Transcription profiling by array of human ductal breast epithelial tumour cell line T47D treated with rapamycin, 3-methyladenine and DMSO vehicle in a time series (1, 8, 24 and 48h)
ABSTRACT: T-47 cells were treated with rapamycin, 3-methyladenine (3MA)-rapamycin and vehicle (DMSO, control) in a time series manner (1, 8, 24 and 48h), Affymetrix Genechip U133 Plus 2.0 array were used to compare the gene expression patterns of rapamycin-treated, 3MA-rapamycin treated versus control cells. All experiments were carried out in triplicates and a total of 24 chips were used. 3MA-Rapamycin treated samples were only limited to 24 h as total RNA for 48h was degraded.
Project description:The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a central regulator of cell proliferation. Inhibitors of mTOR are being evaluated as anti-tumor agents. Given the emerging role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in tumorgenesis we hypothesized that miRNAs could play important roles in the response of tumors to mTOR inhibitors. Rapamycin resistant myogenic cells developed by long-term rapamycin treatment showed extensive reprogramming of miRNAs expression, characterized by up-regulation of the mir-17~92 and related clusters and down-regulation of tumor-suppressor miRNAs. Antagonists of oncogenic miRNA families and mimics of tumor suppressor miRNAs (let-7) restored rapamycin sensitivity in resistant tumor cells. This study identified miRNAs as new downstream components of the mTOR-signaling pathway, which may determine the response of tumors to mTOR inhibitors. Total RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays of rapamycin sensitive (RS) cells (BC3H1, mouse brain tumor cell line with myogenic properties, ATCC) cultured in Dulbecco’s modified essential medium (DMEM) media supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin (100 U/ml) and streptomycin (100 mg/ml). Rapamycin resistant cells (RR1) were developed by culturing BC3H1 cells in the presence of 1 uM rapamycin for 6 months. Three samples in triplicates: 1) Rapamycin sensitive cells treated with DMSO for 24 h(BC3H1, reference), 2) Rapamycin sensitive cells treated for 24 h with 100 nM rapamycin (BC3H1+R), 3) Rapamycin resistant cells constantly treated with 1uM Rapamycion (RR1+R).
Project description:Transcript level changes in transcription factor mutants after rapamycin treatment, compared to the wild-type strain. This data set accompanies the study "Widespread Misinterpretable ChIP-seq Bias in Yeast" (GSE51251) Four separate wild-type cultures of yeast were grown, and each culture was split into two. Then, one was treated with DMSO and the other one was treated with rapamycin. For transcription factor mutants, two separate cultures were grown, and rapamycin was treated in the same way as treated to the wild type. Total RNA was recovered from each culture, then labeled oligo was prepared following NimbleGene standard protocol. Each chip measures the expression levels of 5,777 genes from yeast.
Project description:To screen miRNAs specifically regulated by mTORC1 or mTORC2, a global miRNA expression profile in MCF-7 cells treated with rapamycin or PP242 (mTORC1/2 kinase inhibitor) was developed using microarray. control, rapamycin or PP242 treated human MCF-7 cells were harvested 48h post-treatment and subjected to total RNA extraction.
Project description:RNA libraries from whole D. melanogaster and dissected tissues (brain, fat body, gut, ovary, thorax). Flies were fed 1SY base food (10% yeast, 5% sucrose, 1.5% agar), EAA-enriched 1SY (equivalent to EAA content of 20% yeast as Emran et al, 2014: PMC4069266), or EAA-enriched 1SY + 200µm rapamycin
Project description:This experiment utilized rat fibroblasts that are wild-type for c-Myc (TGR-1 cells) and null for c-Myc (HO15.19 cells). Both were treated treated with rapamycin for 24 hr (comparison group, vehicle control). Cells were studied under conditions that supported proliferation. Rapamycin (50nM or DMSO vehicle control) was added for 24 hr after which RNA was prepared and analyzed.
