Transcription profiling by array of six different potato cultivars grown in two different locations and harvested in two different years
ABSTRACT: Food safety evaluation of new, genetically modified (GM) plant varieties has led to basic questions regarding the safety assessment of new plant varieties and whole foods derived thereof. An important part of the hazard identification in the European approach is a targeted compositional analysis of new GM plant varieties compared to one or more conventional reference varieties. Comparative analysis will become much more informative with unbiased analytical approaches, such as omics profiling. Analysis tools that estimate the similarity of new varieties to the reference would in turn greatly facilitate hazard identification. Further in-depth biological, functional and eventually toxicological analysis of the data would then only be necessary for varieties that fall outside the scale of those with a history of safe human consumption. For this purpose, the use of a one-class classifier tool was explored in this study to assess and classify transcriptome profiles of potato varieties. Five potato varieties were grown in the Netherlands during the same year (NL samples) and included four biological replicates for four varieties or two biological replicates for the fifth one. They were all analysed in 2011. A sixth variety was grown in the UK in a previous study and a previous year, for which the data are submitted in E-MTAB-605. The two UK samples were analysed in the original study in 2008 and again together with the NL samples in the present study, resulting in four profiles for two samples.
Project description:The effect of light during the development of freezing tolerance was studied in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L. var. Mv Emese) and spring wheat variety Nadro. Ten-day-old plants were cold hardened at 5°C for 12 days either under normal (250 mmol m-2 s-1) or low light (20 mmol m-2 s-1) conditions. Samples of Emese (E) and Nadro (N) plants grown at 18°C under normal (NL) and low (LL) light fluences were compared to each other in a simple loop design and E-NL vs. E-LL; N-NL vs. N-LL; E-NL vs. NLL and E-LL vs. N-LL comparisons were made.
Project description:Gene-specific two-way ANOVA analysis for identification of candidate genes for processing quality, seed development, and interaction (quality x development) Gene expression data of two good chapatti making varieties, C306 and Lok1 and two poor chapatti making varieties, sonalika and WH291 at three seed development stages (7, 14, and 28 days after anthesis) were analyzed using gene-specific two-way ANOVA to parition varition in gene expression due to quality, seed development, and their interaction (quality x development).
Project description:We performed a broad-spectrum microarray analysis using mRNA from 3 NL and 5 DS astrocyte cultures. The microarray output was validated for several genes To explore the relation between gene expression and potential oxidative stress in DS samples, we also evaluated the transcription profile in NL astrocytes subjected to mild oxidative stress (50µM H2O2 for 24 hr). Samples of total mRNA from NL cultures non treated (NT), normal cultures treated with H2O2 (T), DS cultures NT and DS cultures T were included in the arrays.
Project description:Information about protein expression in rice grain across both pigmented and non-pigmented rice varieties is still relatively scarce. The data provided here represent proteomic data obtained from selected 6 Malaysian local rice varieties with varying pigmentations (black, red and white). The selected pigmented rice varieties such as black (BALI and Pulut hitam 9) and red rice (MRQ100 and MRM16) have shown high antioxidant activities and non-pigmented rice (MRQ76 and MR297) contain amino acid and micronutrient contents. This project aimed to obtain global protein expression profile as well as differential protein expression between the selected pigmented and non-pigmented rice varieties particularly proteins with their functions responsible for nutritional (i.e. antioxidant, folate and low glycaemic index) and quality (i.e. aromatic) traits. Integration of this proteomics dataset with other available in-house omics data could facilitate the identification of significant functional markers related to nutritional and quality traits. Total proteins were prepared from dehusked matured seeds harvested from three different rice plants of each variety (3 protein samples per variety). The proteins were trypsin digested before subjected to SWATH-MS proteomics analysis. Proteins were identified by matching tandem mass (MS/MS) spectra from both 1D and 2D IDA to Oryza sativa japonica and indica rice databases available at UniProt by using ProteinPilot software (v4.2) (AB Sciex). Quantification of proteins was carried out by determining protein peak areas extracted from SWATH analysis data sets using PeakView (v2.1) (AB Sciex) software. Differentially expressed protein between varieties were identified using T-test analysis with a set threshold for fold change ± 1.5 and p‐value < 0.05.
Project description:The green peach aphid, Myzus persicae, is one of the most threatening pests in pepper cultivation and growers would benefit from resistant varieties. Previously, we identified two Capsicum accessions as susceptible and three as resistant to M. persicae using an aphid population originating from the Netherlands (NL). Later on we identified an aphid population originating from a different geographical region (Switserland, SW) that was virulent on all tested Capsicum accessions. The objective of the current work is to describe in detail different aspects of the interaction between two aphid populations and two selected Capsicum accessions (one that was susceptible [PB2013046] and one that was resistant [PB2013071] to population NL), including biochemical processes involved. Electrical penetration graph (EPG) recordings showed similar feeding activities for both aphid populations on PB2013046. On accession PB2013071 the aphid population SW was able to devote significantly more time to phloem ingestion than population NL. We also studied plant defense response and found that plants of accession PB2013046 could not induce an accumulation of reactive oxygen species and callose formation after infestation with either aphid population. However, plants of PB2013071 induced a stronger defense response after infestation by population NL than after infestation by population SW. Based on these results, population SW of M. persicae seems to have overcome the resistance of PB2013071 that prevented feeding of aphids from NL population. The potential mechanism by which SW population overcomes the resistance is discussed.
