Transcription profiling by array of human osteosarcoma cell lines with phorbol myristate acetate exposure and FOXK2 depletion by siRNA
ABSTRACT: Expression profiling was done of exposure to phorbol myristate acetate -PMA and FOXK2 depletion by siRNA transfection. This was done on the human osteosarcoma U2OS cell line which stably expresses FOXK2. PMA is an inducer of AP1 activity.
The transcriptional control circuitry in eukaryotic cells is complex and is orchestrated by combinatorially acting transcription factors. Forkhead transcription factors often function in concert with heterotypic transcription factors to specify distinct transcriptional programs. Here, we demonstrate that FOXK2 participates in combinatorial transcriptional control with the AP-1 transcription factor. FOXK2 binding regions are widespread throughout the genome and are often coassociated with AP-1 bi ...[more]
Project description:Chromatin immunoprecipitation of FOXK2 (tagged with Flag and His tags) in U2OS cells detected by SOLiD sequencing. ***Correction March 2014: The sample “FOXK2_Dox_treated” has been renamed, it was originally named “FOXK2_rep2”. A new sample “FOXK2_rep2” has been added, with new files. It has come to our attention that one of the FOXK2 ChIP-seq replicates 'FOXK2_rep2' that we used in our paper recent paper (Ji, Z., Donaldson, I.J., Liu, J., Hayes, A., Zeef, L.A.H. and Sharrocks, A.D. (2012) The forkhead transcription factor FOXK2 promotes AP-1-mediated transcriptional regulation. Mol. Cell. Biol. 32, 385-398. doi:10.1128/MCB.05504-11) was incorrect. The replicate was actually treated with doxorubicin prior to ChIP-seq analysis resulting in the loss of many FOXK2 binding events.***
Project description:We analysed the capacity of THP-1 cells (differentiated to macrophagoid cells) to recognize RNA sequences via pattern recognition receptors in vitro. Gene expression was analysed by RNA-Microarray. Cytokine production was analysed by ELISA assays. We used microarrays to investigate differential gene expression in THP-1 cell line undifferentiated in comparison with 3 days or 8 days differentiated with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Microarray analysis revealed differential gene expression patterns of THP-1 when differentiated. THP-1 cells, undifferentiated, 3 days PMA-differentiated and 8 days PMA-differentiated
Project description:Clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is one of the most common urological malignant neoplasms. In addition, ccRCC is a highly aggressive cancer with a concomitant poor prognosis. Forkhead box K2 (FOXK2) has been reported to involve in many molecular mechanisms.However, little is known about the role FOXK2 plays in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma. Our previous study showed that FOXK2 mRNA and protein expression were decreased in human ccRCC tissues and suppressed the proliferation of ccRCC cells both in vitro and in vivo. We used microarrays (Affymetrix HTA2.0 Array) to detail the differentially expressed genes after overexpression of FOXK2, and aim to find potential one or more target gene/genes of FOXK2 Overall design: We conducted the genome-wide transcriptome profiling of human ccRCC cell line 769-P after transfection with pLV-EGFP-FOXK2 (overexpression of FOXK2) and plv-EGFP empty vector (control)
Project description:The phagocytosis of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) by monocyte-derived macrophages and the subsequent differentiation of macrophages into foam cells are the key steps in atherogenesis. Our study provides a potential new therapeutic strategy to alleviate oxLDL accumulation and foam cell formation. Overall design: The THP-1 were pretreated with 100 nM PMA for 48 h, stimulated with oxLDL (50 mg/ml) for 24h and then collected for detection.The cells in control group were only treated with PMA for 48h. Three independent experiments were performed at each group.
Project description:Background: In the last decade, much attention has been drawn to probiotic bacteria in the context of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), since the potential of certain strains to attenuate inflammation was demonstrated in several animal experiments and clinical studies. Data in humans elucidating the molecular mechanism of probiotic action are still scarce. To this end, we used an organ culture system of human colon mucosa and investigated the gene expression profiles after treatment with different probiotic bacteria in phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)/ionomycin (IO)) stimulated samples using whole genome microarrays. Moreover, we analyzed changes occurring in the intestinal explants cultured for 8 hours when compared to fresh, directly frozen mucosa, in order to infer the suitability of the system to study an inflammatory stimulus and likely antiinflammatory responses. Results: Culturing intestinal colon fragments during 8 hours elicited differential gene expression in 283 genes, 229 upregulated and 54 downregulated. Upregulated genes were predominantly related to apoptosis, whereas downregulated genes encoded mitochondrial proteins. No specific enrichment of genes related to inflammation or immune response could be detected, confirming the suitability of the system to further study the inmunomodulatory/anti-inflammatory properties of Lactobacillus casei BL23 (BL23), L.plantarum 299v (LP299v) and L.plantarum 299v (A-) (LP299v (A-)), a mutant strain with reduced adhesive properties to enterocytes. Intestinal explants were stimulated with PMA/IO for 3 hours and subsequently incubated with probiotic bacteria for 4 h. ANOVA analysis (p ≤ 0,01) revealed 205 differentially expressed genes between Control, PMA/IO (Inflamed), and the 3 bacterial treatments. Most importantly, a number of PMA/IO induced genes related to immune response and immune system process such as IL-2, IFN-γ, IL17A and pro-inflammatory cytokines CXCL9 and CXCL11 were downregulated by BL23, LP299v and LP299v (A-). The behaviour of the three Lactobacillus strains was quite similar, although their presence induced differential expression of a small number of genes in a strain dependent manner. Conclusion: The human colon organ culture was found to be a suitable model for the study of inflammatory/anti-inflammatory stimuli, and therefore it constitutes a valuable tool to determine the inmunomodulatory effect of probiotic bacteria. The global transcriptional profile evoked by strains BL23, LP299v and LP299v (A-) in artificially inflamed tissue indicated a clear homeostasis restoring effect, including a decrease of the signals produced by activated T cells. Macroscopically healthy colonic intestinal tissue was obtained at surgery from 3 patients. Intestinal explants were treated with PMA and ionomycin for 3 h to induce pro-inflammatory conditions. Then, culture medium was changed and replaced with either medium or medium containing either Lactobacillus casei BL23, Lactobacillus plantarum 299v, or a nonadherent mutant of L. plantarum 299v (A-) and incubated for further 4 hours. In parallel, control intestinal explants were cultured without any treatment of PMA/ionomycin or probiotic bacteria and compared to directly frozen tissue in order to evaluate changes in gene expression which are due solely to the culture conditions.