Project description:Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a serine/threonine kinase involved in multiple intracellular signaling pathways promoting tumor growth. mTOR is aberrantly activated in a significant portion of breast cancers and is a promising target for treatment. Rapamycin and its analogues are in clinical trials for breast cancer treatment. Patterns of gene expression (metagenes) may also be used to simulate a biologic process of effects of a drug treatment. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the gene-expression signature regulated by rapamycin could predict disease outcome for patients with breast cancer. Results: Colony formation and sulforhodamine B (IC50 < 1nM) assays, and xenograft animals showed that MDA-MB-468 cells were sensitive to treatment with rapamycin. The comparison of in vitro and in vivo gene expression data identified a signature, termed rapamycin metagene index (RMI), of 31 genes upregulated by rapamycin treatment in vitro as well as in vivo (false discovery rate of 10%). In the Miller dataset, RMI was significantly associated with tumor size or lymph node status. High (>75) percentile) RMI was significantly associated with longer survival (P = 0.015). On multivariate analysis, RMI (P = 0.029), tumor size (P = 0.015) and lymph node status (P = 0.01) were prognostic. In van 't Veer study, RMI was not associated with the time to develop distant metastasis (P = 0.41). In Wang dataset, RMI predicted time to disease relapse (P = 0.09). Conclusions: Rapamycin-regulated gene expression signature predicts clinical outcome in breast cancer. This supports the central role of mTOR signaling in breast cancer biology and provides further impetus to pursue mTOR-targeted therapies for breast cancer treatment. Mol Cancer. 2009 Sep 24;8(1):75. Experiment Overall Design: Rapamycin treatment of MDA-MB-468 breast cancer cell line: Experiment Overall Design: MDA-MB-468 cell line was treated by DMSO (vehicle) and 100 nM rapamycin for 24 hours. We sought to identify differentially expressed genes. Experiment Overall Design: Rapamycin treatment of breast tumor xenografts: Experiment Overall Design: MDA-MB-468 cells were inoculated in the mammary fat pad of female nude mice. When resulting tumor volumes had reached 75-150 mm3, the mice were divided in four groups. Groups 1 and 2 received a single injection of DMSO (vehicle) or rapamycin (15 mg/kg) intraperitoneally and sacrificied 24 h later (1-day groups). Groups 3 and 4 received weekly injections of DMSO or rapamycin for 3 weeks and sacrificied 24 h after the last injection (22-day groups).
Project description:The TSC/mTOR (tuberous sclerosis complex/mammalian target of rapamycin) pathway has a central role in cell growth and is involved in human tumorigenesis. Here, we demonstrate an unexpected role of TSC2 and mTOR in regulating key inflammatory cytokines in monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells after bacterial stimulation. mTOR deficiency promoted IL-12/IL-23 and blocked IL-10 production via the transcription factor NF-kB. Conversely, loss of TSC2, a key negative regulator of mTOR, led to reduced NF-kB activity, limited IL-12 but enhanced IL-10 production. Transcriptional profiling demonstrated that mTOR additionally regulated many mediators important for inflammation and immunoregulation including PD-L1, CCR5, CCL22, and MCP-1. mTOR inhibition in vivo rescued susceptible mice from a lethal Listeria monocytogenes infection by modulating IL-12/IL-10 production. These data identify the TSC2/mTOR pathway as a novel pathway in innate immune responses by controlling NF-kB with profound clinical implications for infectious diseases, cancer, or transplantation. Keywords: inflammatory response of monocytes to LPS and rapamycin 107 CD14+ monocytes from four different donors were stimulated with 100 ng/ml LPS with or without 100 nM rapamycin for 4 hours. Cells were harvested, washed and pelleted and frozen at –80° C. Sample preparation and hybridization to a PIQORTM Immunology Microarray Human Antisense (quadrupled cDNA fragments for 1070 genes) was performed at the Miltenyi Microarray Service Unit. In brief, RNA was extracted with the TRIzol method (Sigma-Aldrich) and 1mg of total RNA was linear amplified by T7 polymerase. Total RNA from the LPS treated cells were Cy3 labeled, LPS and rapamycin treated cells were Cy5 labeled; both samples of a donor were hybridized on a single microarray. Only genes with signal intensities >2-fold above average background in one of the two channels were regarded as expressed.
