RNAseq of combined LUAD and SCLC tumors to look at gene expression changes
ABSTRACT: For in-depth characterization of neuroendocrine transformation, we analyzed clinical specimens consisting of combined lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD)/small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) histology exhibiting clear spatial separation. Microdissection was performed for RNA sequencing.
Project description:We report that the phytoestrogen genistein acts as a tissue-specific androgen receptor modulator in mouse using a novel androgen reporter mouse line and gene expression profiling. Genistein is a partial androgen agonist/antagonist in prostate, brain, and testis but not in skeletal muscle or lung. Gene expression profiling has been done from prostates of intact and castrated male mice treated with genistein or vehicle. Gene expression profiling was also done from prostates of estradiol-treated intact male mice. Gene expression profiling from prostates of castrated and intact male mice after 5-day genistein- or vehicle-treatment or after 4-day estradiol- or vehicle-treatment.
Project description:Analysis of DNA methylation in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis/preoptic area and striatum in response to perinatal testosterone exposure. The hypothesis tested was that treatment of females with testosterone on the day of birth would lead to masculinization of the methylome in adulthood. There were three experimental groups: males, females, and females treated with T on the day of birth. The methylation patterns in each group was determined using reduced representation bisulfite sequencing. Two brain regions and two time points (day 4 and day 60) were surveyed in each group. Each biological replicate is a pool of tissue from three animals.
Project description:All above ground organs of higher plants are ultimately derived from shoot apical meristems (SAMs). The SAM exhibits distinctive structural organization, and monocot SAMs such as maize are comprised of two cell layers, a single cell layered tunica (L1) and a corpus (L2). Although recent research has revealed roles of these cell layers in the SAM, intra- and inter-cell-layer signaling networks involved in organ development remain largely unknown except for a few differentially expressed genes. Here, we used Illumnia technology to conduct RNA-seq of L1 and L2 cell layers in maize B73 maize shoot apical meristem. Single sequencing library was constructed for L1 and L2 cell layer. Each library was sequenced using 2 lanes on a Solexa flow cell. Processed data file 'ZmB73_4a.53_filtered_genes.fasta' and its README file are linked below as supplementary files. The fasta file contains the gene model ID and corresponding sequence generated from maize genome project. This fasta file was used for the following samples: GSM418173, GSM418174, GSM420173, GSM420174, GSM422828, GSM422829.
Project description:Heart failure affects 2–3% of adult Western population. Prevalence of heart failure with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (HFpEF) increases. Studies suggest HFpEF patients to have altered myocardial structure and functional changes such as incomplete relaxation and increased cardiac stiffness. We hypothesised that patients undergoing elective coronary bypass surgery (CABG) with HFpEF characteristics will show distinctive gene expression compared to patients with normal LV physiology. Myocardial biopsies for mRNA expression analysis were obtained from sixteen patients with LV ejection fraction ≥ 45%. Five out of 16 patients (31%) had echocardiographic characteristics and increased NTproBNP levels indicative of HFpEF and this group was used as HFpEF proxy, while 11 patients had Normal LV physiology. Utilising principal component analysis, the gene expression data clustered into two groups, corresponding to HFpEF proxy and Normal physiology, and 743 differentially expressed genes were identified. The associated top biological functions were cardiac muscle contraction, oxidative phosphorylation, cellular remodelling and matrix organisation. Our results also indicate that upstream regulatory events, including inhibition of transcription factors STAT4, SRF and TP53, and activation of transcription repressors HEY2 and KDM5A, could provide explanatory mechanisms to observed gene expression differences and ultimately cardiac dysfunction in the HFpEF proxy group. <br> Sequencing data from clinical patients fall under GDPR regulations of sharing of personal data and will be made available through EGA-SE.
Project description:Effect of induced Methylation on Nucleosome positioning in yeast. Mnase digested DNA from a control strain and a strain expressing the 4 murine DNMTs were extracted and sequenced on a hiseq 2000
Project description:Effect of induced Methylation on Nucleosome positioning in yeast. Mnase digested DNA from a control strain, a strain expressing the 4 murine DNMTs or a strain expressing catalytically inactive murine DNMTs were extracted and sequenced on a hiseq 2000
Project description:H3K27ac and H4K5ac ChIPseq in WT and Hdac3-/- mESCs in order to determine the role of Hdac3 on the activity of cis-regulatory elements during differentiation.<br>This experiment is part of the study: "Mechanistic framework of lineage restriction in embryonic stem cells" by Olivieri et al.
Project description:Background: Microorganisms are the major cause of food spoilage during storage, processing and distribution. Pseudomonas fluorescens is a typical spoilage bacterium that contributes to a large extent to the spoilage process of proteinaceous food. RpoS is considered an important global regulator involved in stress survival and virulence in many pathogens. Our previous work revealed that RpoS contributed to the spoilage activities of P. fluorescens by regulating resistance to different stress conditions, extracellular acylated homoserine lactone (AHL) levels, extracellular protease and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) production. However, RpoS-dependent genes in P. fluorescens remained undefined. Results: RNA-seq transcriptomics analysis combined with quantitative proteomics analysis basing on multiplexed isobaric tandem mass tag (TMT) labeling was performed for the P. fluorescens wild-type strain UK4 and its derivative carrying a rpoS mutation. A total of 375 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 212 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified in these two backgrounds. The DGEs were further verified by qRT-PCR tests, and the genes directly regulated by RpoS were confirmed by 5’-RACE-PCR sequencing. The combining transcriptome and proteome analysis revealed a role of this regulator in several cellular processes, including polysaccharide metabolism, intracellular secretion and extracellular structures, cell well biogenesis, stress responses, ammonia and biogenic amine production, which may contribute to biofilm formation, stress resistance and spoilage activities of P. fluorescens. Moreover, in this work we indeed observed that RpoS contributed to the production of the macrocolony biofilm’s matrix.