Transcription profiling of homozygous Commd1 null mouse embryos to elucidate the underlying mechanism leading to embryonic lethality
ABSTRACT: A gene expression study using microarray analysis was performed to elucidate the underlying mechanism leading to embryonic lethality in homozygous Commd1 null (Commd1-/-) mouse embryos. A gene expression profile of 9.5 dpc Commd1-/- embryos were generated and were compared to a gene expression profile of both 8.5 dpc and 9.5 dpc normal embryos.
INSTRUMENT(S): G2565BA DNA microarray scanner [Agilent]
COMMD1 (previously known as MURR1) belongs to a novel family of proteins termed the copper metabolism gene MURR1 domain (COMMD) family. The 10 COMMD family members are well conserved between vertebrates, but the functions of most of the COMMD proteins are unknown. We recently established that COMMD1 is associated with the hepatic copper overload disorder copper toxicosis in Bedlington terriers. Recent in vitro studies indicate that COMMD1 has multiple functions, including sodium transport and NF ...[more]
Project description:In order to study the physiological consequences of a high-copper diet on hepatic gene expression, 6 mM CuCl2 was added to the drinking water for a period of 1 month. After this period, livers of seven control mice and eight copper-treated mice were isolated and were subjected to microarray analysis and copper measurements. The hepatic gene expression profile of copper-treated mice was compared to non-treated mice using a pooled reference.
Project description:Nine time points for microarray analysis were chosen to study early and late transcriptional responses in copper metabolism upon copper overload in HepG2 cells. Samples of copper-treated cells were hybridized using non-treated samples as a reference.
Project description:RNA was isolated from dissected ventral midbrains of E14.5 Pitx3-/- and Pitx3+/+ mouse embryos. 3 Experimental samples each consisting of 3 Pitx3-/- ventral midbrains were hybridized to reference RNA derived from 10 Pitx3+/+ ventral midbrains
Project description:Identification of Hox gene downstream genes at embryonic stages 11 and 12<br><br>Functional diversification of body parts is dependent on the formation of specialized structures along the various body axes. In animals, region-specific morphogenesis along the anterior-posterior axis is controlled by a group of conserved transcription factors encoded by the Hox genes. Although it has long been assumed that Hox proteins carry out their function by regulating distinct sets of downstream genes, only a small number of such genes have been found, with very few having direct roles in controlling cellular behavior. We have quantitatively identified hundreds of Hox downstream genes in Drosophila by microarray analysis, and validated many of them by in situ hybridizations on loss- and gain-of-function mutants. One important finding is that Hox proteins, despite their similar DNA binding properties in vitro, have highly specific effects on the transcriptome in vivo, as expression of many downstream genes responds primarily to a single Hox protein. In addition, a large fraction of downstream genes encodes realizator functions, which directly affect morphogenetic processes, such as orientation and rate of cell divisions, cell-cell adhesion and communication, cell shape and migration, or cell death. Focusing on these realizators, we provide a framework for the morphogenesis of the maxillary segment. Since the genomic organization of Hox genes and the interaction of Hox proteins with specific cofactors are conserved in vertebrates and invertebrates, and similar classes of downstream genes are regulated by Hox proteins across the metazoan phylogeny, our findings represent a first step towards a mechanistic understanding of morphological diversification within a species as well as between species.
Project description:Exponentially growing Sulfolobus acidocaldarius were treated with NaAc to generate replication runout and arrest in G2 phase. The cells were then resuspended in fresh acetate-free media which generates a synchronous population. Samples for investigation of gene expression change were taken during the synchronised populations progress through the cell cycle.