Project description:The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a central regulator of cell proliferation. Inhibitors of mTOR are being evaluated as anti-tumor agents. Given the emerging role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in tumorgenesis we hypothesized that miRNAs could play important roles in the response of tumors to mTOR inhibitors. Rapamycin resistant myogenic cells developed by long-term rapamycin treatment showed extensive reprogramming of miRNAs expression, characterized by up-regulation of the mir-17~92 and related clusters and down-regulation of tumor-suppressor miRNAs. Antagonists of oncogenic miRNA families and mimics of tumor suppressor miRNAs (let-7) restored rapamycin sensitivity in resistant tumor cells. This study identified miRNAs as new downstream components of the mTOR-signaling pathway, which may determine the response of tumors to mTOR inhibitors. Total RNA was extracted from rapamycin sensitive (RS) cells (BC3H1, mouse brain tumor cell line with myogenic properties, ATCC) cultured in Dulbecco’s modified essential medium (DMEM) media supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS), penicillin (100 U/ml) and streptomycin (100 mg/ml). Rapamycin resistant cells (RR1) were developed by culturing BC3H1 cells in the presence of 1 uM rapamycin for 6 months. Three samples in quadruplicate 1)RS cells treated with DMSO for 24 h(BC3H1, reference), 2) RS cells treated for 24 h with 100 nM rapamycin (BC3H1+R), 3) RR1 cells consantly treated with 1uM Rapamycion (RR1+R). For each experiment, 1 μM of total RNA was labeled with Hy3TM dye and a reference RNA pool (consisting of a mixture of equal amounts of total RNA from BC3H1, BC3H1+R and RR1+R cells) was labeled with Hy5TM dye using the miRCURYTM Labeling Kit. The samples were hybridized to Exiqon miRCURYTM LNA Arrays (V10.0).
Project description:EL4 cells were treated or not with 20nM rapamycin for 48h. Total RNA was extracted from rapamycin-treated and untreated EL4 cells with TRIzol RNA reagent (Invitrogen) as instructed by the manufacturer. Samples were purified using DNase (Qiagen, Mississauga, ON, Canada) and the RNeasy Mini kit (Qiagen), and the overall quality was analyzed with the 2100 Bioanalyzer (Agilent Technologies). Purified RNA (10 ?g/sample) was hybridized on MM8 385K NimbleGen chips according to the manufacturer's instruction. Arrays were scanned using a GenePix4000B scanner (Axon Instruments, Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale, CA) at 5 ?m resolution. Data were extracted and normalized using the NimbleScan 2.4 extraction software (NimbleGen Systems, Madison, WI). Further microarray analyses were performed using GeneSpring GX 7.3.1.
Project description:Aberrant activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) is a common molecular event in a large variety of pathological settings, including genetic tumor syndromes, cancer, and obesity. However, the cell intrinsic consequences of mTORC1 activation remain poorly defined. Here, we identify global trancriptional changes in TSC1 and TSC2 null MEFs, which exhibit constitutive activation of mTORC1, compared to wild-type littermate control lines. A rapamycin time course is included to determine those changes that are dependent on mTORC1 signaling, revealing mTORC1 induced and repressed transcripts. In order to identify mTORC1-dependent transcriptional changes, we compared wild-type MEFs to both Tsc1-/- and Tsc2-/- MEFs following serum starvation, where mTORC1 signaling is off in wild-type cells and fully active in TSC-deficient cells. All cell lines were serum-starved for 24 h, and the Tsc1-/- and Tsc2-/- cells were treated with a time course of rapamycin prior to the isolation of mRNA for microarray analysis. Immortalized wild-type (Tsc2+/+ p53-/-), Tsc1-/- (p53+/+, 3T3-immortalized), and Tsc2-/- (p53-/-, derived from a littermate of the wild-type cell line) MEFs are the three cell lines used in this study and were derived in the laboratory of David J. Kwiatkowski (Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA). Wild-type and null MEFs were grown to 70% confluence in 10 cm plates and were serum starved for 24 h in the presence of vehicle (DMSO) for 24 h or rapamycin (20 nM) for 2, 6, 12, or 24 h. All vehicle-treated samples (0 h time points) were plated in triplicate and all rapamycin time course samples were plated in duplicate. For each replicate, expression analysis was performed by hybridization to an Affymetrix Mouse 430_2 oligonucleotide microarray chip.