Mammals have two principal types of fat. White adipose tissue primarily serves to store extra energy as triglycerides, whereas brown adipose tissue is specialized to burn lipids for heat generation and energy expenditure as a defence against cold and obesity. Recent studies have demonstrated that brown adipocytes arise in vivo from a Myf5-positive, myoblastic progenitor by the action of Prdm16 (PR domain containing 16). Here, we identified a brown-fat-enriched miRNA cluster, MiR-193b-365, as a k ...[more]
Project description:Liver samples were collected from zebrafish females (3 months old). Vitellogenic females were maintained under conditions of 14 h light: 10 h dark. Non-vitellogenic females were obtained by exposing females to 6 h light/18 h dark regime.
Project description:C57BL/6 mice were infected with H.pylori. After 48 weeks of infection, microRNA expression profile was analyzed between the stomach of H.pylori infected mice and that of control mice.
Project description:Toll-like receptor (TLR) signalling activation by pathogens is critical to the induction of immune responses, and demands tight regulation. Chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) secretion triggered by TLR4 or TLR8 engagement is strongly inhibited upon simultaneous activation of both TLRs in human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MD-DC). Impaired CCL2 secretion occurs concomitantly to IL-12 up-regulation, being part of a complex regulatory circuit ensuring optimal Th type 1 polarization. Interestingly, triggering selected TLRs or their combinations differently affects nuclear factor-kB p65 activation and microRNA expression. To investigate in details such different modulation we performed a microarray profiling of MD-DCs stimulated by different TLRs agonist or their combination in three different donors. We found that CCL2 supplies an important immunomodulatory role to DCs, and may contribute to dictate the cytokine profile in Th type 1 responses induced by DCs.
Project description:To investigate whether and what miRNAs expression might be regulated by VSV (vesicular stomatitis virus?) challenge, we analyzed the miRNA expression profile of mouse primary peritoneal macrophages infected with VSV by using an array-based miRNA profiling. After the infection of VSV at MOI 10 for 48 h, the array revealed that many miRNAs were up-regulated in macrophages?