Project description:The effect of epithelial cell-bacterial interaction on gene transcription in the epithelial cells and bacterial cells in vitro. The transcriptional response elicited by the UCC118 sortase deletion mutant will be compared to that of the wild type UCC118.
Project description:Whole genome microarray comparisons (comparative genomic hybridizations) were used to associate genotypic biomarkers among 15 Bifidobacterium longum strains exhibiting various Human Milk Oligosaccharide utilization phenotypes and host associations.
Project description:Clinical treatment protocols for infertility with in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) provide a unique opportunity to assess the human vaginal microbiome in defined hormonal milieu. Herein, we have investigated the association of circulating ovarian-derived estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) concentrations to the vaginal microbiome. Thirty IVF-ET patients were enrolled in this study, after informed consent. Blood was drawn at four time points during the IVF-ET procedure. In addition, if a pregnancy resulted, blood was drawn at 4-to-6 weeks of gestation. The serum concentrations of E2 and P4 were measured. Vaginal swabs were obtained in different hormonal milieu. Two independent genome-based technologies (and the second assayed in two different ways) were employed to identify the vaginal microbes. The vaginal microbiome underwent a transition with a decrease in E2 (and/or a decrease in P4). Novel bacteria were found in the vagina of 33% of the women undergoing IVF-ET. Our approach has enabled the discovery of novel, previously unidentified bacterial species in the human vagina in different hormonal milieu. While the relationship of hormone concentration and vaginal microbes was found to be complex, the data support a shift in the microbiome of the human vagina during IVF-ET therapy using standard protocols. The data also set the foundation for further studies examining correlations between IVF-ET outcome and the vaginal microbiome within a larger study population.
Project description:The effect for cell differentiation of phosphorylation of TIF1beta (S824) on the regulation of pluripotency in mouse ES cells was then evaluated. Single amino acid mutagenesis was performed from serine 824 to aspartic acid (SD) or alanine (SA) to mimic phosphorylated or non-phosphorylated versions of TIF1beta, respectively.