Pathogens interaction with a host plant starts a set of immune responses that result in complex changes in gene expression and plant physiology. Light is an important modulator of plant defense response and recent studies have evidenced the novel influence of this environmental stimulus in the virulence of several bacterial pathogens. Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri is the bacterium responsible for citrus canker disease, which affects most citrus cultivars. The ability of this bacterium to coloni ...[more]
Project description:Potato genotypes from a diploid potato population were divided in two groups based on their response to Potato virus A (PVA). Plants exhibiting hypersensitive response were compared to plants exhibiting non-necrotic response (i.e. blocking virus movement without cell death).<br>The comparisons were made before inoculation and 12 and 24 hours post-inoculation.<br>
Project description:There is currently little information on which trancription factors control the expression of defence genes in response to herbivory in Arabidopsis thaliana. We performed a whole-genome analysis of Arabidopsis plants after feeding by Spodoptera littoralis larvae. Wild-type and knockout mutants in different insect-inducible transcription factors were either untreated (control plants) or challenged for 8 days with S. littoralis larvae (insect challenged plants).
Project description:We compared the transcriptional profile of primary cultured fibroblasts obtained from four patients carrying ALMS1 mutation with a pool of primary cultured fibroblasts obtained from three healthy individuals. Gene expression was determined using comparative hybridization perfomed on MicroCRIBI Human Oligonucleotide slides (A-MAXD-4).
Project description:Samples were taken at 7, 14 and 24 days post infection (dpi). Two treatments were considered: infection with R. fascians D188-5 that is non virulent (control) and infections with the virulent D188 strain.
Project description:Eutypa dieback is a vascular disease that may severely affect vineyards throughout the world. In the present work, microarrays analysis were made in order (i) to improve our knowledge of grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Cabernet-Sauvignon) responses to Eutypa lata, the causal agent of Eutypa dieback and (ii) to identify genes that may prevent symptom development. Qiagen/Operon grapevine microarrays bearing 14,500 probes were used to compare between three experimental conditions (in vitro, greenhouse, vineyard), foliar material of infected symptomatic plants (S+R+), infected asymptomatic plants (S-R+), and healthy plants (S-R-). These plants were characterized by symptoms notation after natural (vineyard) or experimental (in vitro, greenhouse) infection, re-isolation of the fungus located in the lignified parts, and the formal identification of E. lata mycelium by PCR. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR experiments were run to confirm the expression of some genes of interest in response to E. lata. Their expression profiles were also studied in response to other grapevine pathogens (E. necator, P. viticola, B. cinerea). (i) Five functional categories including metabolism, defense reactions, interaction with environment, transport and transcription were up-regulated in S+R+ plants compared to S-R- plants. These genes, which cannot prevent infection and symptom development, are not specific since they were also upregulated after infection by powdery mildew, downy mildew and black rot. (ii) Most of the genes that may prevent symptom development are associated with the light phase of photosynthesis. This finding is discussed in the context of previous data on the mode of action of eutypin and Eutypa secreted polypeptide fraction.