Transcription profiling by array of mouse embryo lungs to investigate how endogenous retinoic acid (RA) and glucocorticoids (GCs) regulate gene expression during development
ABSTRACT: Mammalian lung development during the saccular and alveolar stages is dependent upon antagonistic molecular signalling by endogenous retinoic acid (RA) and glucocorticoids (GCs) which regulate gene expression via the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) family and the glucocorticoid receptor (GR), respectively. The genomic mechanism of this antagonism was investigated with in vitro distal lung explant cultures from E18.5 GR-null (GR-/-) mice treated with all-trans-RA (atRA) for 2h . Whole mouse genome microarray analysis from lung explant tissue identified a small number of gene targets which were not only significantly induced by atRA in the wildtype lung, but also significantly stimulated to levels greater than atRA-treated wildtype lungs in GR-/- lungs.
Project description:The aim of this study is to identify novel glucocorticoid receptor (GR) regulated hepatic target genes. In order to do so, we used microarray technology to compare the gene expression of wild type and GR-null mice after 3 hrs of dexamethasone treatment.
Project description:Development of eukaryotic organisms is controlled by transcription factors that trigger specific and global changes in gene expression programmes. In plants, MADS-domain transcription factors act as master regulators of developmental switches and organ specification. However, the mechanisms by which these factors dynamically regulate the expression of their target genes at different developmental stages are still poorly understood. Here, we characterize the dynamic relationship of chromatin accessibility, gene expression and DNA-binding of two MADS-domain proteins during Arabidopsis flower development. The developmental dynamics of DNA-binding of APETALA1 and SEPALLATA3 is largely independent of chromatin accessibility, and our findings suggest that AP1 acts as 'pioneer factor' that modulates chromatin accessibility, thereby facilitating access of other transcriptional regulators to their target genes. Our data provide a primer to the idea that cellular differentiation in plants can be associated to dynamic changes in chromatin accessibility, as consequence of the action of master transcription factors. We used the AP1-GR system to conduct chromatin immunoprecipitation experiments with SEP3-specific antibodies and GR atibodies followed by deep-sequencing (ChIP-Seq) in order to determine SEP3 and AP1 binding sites on a genome-wide scale. Samples were generated from tissue in which the AP1-GR protein was induced using a treatment of 1 uM DEX to the shoot apex. The material was collect 2, 4 and 8 days after treatment. As control, we performed ChIP experiments using pre-immune serum at the different time points. Experiments were done in two biological replicates for 4 days and 8 days time-points while one biological replicate was done for control samples and 2 days time-point. The GSE47981 includes expression data that are complementary to the data in the GSE46986 and GSE46894.
Project description:35S::AtOFP1-GR seeds were directly sown on MS/G plates without or with 10 uM DEX and stratified at 4C in dark for 2 days. Imbibed seeds were then transferred to growth conditions (23°C with 14/10 hr photoperiod at approximately 120 umol m-2 s-1) and grown for 7d.
Project description:Pro35SLBD16:GR or Pro35SLBD18:GR transgenic seedlings that overexpress LBD16 or LBD18 fused to glucocorticoidsteroid hormone binding domain(GR) under CaMV35S promoter were grown for 12 days under long-day conditions (16h light/ 8h dark).
Project description:Myeloid derived Suppressor cells (MDSC) are heterogenous popluation of cells consists of two major subsets namely the monocytic Gr-1dull/int. and granulocytic (Gr-1high). These distinct two subsets use different mechanism to inhibit T cell response. In addition, how the function of these subsets is regulated is not known yet. The Gr-1dull/int. MDSC are suppressing T cells through IFNg dependent nitric oxide dependent manner. However, the exact suppressive mechanism of Gr-1high MDSC is not clear. Here we studied the role of a cytokine IFNg on the suppressive function of Gr-1high MDSC by comparing the gene expression of Gr-1high cells cultured alone versus those cultured with T cells which donot produce IFNgamma. CD11b+Gr-1high cells were purified from the splenocyte of CT-26 colon tumor bearing mice. The purified CD11b+Gr-1high MDSCs were cultured with IFNg-/- antigen specific T cells and re- sorted after 48h and RNA was extracted and gene expression was analyzed using topic-defined PIQORTM Immunology Microarrays.
Project description:In zebrafish, ovulated oocytes contain both cortisol deposited from the maternal circulation and maternal mRNA for the glucocorticoid receptor (gr mRNA), which is spread as granular structures throughout the central ooplasm. At the 1-cell stage (0.2 hpf), this transcript is relocated by streamers in the blastodisc area and equally partitioned among blastomeres. At 15 hpf, it is replaced by the zygotic transcript. Morpholino knockdown was applied to block translation (grATG1MO or MO2-nr3c1 and grATG2MO or MO3-nr3c1) of both maternal and zygotic gr transcripts, while a missplicing morpholino (grmismMO or MO4-nr3c1) was used to block post-transcriptionally the zygotic transcript alone. MO2-nr3c1 and MO3-nr3c1 (but not MO4-nr3c1) treatment produced craniofacial and caudal malformations in 1-dpf embryos and 5-dpf larvae, which were also affected by pericardial oedema, persistent yolk sac, reduced subintestinal veins, altered neurogenesis and uninflated swim bladder. Such effects were rescued with trout gr2 mRNA. Pangenomic microarray analysis revealed that 114 and 37 highly expressed transcripts were up- and down-regulated, respectively, by maternal GR protein deficiency in 5-hpf embryos. Similar alterations were found at 10 hpf. These effects were confirmed by real-time PCR of 2 up- (casp8, grp1 and igf2a) and 1 down-regulated transcripts (mcm6) evaluated at 4, 8 and 12 hpf. As the contents of transcripts were modified already at 4 hpf, it seems that the lack of GR affects both ways the molecular machinery for the degradation of maternal mRNAs. These results indicate that the maternal gr transcript participates in the maternal programming of zebrafish development. MO2-nr3c1 morphants were compared with MO2-nr3c1-5m morphants at 5 hpf and 10 hpf. MO2-nr3c1 morphants were compared with wild type (WT) at 5 hpf and 10 hpf. MO2-nr3c1 is a morpholino selected to knockdown translation of gr mRNA. MO2-nr3c1-5m is a specific control morpholino.
Project description:Mature stage 14 oocytes prior to egg activation were isolated from wild type Oregon Red fly cultures by a combined blender/ sieving method which allows specific and efficient enrichment of stage 14 oocytes. Total RNA was extracted from 4 replicate collections and submitted to Affymetrix microarray hybridisation.