The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has developed several mechanisms to avoid either the drastic consequences of iron deprivation or the toxic effects of iron excess. In this work, we analysed the global gene expression changes occurring in yeast cells undergoing iron overload. Several genes directly or indirectly involved in iron homeostasis showed altered expression and the relevance of these changes are discussed. Microarray analyses were also performed to identify new targets of the i ...[more]
Project description:We have established Drosophila melanogaster as a model system for ocular hypertension by expressing wild-type human myocilin (MYOC) in the Drosophila eye. Here, we have created transgenic flies that express four clinically relevant mutant forms of MYOC (R342K, Q368X, D380N and K423E) in their eyes using the gmr-Gal4/UAS binary system. We compare and identify human glaucoma candidate genes based on the transcription profiles of flies that express wt-MYOC or mutant-MYOCs.
Project description:Gene transcription in a set of 49 human primary lung adenocarcinomas and 9 normal lung tissue samples was examined using Affymetrix GeneChip technology. We aimed to investigate differential gene expression between the two tissue types. A total of 3,442 genes, called the set MAD, were found to be either up- or down-regulated by at least two fold between the two phenotypes. Genes assigned to a particular gene ontology term were found, in many cases, to be significantly unevenly distributed between the genes in and outside MAD. Terms that were overrepresented in MAD included functions directly implicated in cancer cell metabolism. Based on their functional roles and expression profiles, genes in MAD were grouped into likely co-regulated gene sets.
Project description:In order to study the physiological consequences of a high-copper diet on hepatic gene expression, 6 mM CuCl2 was added to the drinking water for a period of 1 month. After this period, livers of seven control mice and eight copper-treated mice were isolated and were subjected to microarray analysis and copper measurements. The hepatic gene expression profile of copper-treated mice was compared to non-treated mice using a pooled reference.
Project description:Nine time points for microarray analysis were chosen to study early and late transcriptional responses in copper metabolism upon copper overload in HepG2 cells. Samples of copper-treated cells were hybridized using non-treated samples as a reference.
Project description:A gene expression study using microarray analysis was performed to elucidate the underlying mechanism leading to embryonic lethality in homozygous Commd1 null (Commd1-/-) mouse embryos. A gene expression profile of 9.5 dpc Commd1-/- embryos were generated and were compared to a gene expression profile of both 8.5 dpc and 9.5 dpc normal embryos.
Project description:We investigate the relevance of RNA integrity in gene expression analysis as well as analysis methods to accommodate the possible effects of degradation using paired tumour and normal samples from colorectal cancer patients undergoing colonic resection.