International journal of molecular medicine 20130715 3
DNA microarrays, which are among the most popular genomic tools, are widely applied in biology and medicine. Boutique arrays, which are small, spotted, dedicated microarrays, constitute an inexpensive alternative to whole-genome screening methods. The data extracted from each microarray-based experiment must be transformed and processed prior to further analysis to eliminate any technical bias. The normalization of the data is the most crucial step of microarray data pre-processing and this proc ...[more]
Project description:Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common and severe acute leukemia in adults. It is a heterogeneous disease where the subset of molecularly different types, presenting various morphological features and differentiation stage, can be distinguished. Genomic research of leukemias is conducted since 1999 and large cohort studies shown that particular genetic alterations correspond with specific gene expression signatures. However, not always they provide clinically relevant information. The most unknown group is cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML, 40-49% of all AML cases). The aim of our experiment was to determine selected gene expression profiles in CN-AML, using small, boutique microarray. The array contained 933 oligonucleotide probes, mainly complementary to acute myeloid leukemia markers, genes involved in leukemic transformation and myeloid cell proliferation, differentiation and maturation. Our test dataset included 40 hybridizations: 24 corresponding with blood and bone marrow samples collected from 12 patients with AML M1 or M2 FAB subtype and 16 corresponding with healthy control samples. Total RNA was extracted from the mononuclear cell fractions, reversibly transcribed to cDNA and labeled with Alexa 647 dye. The common reference was RNA isolated from HL-60 cell culture, labeled with Alexa 555 dye.
Project description:Two colon cancer cell lines, SW480 and SW620, were originated from the same patient. The SW480 cell line was derived from a primary lesion, and the SW620 cell line was cultured from a lymph node metastasis with no intervening chemotherapy at a later time. Since these two cell lines are from a single person, it is likely that differences between the two cell lines represent the changes when cancer cells acquire metastatic potential. Thus, this system represents a perfect model for the study of metastatic mechanism. To investigate cancer metastasis associated miRNAs, we detected the miRNA profiles in these two cell lines.
Project description:One day-old broilers (Ross/Ross, Longenecker's Hatchery, Elizabethtown, PA) were housed in Petersime starter brooder units and randomly assigned to 4 groups (5 birds/group). Carvacrol (Nature Chemicals, Hamburg, Germany) and cinnamaldehyde (Alys Technologies SA, Bussigny-près-Lausanne, Switzerland) were obtained from the compound obtained from synthesis. Crushed C. annuum fruits (Pushp Brand Spices, Munimji Foods and Spices Pvt. Ltd. Indore, India) were extracted with volatile solvents using the percolation method to obtain oleoresin. Chickens were fed for 7 days beginning from hatch with a standard diet alone (control) or with diets supplemented with carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, or Capsicum oleoresin.<br> Following euthanization of the birds, intestines were cut longitudinally and washed three times with ice-cold Hanks balanced salt solution (HBSS) containing 100 U/ml of penicillin and 100 mg/ml of streptomycin (Sigma, St. Louis, MO). The mucosal layer of entire intestine was carefully scraped using a surgical scalpel and intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) were isolated by Percoll density gradient centrifugation as previously described (Min et al. 2005). Total RNA was isolated from 5.0 x 107 cells using Trizol (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) and purified using the RNeasy Mini RNA Purification Kit (Qiagen, Valencia, CA). Aminoallyl-labeled RNA from IELs was prepared using the Amino Allyl Message Amp II aRNA Amplification Kit (Ambion, Austin, TX). Two of 20 ?g aliquots of each aminoallyl-RNA sample were fluorescently labeled with AlexaFluor 555 or AlexaFluor 647 (Invitrogen) and labeled RNAs were column-purified using the RNA Amplification Kit (Ambion). RNA concentrations and labeling efficiencies were determined spectrophotometrically.<br> Hybridizations were performed using HybIt hybridization buffer (TeleChem, Sunnyvale, CA) in ArrayIt reaction cassettes at 50°C overnight as described (Kim et al., 2008). After hybridization, the slides were rinsed in 0.5 X SSC, 0.01% SDS at room temperature and washed once for 15 min in 0.2 X SSC, 0.2% SDS at 50°C, 3 times for 1 min in 0.2 X SSC at room temperature, and 3 times for 1 min in distilled water at room temperature. Each sample had a repeated hybridization using the alternate fluorescent dye between the treatment and control.
Project description:Comparison of gene expression profiles between two Fayoumi chicken lines, which show a difference in disease resistance to coccidiosis, using our avian intestinal intraepithelial lymphocyte microarray (AVIELA)
Project description:Experiment evaluating aplicability of PlasTi-microarray for cross-species hybridization studies. PlasTi-microarray is a tiling oligonucleotide microarray originally designed for cucumber plastome analysis.Chloroplast RNA from Arabidopsis, tomato and spinach leaves was extracted, labelled and hybridized to PlasTi-microarray with the cucumber samples labelled with the second dye as a control. For each species, one biological sample and one technical replicate (labelled in a dye-swap orientation) were analyzed, resulting in two microarray hybridizations per species and six microarrays (a-f) in total.
Project description:Comparison of transcript profiles of E. coli LZ41fishns and LZ54fishns strains containing drug-resistant alleles of different topoisomerase genes to distinguish gene transcripts associated either with relaxation or hypernegative supercoiling.