Transcription profiling by array of Kashin-beck disease and osteoarthritis
ABSTRACT: We compared genome-wide gene expression profiles of articular cartilage derived from 4 Kashin-beck disease patients and 4 Primary osteoarthritis. Total RNA was isolated from cartilage samples following by being amplified, labeled and hybridized to Agilent Human 4×44k Whole Genome microarray (G4112F).
Project description:We compared genome-wide gene expression profiles of articular cartilage derived from 4 KBD patients and 4 normal controls. Total RNA was isolated from cartilage samples following by being amplified, labeled and hybridized to Agilent human 1A 22k microarray chip(G4110B).
Project description:Objective. Identify novel genes and pathways specific to superficial (SZ), middle (MZ) and deep zones (DZ) of normal articular cartilage. Methods. Articular cartilage was obtained from knees of 4 normal human donors. The cartilage zones were dissected on a microtome. RNA was analyzed on human genome arrays. Data obtained with human tissue were compared to bovine cartilage zone specific DNA arrays. Genes differentially expressed between zones were evaluated using direct annotation for structural or functional features, and by enrichment analysis for integrated pathways or functions. Results. The greatest differences were observed between SZ and DZ in both human and bovine cartilage. The MZ was transitional between the SZ and DZ and thereby shared some of the same pathways as well as structural/functional features of the adjacent zones. Cellular functions and biological processes enriched in the SZ relative to the DZ, include most prominently ECM receptor interactions, cell adhesion molecules, regulation of actin cytoskeleton, ribosome-related functions and signaling aspects such as Interferon gamma, IL4, CDC42Rac and Jak-Stat. Two pathways were enriched in the DZ relative to the SZ, including PPARG and EGFR_SMRTE. Conclusion. These differences in cartilage zonal gene expression identify new markers and pathways that govern the unique differentiation status of chondrocyte subpopulations. 12 samples, 4 donors, 3 conditions each donor (SZ, MZ and DZ), 0 donor replicates, comparisons made between SZ, MZ and DZ to identify differentially expressed genes.
Project description:Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic disease of the joint characterized by a progressive degradation of articular cartilage and subchondral bone. In healthy tissue, specialized cells called chondrocytes are regulating a balanced cartilage catabolism and anabolism. By contrast osteoarthritic joints are characterized by a dramatic increase of cartilage catabolism, due to changes of gene expression patterns within chondrocytes. To identify potential epigenetic differences regulating this process a genome-wide methylation screening of paired unaffected and osteoarthritic knee cartilage samples was performed. Therefore samples of macroscopic arthritic and non-arthritic cartilage areas of the femoral condyle of five female patients were collected and DNA isolation was performed. For being able to investigate methylation changes on a genome-wide scale using only limited amounts of DNA a specific amplification protocol for mainly methylated DNA has been established, based on combinations of different methylation-sensitive and –independent restriction digestions. The amplified DNA was then labeled and hybridized onto Agilent “Human Promoter Whole Genome” microarrays. A random variance t-test for paired (per patient) samples was performed, identifying 1214 differentially methylated genetic targets between arthritic and non-arthritic samples. The biological relevance of these genes was then further investigated via Gene Ontology (GO) and KEGG pathway analysis. DNA isolated of paired arthritic and non-arthritic knee cartilage samples of five different female osteoarthritis patients (10 samples) was methylation-specifically amplified using combinations of methylation-sensitive and -insensitive restriction enzymes. Amplicons were dye labeled (Cy3) and hybridized onto 2x244k Agilent Human Promoter microarrays.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of mouse cartilage comparing destabilised medial meniscal operated knee joints to sham operated knee joints in both wild type C57Bl/6 and C57Bl/6 ADAMTS5Dcat mice at 1, 2 and 6 weeks post DMM surgery. The goal was to determine the differential gene expression with the onset of arthritis, both early, mid and late timepoints and to assess the gene expression differences when aggrecan loss is prevented in the ADAMTS5Dcat mouse. The overall design of the experiment is to compare DMM (right leg) to sham operated (left leg) cartilage from the same mouse. In order to identify genes involved in early and late arthritis, RNA was collected from cartilage samples from mice at 1, 2 and 6 weeks post surgery. In addition, to isolate genes differentially expressed downstream of aggrecan loss, the RNA as described was collected from C57Bl/6 wild type mice and ADAMTS5Dcat mice. Four mice were used at each timepoint with their left leg being the control Sham and their right leg the experimental DMM. One sample from the wild type 1wk post operation and one ADAMTS5Dcat dye swap were removed from the analysis for technical reasons.
