Enterococcus faecium is a gut commensal of humans and animals. In the intestinal tract, E. faecium will have access to a wide variety of carbohydrates, including maltodextrins and maltose, which are the sugars that result from the enzymatic digestion of starch by host-derived and microbial amylases. In this study, we identified the genetic determinants for maltodextrin utilization of E. faecium E1162. We generated a deletion mutant of the mdxABCD-pulA gene cluster that is homologous to maltodext ...[more]
Project description:We reported the gene expression profile of T47D cells treated with the organic extract of Particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) sampled next to the municipal solid waste incineration plant of Bologna city. Based on a air pollution distribution model that takes the incinaration plant as point source of emission, two sites were chosen to sample particulate matter near incineration plant: "FrulloEst" representing the maximum effect of the incineration plant, "Calamosco" representing the negative control of "FrulloEst" (minimun effect of incineration plant, same effect of other air pollution fonts). Another site, "Giardini Margherita", is chosen to sample the urban background air pollution. for each site sample collection was performed in winter and in summer season.
Project description:The two cell lines NB4 and NB4.437r, respectively sensitive and resistant to the cytotoxic action of the atypical retinoid ST1926 and CD437 were used to unveil the mechanism of action of these drugs.We compared their transcriptional profiles in conditions of exponential growth in basal medium by microarray gene expressio analysis.
Project description:In order to identify putative downstream targets of Batf in M1 cells, a microarray analysis was performed. Briefly, M1/Neg-RNAi (expressing control siRNA with no mammalian target) and M1/Batf-RNAi cells (expressing Batf targeting siRNA) were seeded in M1 growth medium at a density of 3 X 105/ml in 100mm culture dishes. Six plates were plated for each cell type. Within each group, three were labeled as + LIF and treated with leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) (5 ng/ml) for 6 hours the following day. After 6 hours, the cells were harvested from all plates individually and RNA prepared. 5 µg of total RNA from the three individual samples representing each subgroup (M1/Neg-RNAi + LIF, - LIF; M1/Batf-RNAi + LIF, - LIF) were combined into one pool of RNA. EJT001 represents sample "M1/Neg-RNAi, no LIF)"; EJT002 represents sample "M1/Neg-RNAi, with LIF)"; EJT003 represents sample "M1/Batf-RNAi, no LIF)"; EJT004 represents sample "M1/Batf-RNAi, with LIF)". The four pools of RNA were shipped to Genome Explorations, Inc. for analysis using Affymetrix GeneChip technology. The differentially regulated genes were identified both within each group (+ LIF compared to - LIF) and between 2 goups (M1/Neg-RNAi and M1/Batf-RNAi).
Project description:Identification of differentially expressed genes between pulmonary carcinoid patients with a favorable and a poor disease outcome. Data set from a complementary comparative genomic hybridization experiment is also deposited at ArrayExpress under accession ID E-MEXP-3806 (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-MEXP-3806).