BACKGROUND: Metastatic melanoma is a highly aggressive skin cancer and currently resistant to systemic therapy. Melanomas may involve genetic, epigenetic and metabolic abnormalities. Evidence is emerging that epigenetic changes might play a significant role in tumor cell plasticity and metastatic phenotype of melanoma cells. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this study, we developed a systematic approach to identify genes implicated in melanoma progression. To do this, we used the Affymetrix GeneChip Array ...[more]
Project description:Gene expression profiling in human gastric cancer cells after 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR) and 4-phenylbutyric acid (PBA) treatment was analyzed to investigate what genes are controlled by these chromatin modifying drug
Project description:microRNA expression profiling in gastric cancer cells after 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-Aza-CdR) and 4-phenylbutyric acid (PBA) treatment was performed to investigate whether microRNA expression is controlled by these chromatin modifying drugs.
Project description:Exploration of transcriptome expression in 5 control and 4 familial dysautonomia (FD) human olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells (hOE-MSCs) at very early (P1 and P2) and later (P5 and P9) cell passages.
Project description:Efficient processing of target antigens by the ubiquitin-proteasome-system (UPS) is essential for treatment of cancers by T cell therapies. However, immune escape due to impaired expression of IFN-γ-inducible components of the antigen presentation machinery and consequent inefficient processing of HLA-dependent tumor epitopes can be one important reason for failure of such therapies. Here, we show that repeated short-term co-cultures of Melan-A/MART-1 tumor antigen-expressing melanoma cells with Melan-A/MART-1 (26-35)-specific CTL led to the generation of clones resistant to CTL-mediated cell death. To determine which of the UPS components and its associated pathways was responsible for CTL escape; three UKRV-Mel-15a clones were subjected to microarray gene expression analysis. Three UKRV-Mel-15a-derived melanoma clones were isolated following three repeated short-term exposures to Melan-A/MART (26-35) CTL and harvested for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Human papillomavirus infection is the cause of essentially all cases of cervical premalignant lesions and cervical cancer. Primary screening using HPV DNA testing with cytology triage has been shown to be more sensitive and, importantly, more specific than conventional testing based on cytology among women more than 35 years of age. <br><br><br><br>The aim of the experiment was to evaluate a HPV genotyping microarray method using patient sample DNA. HPV genotyping is based on multiplex PCR (PGMY-t primers) followed by ligation step where two probes are ligated together if a matching template is present in the mixture. The ligated probes are then detected on microarray.
Project description:<br><br>Annual heart allograft failure in humans rates about 3-5%. The main reason after the first postoperative year is chronic rejection. Myointimal hyperplasia, the hellmark of chronic rejection, results in a specific type of ischemic heart disease. The lack of angina pectoris symptoms allow ventricular arrythmias, sudden cardiac death or heart failure to occur without warning. In addition, diagnostic tools such as endomyocardial biopsy, coronary angiography or intracoronary ultrasound fail to predict the individual risk for myocardial dysfunction.<br><br>The mechanisms responsible for chronic rejection are predominantly alloimmune mediated with activated T cells, macrophages, B cell mediated antibody formation and secreted cytokines responding to HLA and other endothelial cell antigens. In addition, non immunologic risk factors such as recipient age, metabolic factors, hypertension and ischemia contribute to development of this disease. Previous studies have demonstrated that ischemia has a profound influence on short term allograft survival but the underlaying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Apoptosis seems to play a crucial role in ischemia/reperfusion injury and several mechanisms for programmed cell death have been described. However, consequences on long term cell function of viability have not been investigated. <br><br>The aim of this study was to investigate the implication and the mechanism of prolonged cold organ storage as a non immunologic risk factor in the pathogenesis of chronic rejection in a cardiac allograft model. <br><br>We aimed for answering the following specific questions:<br><br>How does cold ischemia affect the alloimmue response short and long term? <br><br>How does prolonged cold ischemia affect gene expression at later time points after transplantation? <br><br>Does it influence gene expression during chronic rejection?<br><br><br><br>
Project description:miRNA expression profiling in human cancer cells after 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine and 4-phenylbutyric acid treatment to investigate whether microRNA expression is controlled by these chromatin modifying drugs.
Project description:Four independent pools of zebrafish embryo were injected with prp2 morphants and after 24 hours post fertilization, gene expression profiles were compared to their respective controls, using microarray. A dye swap design experiment using four microarray slides were conducted.