Project description:Age as the primary rise factor could be play an important role in incidence and development of osteoarthritis. Several studies have confirmed some tissue specific microRNA were associated with development of osteoarthritis. But if age related microRNA or miRNA cluster would be involved in pivotal post-transcriptional gene regulation in osteoarthritis is unclear. In view of this, we have an idea that several age-related miRNAs would be screened from the rat knee cartilage at different development ages by miRNAs Microarray analysis. We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying the rat knee cartilage and identified distinct classes of age-related miRNAs during this process. The rat knee articular cartilage were selected at successive stages of the rat developmental for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to obtain homogeneous populations of cartilage at each developmental stage in order to increase the temporal resolution of expression profiles. To that end, we hand-selected cartilage according to the rat developmental stages, i.e. seven time-points: newborn (T0), childhood (T1), youth(T2), adult (T3), middle-aged (T4) early-stage elderly(T5) and latter-stage elderly(T6). The objective of the study is to identify miRNA profile of knee articular cartilage at different developmental ages in rats. Total RNA were extracted from the knee articular cartilage of Sprague-Dawley rats at postnatal day 0(T0), week1(T1), week 4(T2), mon3(T3), mon 6(T4), mon 12(T5), and mon 18(T6). The microRNA profile in the specimens was detected with the Affymetrix GeneChip® miRNA 3.0 Array.
Project description:Cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis (OA) results from disturbed chondrocyte metabolism. Here, we used microarrays to show that TGF alpha and CCL2 are simultaneously upregulated in a rat model of OA and cooperate to drive cartilage degradation. The goals of the experiments included here were to a) characterize gene expression in knee joint articular chondrocytes at various stages of development of OA (2 and 8 weeks after surgical induction of OA), and b) to establish trends in gene expression among groups of genes related to the TGF alpha-EGFR axis, over time, in OA. The model chosen to study these results has been previously validated (Appleton, CT et al, 2007, Arthritis Rheum) and used to describe similar gene expression results at a different time point (4 weeks) after induction of OA. The rat model of OA involves surgical destabilization of the knee joint, followed by forced low-intensity mobilization over several weeks; a sham surgery is used as the control (representing a healthy non-OA knee joint) wherein a surgical incision is made but not structural (i.e. ligamentous) modification is made to the joint. Altogether, our data indicate that TGF and CCL2 cooperate to drive cartilage degradation in osteoarthritis. A total of 12 samples were analyzed. 3 replicates were used per condition: OA surgery at 2 weeks, OA surgery at 8 weeks, Sham (control) surgery at 2 weeks and Sham surgery at 8 weeks. Expression of OA samples was assessed relaitve to Sham (control) expression levels.
Project description:Age as the primary rise factor could be play an important role in incidence and development of osteoarthritis. A few studies have confirmed some tissue specific lncRNA were associated with development of osteoarthritis. But if age related lncRNA would be involved in pivotal post-transcriptional gene regulation in osteoarthritis is unclear. In view of this, we have an idea that several age-related lncRNA would be screened from the rat knee cartilage at different development ages by lncRNAs Microarray analysis. We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying the rat knee cartilage and identified distinct classes of age-related lncRNA during this process. The rat knee articular cartilage were selected at successive stages of the rat developmental for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix lncRNA arrays. We sought to obtain homogeneous populations of cartilage at each developmental stage in order to increase the temporal resolution of expression profiles. To that end, we hand-selected cartilage according to the rat developmental stages, i.e. seven time-points: newborn (T0), youth(T1), adult (T2), early-stage elderly(T3) and latter-stage elderly(T4).
Project description:Osteoarthritis was induced in male wild-type and ColIITgcog (c/c) mice by destabilisation of the medial meniscus (DMM). c/c mice have increased ER stress in chondrocytes via the collagen II promoter driven expression of a misfolding protein, the cog form of thyroglobulin. RNA-sequencing of laser micro-dissected cartilage was performed at 2 weeks post-surgery (n=3/group).
Project description:Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease with a substantial health economic burden. There is no current treatment; instead, disease management targets the main symptoms (pain and stiffness) and culminates in joint replacement surgery. OA is a disease of cartilage degeneration, but the molecular changes leading to the development of OA are still poorly understood. In this study we compare methylation, gene transcription and protein abundance at the genome-wide level in individually-matched samples of chondrocytes extracted from affected and relatively healthy articular cartilage across 12 OA patients undergoing total knee replacement. Integration analysis highlights genes that are consistently affected at multiple levels, including AQP1, CLEC3B and COL1A1, and also relevant biological pathways such as extracellular matrix organization, collagen catabolism and proteolysis. Collectively these results provide a first view of the comprehensive molecular landscape underpinning OA development and point to potential therapeutic avenues.
Project description:We have previously demonstrated that a mixture of curcuminoids extract, hydrolyzed collagen and green tea extract (COT) inhibited inflammatory and catabolic mediator’s synthesis by osteoarthritic (OA) human chondrocytes. The objectives of this study were to identify new targets of COT using genomic approaches. We compared gene expression profiles of chondrocytes treated with COT and/or with interleukin(IL)-1β. The proteins coded by the most important COT sensitive genes were then quantified by specific immunoassays. Cartilage specimens were obtained from 12 patients (10 women and 2 men; mean age 67 years old, range 54-76 years old) with knee OA. Primary human chondrocytes were cultured in monolayer until confluence and then incubated for 24 hours in the absence or in the presence of human IL-1β (10e-11M) and with or without COT, each compound at the concentration of 4 µg/ml. Microarray gene expression profiling between control, COT, IL-1β and COT IL-1β conditions was performed.