Dataset Information


Transcription profiling of fusiform cambial and ray cambial cells from poplar trees

ABSTRACT: (paper abstract) Wood is a renewable resource that serves as a sustainable raw material for energy, fuels and materials. A basic understanding of the cambial meristem and the origin of wood cells is critical for forest tree molecular breeding to increase the availability of woody raw materials. Gene expression per cell type in the cambium of poplar (Populus trichocarpa x P. deltoïdes cultivar Boelare) was investigated using poplar microarray. Cells were hand microdissected from lyophilized sections of vascular cambial zone sampled in growing poplar. Two cell types were isolated, fusiform cambial cells (FCCs) and ray cambial cells (RCCs). Results showed about one thousand genes differentially expressed per cell type. Microarray expression results were validated by a second cell sampling used for reverse northern dot blot and RT-PCR analysis. RCCs revealed specific photosynthetic competences involving at least 35 genes of the photosystems. RCCs revealed also a marked difference for intercellular transport involving notably aquaporin genes. Distinct classes of cell-wall related genes were detected in RCCs and FCCs. A candidate xyloglucan endotransglycosylase showed to be upregulated and highly expressed in FCCs and an extensin family gene was also very highly expressed in these cells. A candidate polygalacturonase was strikingly expressed specifically in RCCs. A marked expression of cytoskeleton genes was also reported for FCCs where profilin family genes were very highly expressed. Related to cell signaling and regulation, one of the most intriguing result was the observation of LAX1 gene specificity in FCCs whereas PIN genes were expressed in both cell types.

INSTRUMENT(S): G2565AA DNA microarray scanner [Agilent]

ORGANISM(S): Populus trichocarpa x Populus deltoides  

SUBMITTER: Björn Sundberg   Marie-Claude Lesage-Descauses  Ewa J Mellerowicz  Philippe LABEL  Elisabeth Magel  Nadia Goué 

PROVIDER: E-MEXP-794 | ArrayExpress | 2008-06-30


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