Biological question :
Rhizomania ("crazy root") is a severe disease of sugar beet caused by beet necrotic yellow vein virus (BNYVV), which is transmitted by the soil-inhabiting fungus Polymyxa betae. Symptoms of virus infection are characterized by a constricted tap root and a massive proliferation of fine rootlets that often undergo necrosis. BNYVV RNA-3 encodes a 25 kDa (p25) which is an important determinant of leaf symptom phenotype. It also governs BNYVV invasion of the plant root system and induction of rootlet proliferation in sugar beet.
In order to obtain a better understanding of molecular aspects of disease development in roots and to characterize specific host genes involved in response to viral infection, transgenic Arabidopsis overexpressors of p25 viral protein was obtained and better characterized. It was shown that transgenic plants that efficiently expressed p25 protein produced more lateral roots.
Comparative analysis (microarray) was performed between wild type Arabidopsis roots and transgenic Arabidopsis roots expressing p25 protein, in order to identify Arabidopsis genes differentially expressed in response to p25 viral protein.
Seeds were surface sterilized, chilled at 4C for 4 days, and then germinated and grown on square Petri plates containing sterilized Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium with 1% sucrose. Such stock plates were arranged vertically in plastic racks and placed into growth chamber. After 5 days, plants were transferred carefully onto fresh MS medium big round plates. On each plate, 60 Wild Type (WT) plantlets were transferred on the half right of the plate, and 60 transgenic plantlets (B, E or T lines) were transferred on the half left of the plate. Plates were arranged horizontally and placed into growth chamber.
Experiment 1 : 5 plates containing WT0A control plants and B0A transgenic plants.
Experiment 2 : 5 plates containing WT1 control plants and B transgenic plants.
5 plates containing WT2 control plants and E transgenic plants.
5 plates containing WT3 control plants and T transgenic plants.
Plants were harvested after 7 days (experiment 1) or 12 days (experiment 2), and WT roots or transgenic roots were pooled and conserved at -80C.
INSTRUMENT(S): Axon GenePix 4000A scanning hardware
ORGANISM(S): Arabidopsis thaliana
SUBMITTER: Ludivine Taconnat
Molecular immunology 20050112 10
The Mycobacterium marinum-zebrafish infection model was used in this study for analysis of a host transcriptome response to mycobacterium infection at the organismal level. RNA isolated from adult zebrafish that showed typical signs of fish tuberculosis due to a chronic progressive infection with M. marinum was compared with RNA from healthy fish in microarray analyses. Spotted oligonucleotide sets (designed by Sigma-Compugen and MWG) and Affymetrix GeneChips were used, in total comprising 45,46 ...[more]