHI molecules
ABSTRACT: Cultures were grown at 28 oC for 48 h on a shaker at 250 rpm. MG132 (60 ﾵM, final concentration) in phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) was added after 46 h or PMSF was added alone to the cultures without MG132. Following sample collection, mycelia were washed with 0.9 % (w/v) NaCl in RNAse-free (diethyl pyrocarbonite [DEPC]-treated) water, frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored at -80 oC.
Project description:Population dynamics of methanogenic genera was investigated in pilot anaerobic digesters. Cattle manure and two-phase olive mill wastes were codigested at a 3:1 ratio in two reactors operated at 37 ﾰC and 55 ﾰC. Other two reactors were run with either residue at 37 ﾰC. Sludge DNA extracted from samples taken from all four reactors on days 4, 14 and 28 of digestion was used for hybridisation with the AnaeroChip, an oligonucleotide microarray targeting those groups of methanogenic archaea that are commonly found under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions (Franke-Whittle et al. 2009, in press, doi:10.1016/j.mimet.2009.09.017).
Project description:Exploration of transcriptome expression in 5 control and 4 familial dysautonomia (FD) human olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells (hOE-MSCs) at very early (P1 and P2) and later (P5 and P9) cell passages.
Project description:Transcription profiling of Physcomitrella patens Reute strain gametophore, mature sporophyte and spore stage. These samples are part of an large-scale expression data set for the model moss Physcomitrella patens.
Project description:In dairy ruminants transcriptome profiling has enabled the identification of genes, pathways and regulatory networks activated in mammary tissues during experimental infection by various pathogens, including E. coli, S. aureus and S. uberis. Information in goats are still low and many host-pathogen interaction mechanisms have to be explained. The objectives of the present study were (1) to identify the network of genes that becomes activated in caprine blood and milk somatic cells in early response towards a S. aureus challenge in order to better understand the local and sistemic response and (2) to search any difference in this immune response by using two animal groups belonging to a caprine reference family established based on founders with adverse SCC breeding values. Udders from ten healthy French Alpine goats were infected with S. aureus and samples of blood and milk cells were collected at 0, 24 and 30 hours after infection. Alterations in the transcriptome profile were investigated using a custom bovine DNA microarray containing 43.822 unique gene probes.
Project description:We studied the global transcription profiling of mouse upon colonization with Bifidobacterium bifidum PRL2010 by using DNA microarrays. Two groups of mice consisting each of two animals were orally inoculated with either 109 CFU of PRL2010 cells (test strain) or water (control). Animals were 3 months old female BALB/c mice. Bacterial colonization was established by five consecutive daily administrations using a micropipette tip placed immediately behind the incisors.
Project description:In this study, we investigated the transcriptome of Bifidobacterium bifidum PRL2010 during in vitro growth by micro array technology. When B. bifidum PRL2010 was grown in liquid broth, 425 of the 1644 PRL2010 genes represented on the array were expressed in at least one of the three investigated growth phases, i.e., lag-, exponential and stationary phase. These transcriptional analyses identified a core in vitro transcriptome encompassing 150 genes, which resulted expressed in all phases. A proportion of the latter genes were further investigated as potential reference genes by Quantitative Real Time PCR (qRT-PCR) assays. Their expression stability was evaluated under different growth conditions, encompassing cultivation on different carbon sources, exposure to environmental stresses (thermal, acidic and osmotic) and growth phases. Our analyses validated six reference genes suitable for normalizing mRNA expression levels in qRT-PCR experiments applied to bifidobacteria. Transcriptional profiling of B.bifidum PRL2010 at different growth phases (lag phase, early exponential phase, late exponential phase, early stationary phase).
Project description:The aim of the study was to use microarray for profiling the microbiota in anaerobic digestion process. The probes are ssDNA molecules that are ligated into circular molecules if a complementary target sequence is present in the sample DNA. Ligated probes are PCR amplified with a labeled primer, and the amplicons are hybridized on DNA microarray by tag sequences.
Project description:The aim of this study was to compare the tomato global transcriptional profiles in response to host attack by ToMV and Fol in order to identify genomic differences and similarities in incompatible interactions between a foliar and a vascular pathogen. In order to identify a set of genes of interest in tomato plants infected with F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) and Tomato Mosaic Virus (ToMV) a transcriptional analysis was performed. Tomato genes differentially expressed upon inoculation with Fol and ToMV were identified at 2 days post-inoculation, using an un-inoculated sample as reference.
Project description:Bifidobacteria represents one of the dominant group of microorganisms colonizing the intestine of infants. However, the genetic determinants supporting the establishment and the interaction with the human hosts are still largely unknown. Most commensal bacteria interacting with eukaryotic hosts express adhesive molecules on their surfaces that modulate interaction with host cell receptors or with soluble macromolecules. Whole genome transcription profiling of B. bifidum PRL2010, a strain isolated from infant stool, under in vitro as well as in vivo conditions revealed the expression of few common extracellular proteins among which type 1 pili encoding genes. To investigate the molecular mechanisms sustaining the interaction of PRL2010 strain with the human gut, we first explored the global genome transcription profiling of this strain in a in vitro human model such as in the presence of HT29 cell lines. The transcriptome was analyzed using a custom B. bifidum PRL2010 array representing the 90% of this organism’s protein coding genes. To better evaluate the conserved responses by B. bifidum, the in vivo transcriptomes were quantified against a diverse set of transcriptome patterns identified for in vitro laboratory cultures of the strain, i.e., B. bifidum responses after growth on an cell’s monolayers growth medium (DMEM); B.bifidum responses after growth on synthetic medium (MRS). Briefly, we analized five conditions, two of which are also used as references. Every experiment was performed in duplicate and in vivo condition was performed in quadruplicate.