Transcription profiling of human nasal brushing cells from 19 cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and 19 healthy controls
ABSTRACT: We have compared gene expression in human nasal brushing cells from 19 cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and 19 healthy controls using a 5.2K cDNA microarray. Our aim is to identify new disease biomarkers for the Cystic Fibrosis Gene Therapy Consortium. These markers will be used to report more effectively on the response to the administration of gene therapy in vivo. Cystic Fibrosis is a recessive genetic disease caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis conductance regulator (CFTR) gene which encodes a chloride ion channel. The most common mutation is the ∆F508 mutation, present on 70% of CF chromosomes in Caucasian populations. The disease affects many organs in the body such as the pancreas, liver, sweat glands, small intestine and reproductive tracts but is most commonly associated with progressive, inflammatory lung disease. The current average life expectancy of CF patients is 35 years. Gene therapy is being developed as a treatment for CF airway disease, however, means of measuring the efficiency and efficacy of gene therapy in vivo are lacking. This is mainly due to the difficulty in measuring the chloride conductance of CFTR in cells and tissues. Furthermore, clinical assays for measuring improvements in lung function are insensitive. Surrogate markers of inflammation and CFTR function will therefore be important for the effective assessment of gene therapy in vivo. We have analysed gene expression in human nasal epithelium as this is considered an accessible surrogate for the conducting airways where disease manifests in the majority of patients. Additionally, this tissue will be sampled in clinical trials.
Project description:Direct comparison of gene expression in 13.5dpc embryonic gonad/mesonephros between male Mrotm1H/Mrotm1H mice and male wild-type littermates. Two independent pools of 10 gonads (5 mice) were compared on 4 microarrays (two colourswaps).
Project description:C3H/HeH females were mated with 101/H males<br><br>Mating was assessed by the presence of vaginal plugs the next morning. Identification of plug was designated day 0.5.<br><br> <br><br>At 8.5 days of development the dam was culled by cervical dislocation, the uterine horns disscted and placed into PBS. The uterus was dissected to release decuduae and these opened according to standard protocols. Morphologically normal looking embryos of between 4 and 6 somites were collected. The left and right lateral plates were dissected away with watchmakers forceps and pools of 4 left and 4 right lateral plates were snap frozen in LN2.
Project description:We have established Drosophila melanogaster as a model system for ocular hypertension by expressing wild-type human myocilin (MYOC) in the Drosophila eye. Here, we have created transgenic flies that express four clinically relevant mutant forms of MYOC (R342K, Q368X, D380N and K423E) in their eyes using the gmr-Gal4/UAS binary system. We compare and identify human glaucoma candidate genes based on the transcription profiles of flies that express wt-MYOC or mutant-MYOCs.
Project description:We investigate the relevance of RNA integrity in gene expression analysis as well as analysis methods to accommodate the possible effects of degradation using paired tumour and normal samples from colorectal cancer patients undergoing colonic resection.
Project description:In order to study the physiological consequences of a high-copper diet on hepatic gene expression, 6 mM CuCl2 was added to the drinking water for a period of 1 month. After this period, livers of seven control mice and eight copper-treated mice were isolated and were subjected to microarray analysis and copper measurements. The hepatic gene expression profile of copper-treated mice was compared to non-treated mice using a pooled reference.
Project description:Nine time points for microarray analysis were chosen to study early and late transcriptional responses in copper metabolism upon copper overload in HepG2 cells. Samples of copper-treated cells were hybridized using non-treated samples as a reference.