Project description:Background:Many tilapia species or varieties have been widely introduced and have become an economically important food fish in China. Information on the genetic backgrounds of these populations is deficient and requires more research, especially for red tilapia strains. Methods:In the present study, displacement loop (D-loop) sequences were used to evaluate the genetic relationship and diversity of seven tilapia populations that are widely cultured in China; this was done specifically to speculate on the maternal ancestry of red tilapia strains. Three red tilapia varieties of Oreochromis ssp., Taiwan (TW), Israel (IL), and Malaysia (MY) strains and other populations, including O. aureus (AR), O. niloticus (NL), O. mossambicus (MS), and the GIFT strain of O. niloticus, were collected and analyzed in this study. Results:A total of 146 polymorphic sites and 32 haplotypes of D-loop sequences were detected among 332 fish and four major haplotypes were shared among the populations. The TW and NL populations had a greater number of haplotypes (20 and 8, respectively). The haplotype diversity (Hd) and nucleotide diversity (?) of each population ranged from 0.234 to 0.826, and 0 to 0.060, respectively. The significant positive Tajima's D value of neutral test were detected in the NL, IL, and MY populations (P < 0.05), which indicated these populations might have not experienced historical expansion. According to the pairwise F-statistics, highly significant genetic differentiations were detected among populations (P < 0.01), with the exception of the IL and MY populations (P > 0.05). The nearest K2P genetic distance (D = 0.014) was detected between the MS and TW populations, whereas, the farthest (D = 0.101) was found between the GIFT and AR populations. The results from the molecular variance analysis (AMOVA) showed that there was an extremely significant genetic variation observed among the populations (P < 0.01), which contained 63.57% of the total variation. In view of the genetic relationship of red tilapia strains with other populations, TW and IL were detected with more similar genetic structures related to MS, and MY was more genetically similar to GIFT (or NL), which could provide more genetic evidence for the red tilapia strains maternal ancestry.
Project description:Two varieties of Alfalfa plants (potato leaf hopper resistance line and sensitive line, provided by Forage Genetics International, West Salem, WI, USA) were selected to compare their transcriptomics in order to discover the mechanism of potato leaf hopper resistance in the resistant line.
Project description:The aim of this study was to analyze potential brown planthopper (BPH) resistant genes in Rathu Heenati (RHT) by Affymetrix whole rice genome array,BPH susceptible and resistant rice varieties of TN1（Taichung Native 1）as control. All the resistant related genes derived from RHT will be analyzed according to the SSR markers interval flanked on the chromosome 3, 4, 6 and 10. It will be benefit to the gene clone and marker assistant breeding for Bph3 gene in the near future. We used microarrays to detail the global differential gene expression before and after brown planthopper attack in two different varieties, and identified distinct classes of high enriched genes induced by BPH or constituent in RHT The 2nd to 3rd instar nymphs of BPH were transferred to tillering stage seedings (10 BPH nymphs per plant) in a box covered with nylon-mesh. Stems of the rice plant infected by BPH were collected at 0h (T0), 8h (T8), 24h (T24) after BPH attack, total RNA were extracted for the microarray hybirdlization.
Project description:For decades the tobacco plant has served as a model organism in plant biology to answer fundamental biological questions in the areas of plant development, physiology, and genetics. Due to the lack of sufficient coverage of genomic sequences, however, none of the expressed sequence tag (EST)-based chips developed to date cover gene expression from the whole genome. The availability of Tobacco Genome Initiative (TGI) sequences provides a useful resource to build a whole genome exon array, even if the assembled sequences are highly fragmented. Here, the design of a Tobacco Exon Array is reported and an application to improve the understanding of genes regulated by cadmium (Cd) in tobacco is described. From the analysis and annotation of the 1,271,256 Nicotiana tabacum fasta and quality files from methyl filtered genomic survey sequences (GSS) obtained from the TGI and ~56,000 ESTs available in public databases, an exon array with 272,342 probesets was designed (four probes per exon) and tested on two selected tobacco varieties. Two tobacco varieties out of 45 accumulating low and high cadmium in leaf were identified based on the GGE biplot analysis, which is analysis of the genotype main effect (G) plus analysis of the genotype by environment interaction (GE) of eight field trials (four fields over two years) showing reproducibility across the trials. The selected varieties were grown under greenhouse conditions in two different soils and subjected to exon array analyses using root and leaf tissue to understand the genetic make-up of the Cd accumulation. An Affymetrix Exon Array was developed to cover a large (~90%) proportion of the tobacco gene space. The Tobacco Exon Array will be available for research use through the Affymetrix array catalogue. As a proof of the exon array usability, we have demonstrated that the Tobacco Exon Array is a valuable tool for studying Cd accumulation in tobacco leaves. Data from field and greenhouse experiments supported by gene expression studies strongly suggested that the difference in leaf Cd accumulation between the two specific tobacco cultivars is dependent solely on genetic factors and genetic variability rather than on the environment. 22 samples were used with 3 different experimental factors:  2 different tissues (leaves and roots/lateral),  2 different mutations (V5 and V21), and  2 different stimuli (Soil 1 and Soil 2). 2-3 biological replicates were used. One sample did not pass QC and is not included in this submission.