Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20040927 40
The nuclear receptor corepressor (NCoR) and the related factor known as silencing mediator of retinoic acid and thyroid hormone receptor (SMRT) are essential components of multiprotein complexes that mediate active repression by unliganded nuclear receptors. Recent studies suggest that NCoR and SMRT can interact with and exert repressive effects on several other classes of DNA-binding transcription factors, but the physiological importance of these interactions has not been established. Here, in ...[more]
Project description:We were interested in determining what genes might be controlled by TFAP2C and/or TFAP2A, either directly or indirectly through regulation of ER-alpha and potentially other signaling pathways. We performed an microarray analysis in MCF7 cells with elimination of either TFAP2C or TFAP2A. The patterns of gene expression with alteration of TFAP2 activity were compared to changes in expression induced by estrogen exposure. Knock-down of TFAP2C in the presence of estrogen altered the pattern of several known ERalpha-regulated genes and a number of genes outside the estrogen-regulated pathways. Experiment Overall Design: 6 samples were analyzed. Experiment Overall Design: 1. MCF7 cells treated with TFAP2C siRNA, without the presence of estrogen. Experiment Overall Design: 2.MCF7 cells treated with TFAP2C siRNA, with the presence of estrogen. Experiment Overall Design: 3.MCF7 cells treated with TFAP2A siRNA, without the presence of estrogen. Experiment Overall Design: 4.MCF7 cells treated with TFAP2A siRNA, with the presence of estrogen. Experiment Overall Design: 5.MCF7 cells with no siRNA treatment, without the presence of estrogen. Experiment Overall Design: 6.MCF7 cells with no siRNA treatment, with the presence of estrogen.
Project description:poly(A)+ RNA samples from hnRNP C siRNA knockdown and control HeLa cells were compared on a splice-junction microarray to detect changes in alternative splicing. Using the ASPIRE3 algorithm, we detected changes in splicing at 1,340 alternative exons. We observed a similar incidence of increased or decreased exon inclusion in hnRNP C knockdown cells, indicating that hnRNP C can either silence or enhance exon inclusion, respectively. We validated changes at 26 exons by RT-PCR with a 92% success rate.
Project description:With the goal of identifying changes in gene expression in CD4(+) T cells during the development of diabetes in the nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse, we used DNA microarrays to analyze gene expression in CD4(+) T cells from the pancreatic draining lymph nodes of NOD/BDC 2.5 T cell receptor transgenic and WT NOD mice at different ages. At 4 and 6 weeks of age, we found up-regulation of a number of genes that are known to be induced by IFN-alpha. IFN-alpha levels and IFN-alpha-producing plasmacytoid dendritic cells were increased in the PLNs of 3- to 4-week-old NOD mice. Moreover, blockade of IFN-alpha receptor 1 in NOD mice by a neutralizing antibody at 2-3 weeks of age significantly delayed the onset and decreased the incidence of type 1 diabetes, increased the relative number of immature dendritic cells in the PLNs, and enhanced the ability of spleen CD4(+) T cells to produce IL-4 and IL-10. These findings demonstrate that IFN-alpha in the PLNs is an essential initiator in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes in NOD mice. An all pairs experiment design type is where all labeled extracts are compared to every other labeled extract.
Project description:We exposed flies to acute oxidative stress-inducing concentrations of paraquat and menadione sodium bisulfite and corresponding controls and obtained whole-genome transcript profiles at three time points (30 minutes, 4 hours and 10 hours) during exposure.
Project description:A large-scale time course expression profiling of wild type (Mla12/Rar1/Rom1) and mutants (mla12-M66, M82 (rar1-1), M100 (rar1-2) and rom1) of barley cultivar Sultan 5 was conducted to understand the molecular mechanisms of delayed powdery mildew resistance. Barley plants were inoculated with powdery mildew pathogen isolate 5874. First leaves of inoculated and non-inoculated plants were harvested at six time points after pathogen inoculation. The experiment was laid out in split-split-plot design with 180 experimental units (3 replications x 2 treatments (inoculated and non-inoculated) x 5 genotypes x 6 time points).
Project description:A parallel expression profiling of wild-type and loss-of-function mutants of Mla6 and Mla1 powdery mildew resistance alleles was conducted using Barley1 GeneChip. Barley plants were inoculated with powdery mildew isolate 5874 and first leaves were harvested at 6 time points after pathogen inoculation. This experiment was conducted in split-split-plot experimental design with 3 replications.
Project description:We have established Drosophila melanogaster as a model system for ocular hypertension by expressing wild-type human myocilin (MYOC) in the Drosophila eye. Here, we have created transgenic flies that express four clinically relevant mutant forms of MYOC (R342K, Q368X, D380N and K423E) in their eyes using the gmr-Gal4/UAS binary system. We compare and identify human glaucoma candidate genes based on the transcription profiles of flies that express wt-MYOC or mutant-MYOCs.
Project description:To identify genes that are regulated by MeJA and drought, global expression profilings were performed on panicles from Ubi1:AtJMT, drought-treated NT, and untreated NT plants. The underlying assumption of this approach was that high levels of MeJA produced either by overexpression of AtJMT in the transgenic panicles or by drought treatment in the NT panicles regulates genes that are involved in spikelet and/or panicle development. Profiling was conducted using the Rice 3’-Tiling Microarray (GreenGene Biotech, Yongin, Korea). RNA samples from S1 panicles of Ubi1:AtJMT, drought-treated NT and untreated NT plants were used to generate cyanine-3 (Cy3)-labeled complementary DNA (cDNA) probes, which were then hybridized to the microarray. Each data set was obtained from three biological repeats. Expression profiling was conducted using a Rice 3’-Tiling Microarray. Information on the microarray can be found at http://www.ggbio.com (GreenGene Biotech). The Rice 3’-Tiling Microarray was designed from 27,448 genes deposited at IRGSP, RAP1 database (http://rapdb.lab.nig.ac.jp). Among these, 20,507 genes were from representative RAP1 sequences with cDNA/EST supports and 6,941 genes were predicted without cDNA/EST supports. Ten 60-nt long probes were designed from each gene starting 60 bp ahead the end of stop codon with 10 bp shifts in position so that 10 probes covered 150 bp in the 3' region of the gene. In total, 270,000 probes were designed (average size, 60-nt) to have Tm values of 75 to 85 °C. The microarray was manufactured by NimbleGen Inc. (http://www.nimblegen.com/). Random GC probes (38,000) were used to monitor the hybridization efficiency and fiducial markers at the four corners (225) were included to assist with overlaying the grid on the image. The microarray was used to profile gene expression in Ubi1:AtJMT, drought-treated NT, and untreated NT plants. Cy3-labeled target cDNA fragments were synthesized from S1 panicles using a Cy3-9mer primer. For normalization, data were processed with cubic alpine normalization using quartiles to adjust signal variation between chips and with Rubust Multi-Chip Analysis using a median polish algorithm implemented in NimbleScan (Workman et al., 2002; Irizarry et al., 2003). To assess the reproducibility of the microarray analysis, we repeated the experiment three times with independently prepared total RNAs.