BACKGROUND: Plants are sessile and therefore have to perceive and adjust to changes in their environment. The presence of neighbours leads to a competitive situation where resources and space will be limited. Complex adaptive responses to such situation are poorly understood at the molecular level. RESULTS: Using microarrays, we analysed whole-genome expression changes in Arabidopsis thaliana plants subjected to intraspecific competition. The leaf and root transcriptome was strongly altered by c ...[more]
Project description:Arabidopsis thaliana plants fend off insect attack by constitutive and inducible production of toxic metabolites such as glucosinolates (GS). A triple mutant lacking MYC2, MYC3, and MYC4, three basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors that are known to additively control jasmonate-related defense responses, is highly susceptible to insect herbivory. In this study, we performed a whole-genome microarray analysis on three-week-old plants and compared wild-type (Col-0) and myc2myc3myc4 plants in control conditions (no treatment). Myc234 was shown to have a highly reduced expression of GS biosynthesis genes.
Project description:There is currently little information on which trancription factors control the expression of defence genes in response to herbivory in Arabidopsis thaliana. We performed a whole-genome analysis of Arabidopsis plants after feeding by Spodoptera littoralis larvae. Wild-type and knockout mutants in different insect-inducible transcription factors were either untreated (control plants) or challenged for 8 days with S. littoralis larvae (insect challenged plants).