Ruberti A. thaliana Intermediate molecular events in plant responses to canopy shade
ABSTRACT: Aim of the experiment is the analysis of early and late molecular events in plant response to canopy shade. To this end, gene expression changes were analysed in Arabidopsis seedlings after exposure to low R/FR light for 4 hours and 1 day. The experiment was designed to enable comparison between treated and untreated Arabidopsis seedlings.
Shade-intolerant plants perceive the reduction in the ratio of red light (R) to far-red light (FR) as a warning of competition with neighboring vegetation and display a suite of developmental responses known as shade avoidance. In recent years, major progress has been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying shade avoidance. Despite this, little is known about the dynamics of this response and the cascade of molecular events leading to plant adaptation to a low-R/FR environment. ...[more]
Project description:Aim of the experiment is the identification of genes differentially regulated in hfr1/sics1 seedlings relative to wild type after prolonged exposure to low R/FR. To this end, gene expression changes were analysed in Arabidopsis wild-type and hfr1/sics1 knock-out mutant seedlings exposed to low R/FR light. The experiment was designed to enable comparison between the different genotypes exposed or not exposed to low R/FR light.
Project description:Aim of the experiment is the identification of regulatory genes rapidly induced by low R/FR and still up-regulated after prolonged exposure to FR-rich light. To this end, gene expression changes were analysed in Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings after exposure to low R/FR light for a short and a long period of time. The experiment was designed to enable comparison between treated and untreated Arabidopsis seedlings.
Project description:Aim of the experiment is the identification of genes differentially regulated in phyA seedlings relative to wild type after prolonged exposure to low R/FR. To this end, gene expression changes were analysed in Arabidopsis wild-type and phyA knock-out mutant seedlings exposed to low R/FR light. The experiment was designed to enable comparison between the different genotypes exposed or not exposed to low R/FR light.
Project description:The purpose of this experiment was to identify genes responding differently to a 24 h low red to far red ratio (R:FR) treatment in plants grown at 16 and 22 degrees Experiment Overall Design: Microarrays were used as a gene discovery tool to identify genes showing differential regulation by low R:FR at 2 growth temperatures. Plants subject to a 24 h low R:FR light treatment were compared with control plants maintained in high R:FR. This experiment was carried out at two growth temperatures, 16oC and 22oC.
Project description:This experiment was a time course performed over 24 hours to look at the effects on gene expression of exposure to low red:far-red ratio light in Arabidopsis thaliana plants. In this way genes involved in the shade avoidance response might be identified. This experiment was designed for gene identification only and containes no replicates,genes identified were verified by quantitative PCR for publication.
Project description:In dense plant stands, the ratio between red and far-red (R:FR) light declines and shade intolerant species will respond to this cue for future shade by inducing the shade avoidance syndrome (SAS), enabling them to outgrow their neighbours. Shade tolerant species from the forest understory are unable to outgrow neighbouring trees and will suppress SAS. Although the molecular mechanisms underlying SAS are well studied in various species, mechanisms of SAS-suppression in shade tolerant species have rarely been studied. We applied RNA sequencing on Geranium pyrenaicum and G. robertianum, two wild species with contrasting growth responses to low R:FR light. G. pyrenaicum strongly induces petiole elongation when exposed to low R:FR light, at any time of the photoperiod. Contrastingly, G. robertianum only induces this response early in the day, and suppresses petiole growth in low R:FR light at the end of the photoperiod, which results after 24 hours in a net difference with control treatments of zero. We compared expression patterns in the most apical (most responsive) part of the second petioles, in two-week-old Geranium plants (two leaf stage) after 2 and 11.5 hours of far-red light enrichment. This way, we identified a number of novel candidate regulators of shade avoidance, and differential phytochrome control of plant immunity genes in the two species. For de-novo assembly of the reference transcriptomes, we pooled petiole- and leaf lamina tissue exposed to normal white light (180 mol m-2 s-1 PAR, R:FR 1.8, ± 60 mol m-2 s-1 blue light), low R:FR light (0.2), blue-depleted light (± 4 mol m-2 s-1 blue) and green shade (50 mol m-2 s-1 PAR, R:FR 0.45, ± 13 mol m-2 s-1 blue) for 2, 11.5 and 24 hours. Libraries of these samples were normalized, Illumina sequenced, and together with sequences of non-normalized petiole samples of the expression analysis constructed into a reference transcriptome for each species, using the Trinity protocol. Transcripts were clustered into orthologue clusters using the ortho-MCL clustering technique. Non-normalized libraries of samples (control vs. low R:FR light, 2 and 11.5 hours after start of the treatment) were sequenced and aligned to the newly assembled transcriptomes. Read counts were summed per orthologue cluster before statistical analysis was proceeded.
Project description:Plants have evolved shoot elongation mechanisms to escape from diverse environmental stresses such as flooding and vegetative shade. The apparent similarity in growth responses suggests possible convergence of the signalling pathways. Shoot elongation is mediated by passive ethylene accumulating in flooded plant organs and by changes in light quality and quantity under vegetation shade. Here we study hypocotyl elongation as a proxy for shoot elongation and delineated Arabidopsis hypocotyl length kinetics in response to ethylene and shade. Based on these kinetics, we further investigated ethylene and shade-induced genome-wide gene expression changes in hypocotyls and cotyledons separately. Both treatments induced a more extensive transcriptome reconfiguration in the hypocotyls compared to the cotyledons. Bioinformatics analyses suggested contrasting regulation of growth promotion- and photosynthesis-related genes. These analyses also suggested an induction of auxin, brassinosteroid and gibberellin signatures and the involvement of several candidate regulators in the elongating hypocotyls. Pharmacological and mutant analyses confirmed the functional involvement of several of these candidate genes and physiological control points in regulating stress-escape responses to different environmental stimuli. We discuss how these signaling networks might be integrated and conclude that plants, when facing different stresses, utilise a conserved set of transcriptionally regulated genes to modulate and fine tune growth. 1 day old Arabidopsis seedlings were subjected to control, ethylene and shade conditions. Hypocotyl and cotyledon tissues were harvested at 1.5 h, 13.5 h and 25.5 h of treatment time respectively. Microarray hybridization was carried out with 3 biological replicates (collected over 3 independent experiments) of each sample using the Affymetrix Arabidopsis Gene 1.1 ST platform.
Project description:Phytochrome Interacting Factor 5 plays an important role in adaptive responses of plants to shaded environment collectively called shade avoidance syndrome. PIF 5 belongs to the bHLH transcription factor family and regulated gene expression in a low R/FR dependent fashion. In this experiment we investigate PIF5-DNA-binding genome wide to generate a candidate list of genes, which are directly regulated by PIF5. ChIP-Seq sample of whole seedlings treated with low R/FR light
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE35057: Phytochrome Interacting Factor 4 and 5 regulate different set of genes in high and low red/far-red light GSE35059: ChIP-Seq analysis of Phytochrome Interacting Factor 5 DNA binding in low R/FR condition Refer to individual Series