Project description:Comparison of transcriptional profiling between the 3 Neisseria meningitidis strains [serogroup A (Z2491), Serogroup B (MC58), and Serogroup C (FAM18)] and the 2 Neisseria gonorrhoeae strain (FA1090 and MS11).
Project description:transcription profiles of two groups each containing 5 strains of Disseminated gonorrhoeae (DG) and Undisseminated (superficial) gonorrhoeae (UG) were compared. An additional set of comparisons was done between 4 strains from group one Disseminated gonorrhoeae (DG) and another 4 strains from the same group.
Project description:Changing antigenic structure such as capsule polysaccharide is a common strategy for bacterial pathogen to evade host immune system. In this regard, the recent emergence of an invasive W:2a:P1.7-2,4 ST-11 strain in New Zealand, which is an uncommon pathogenic serogroup, was investigated for its genetic origins. Molecular typing of 103 meningococcal isolates with similar serotyping characteristics was undertaken to determine genetic relationships. Results indicated that the W:2a:P1.7-2,4 strain had emerged via capsule switching from an existing group C strain (C:2a:P1.7 2,4). Neither of the upstream and downstream sites of recombination could be elucidate but sequence analysis demonstrated that at least 45 kb of DNA was involved in the recombination event. This included the entire capsule gene cluster. Genomic DNA isolated from serogroup C strains (n=4) and serogroup W strains (n=4) were compared using Pan-neisseria DNA microarray.
Project description:P. profundum SS9 strain cells were grown at two different temperatures 4°C and 16°C. RNA extracted from the two different cultures was labelled with Cy5 and Cy3 and competitively hybridized on the same slide.
Project description:P. profundum SS9 strain cells were grown at two different pressure conditions 45 MPa and at 28 MPa. RNA extracted from the two different cultures was labelled with Cy5 and Cy3 and competitively hybridized on the same slide.
Project description:The purpose of this study was to determine 1) the transcriptional program elicited by exposure to three estrogen receptor (ER) agonists: 17 a-ethynyl estradiol (EE), genistein (Ges) and bisphenol A (BPA) during fetal development of the rat testis and epididymis; and 2) whether very low dosages of estrogens (evaluated over five orders of magnitude of dosage) produce unexpected changes in gene expression (i.e., a non-monotonic dose-response curve). In three independently conducted experiments, Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed (s.c.) with 0.001-10mg EE/kg/day, 0.001-100 mg Ges/kg/day or 0.002-400mg BPA/kg/day. While morphological changes in the developing reproductive system were not observed, the gene expression profile of target tissues were modified in a dose-responsive manner. Independent dose-response analyses of the three studies identified 56 genes that are significantly modified by EE, 28 genes by Ges and 15 genes by BPA (out of 8740). Even more genes were observed to be significantly changed when only the high dose is compared with all lower doses: 141, 46 and 67 genes, respectively. Global analyses aimed at detecting genes consistently modified by all of the chemicals identified 52 genes whose expression changed in the same direction across the three chemicals. The dose-response curve for gene expression changes was monotonic for each chemical, with both the number of genes significantly changed and the magnitude of change, for each gene, decreasing with decreasing dose. Using the available annotation of the gene expression changes induced by ER-agonist, our data suggest that a variety of cellular pathways are affected by estrogen exposure. These results indicate that gene expression data are diagnostic of mode of action and, if they are evaluated in the context of traditional toxicological end-points, can be used to elucidate dose-response characteristics.
Project description:Streptococcus mutans was grown for 48 h in a biofilm in the absence (single species) and in the presence (dual species) of Veillonella parvula. In addition V. parvula single species 48 h biofilms were grown, to be used as a control. RNA was harvested from all types of biofilms and the transcript levels of the two types of biofilms containing S. mutans were compared with the use of S. mutans microarrays. V. parvula RNA was hybridized to S. mutans microarrays as a control for possible cross-hybridisation.