<h4>Background</h4>Changes in cellular phenotype result from underlying changes in mRNA transcription and translation. Endothelin-1 stimulates cardiomyocyte hypertrophy with associated changes in mRNA/protein expression and an increase in the rate of protein synthesis. Insulin also increases the rate of translation but does not promote overt cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. One mechanism of translational regulation is through 5' terminal oligopyrimidine tracts (TOPs) that, in response to growth stimul ...[more]
Project description:Exploration of transcriptome expression in 5 control and 4 familial dysautonomia (FD) human olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells (hOE-MSCs) at very early (P1 and P2) and later (P5 and P9) cell passages.
Project description:Population dynamics of methanogenic genera was investigated in pilot anaerobic digesters. Cattle manure and two-phase olive mill wastes were codigested at a 3:1 ratio in two reactors operated at 37 ﾰC and 55 ﾰC. Other two reactors were run with either residue at 37 ﾰC. Sludge DNA extracted from samples taken from all four reactors on days 4, 14 and 28 of digestion was used for hybridisation with the AnaeroChip, an oligonucleotide microarray targeting those groups of methanogenic archaea that are commonly found under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions (Franke-Whittle et al. 2009, in press, doi:10.1016/j.mimet.2009.09.017).
Project description:This experiment investigates the effect of mild cold-shock (32 degrees C, 24 hours) on the translatome of human HEK293 cells. After cold-shock, cells were treated with cycloheximide to block elongation, then sucrose density gradients were used to separate post-nuclear extracts into polysome and subpolysome fractions. The pooled polysomal fraction was labelled with Cy5, the pooled subpolysomal fraction was labelled with Cy3, and both were hybridised to the same array.
Project description:Transcription profiling of Physcomitrella patens Reute strain gametophore, mature sporophyte and spore stage. These samples are part of an large-scale expression data set for the model moss Physcomitrella patens.
Project description:The aim of the study was to use microarray for profiling the microbiota in anaerobic digestion process. The probes are ssDNA molecules that are ligated into circular molecules if a complementary target sequence is present in the sample DNA. Ligated probes are PCR amplified with a labeled primer, and the amplicons are hybridized on DNA microarray by tag sequences.
Project description:tRNAs are transcribed and partially processed in the nucleus before they are exported to the cytoplasm where they have an essential role in protein synthesis. Surprisingly, mature cytoplasmic tRNAs shuttle between nucleus and cytoplasm and its distribution is nutrient-dependent. At least three members of β-importin family, Los1, Mtr10, and Msn5, function in tRNA nuclear-cytoplasmic intracellular movement. To test the hypothesis that the tRNA retrograde pathway regulates translation of particular transcripts We compared individual translation activity index (P/NP), obtained from the ratio of polysome-associated (P) to not associated (non-polysomal, NP) mRNAs, in the msn5Δ, mtr10Δ, and wild-type cells under fed or acute amino acid depletion conditions Polysome associated (P), not associated (non-polysomal, NP), and total (T) RNAs were isolated from yeast cells, including wild-type (BY4742), msn5 deletion, mtr10 deletion, grown in fed and 30-min amino acid starvation conditions