Comparative genomic hybridization by array of genomic DNA from 18 cases of EBV+ DLBCL, 21 cases of EBV- DLBCL, and 13 cases of nonneoplastic tonsillar tissue
ABSTRACT: Copy number analysis was performed on EBV+ DLBCL samples compared with EBV- DLBCL. We analyzed the genomic DNA from 18 cases of EBV+ DLBCL, 21 cases of EBV- DLBCL, and 13 cases of nonneoplastic tonsillar tissues using OncoScan FFPE Express 2.0 (MIP). No technical replication were done.
Project description:Epstein Barr virus causes linfectious mononucleosis and establishes lifelong infection associated with cancer and autoimmune disease. To better understand immunity to EBV, we performed a prospective study of natural infection in healthy humans. These anlyses were undertaken in order to determine what gene expression changes occur as the result of primary Epstein Barr virus infection. Samples were taken both before and following acquisition of the virus for direct comparison of samples for single subjects. These data provide an important first description of the response to natural herepesvirus infection in humans. PBMC were taken before acquisition of EBV, during acute infection, and during latency
Project description:Proteomic analysis of cytokines in unstimulated oropharyngeal secretions. Epstein-barr virus (EBV) is a type 1 carcinogen which causes many cancers in humans. Here we explored the cytokine involvement of the EBV replication process in the oropharynx. Cytokine interactomic profiles were geneerated to understand the involved signalling pathways in HIV infected group and the healthy group. Proteome profilers were used to understand the major cytokine expression levels that are related to infection and immune regulation. We analyzed unstimulated oropharyngeal samples (UOPS) from 42 healthy subjects and 72 HIV positive subjects using the R & D Proteome Profiler array panels. No techinical replicates were performed. 14 samples in HIV group without therapy (NHAART group); 58 HIV patients with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART group); 42 samples in healthy group
Project description:Sporadic Burkitt lymphoma (sBL) can be delineated from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) by a very homogeneous mRNA expression signature. However, it remained unclear whether all three BL variants – sBL, endemic BL (eBL) and immunodeficiency-associated BL (HIV-BL) – represent a uniform biological entity despite their differences in geographical occurrence, association with immunodeficiency and/or incidence of EBV infection. To address this issue, we generated micro RNA (miRNA) profiles from 18 eBL, 31 sBL and 15 HIV-BL cases. In addition, we analyzed the miRNA expression of 86 DLBCL to determine whether miRNA profiles recapitulate the molecular differences between BL and DLBCL evidenced by mRNA profiling. A signature of 38 miRNAs enriched in MYC regulated and NF-kB pathway associated miRNAs was obtained that differentiated BL from DLBCL. The miRNA profiles of sBL and eBL displayed only 6 differentially expressed miRNAs, whereas HIV and EBV infection had no impact on the miRNA profile of BL. In conclusion, miRNA profiling confirms that BL and DLBCL represent distinct lymphoma categories and demonstrates that the three BL variants are representatives of the same biological entity with only marginal miRNA expression differences between eBL and sBL. Archival tumor specimens of 86 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and 64 Burkitt lymphoma (BL) patients were obtained. The DLBCL samples have previously been reviewed by a panel of expert hematopathologists and their clinical data were published as part of the RiCOVER-60 trial. The diagnosis of all BL cases was confirmed by histopathology review according to the criteria of the WHO classification. Based on their geographical origin, 31 BL samples were designated as sporadic BL (sBL) and 18 samples as endemic BL (eBL). Fifteen BL cases were diagnosed as immunodeficiency-associated BL (HIV-BL). Of the 18 eBL 14 cases were EBV+ (87.5%), 2 samples were EBV- (12.5%) and for 2 eBL cases the EBV status was unknown. Of the sBL samples 26 were EBV- (86.7%), 4 cases were EBV+ (13.3%) and for 1 case the EBV status was not evaluable. Among the HIV-BL 5 (33.3%) were EBV+, whereas 10 (66.7%) were EBV-.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE15142: Copy number abnormality, MYC activity and the genetic fingerprint of normal B-cells and the microRNA profile of DLBCL-21 GSE15177: Copy number abnormality, MYC activity and the genetic fingerprint of normal B-cells and the microRNA profile of DLBCL-77 Refer to individual Series
Project description:Molecular pathogenesis of posttransplant (PT) lymphoproliferative disorder, including the most prevalent diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), is largely unknown. We have recently showed that Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)+ and EBV- PT-DLBCL are biologically different, but gene expression profile of the latter lymphoma is similar to that of immunocompetent (IC) DLBCL. To validate these findings on a genomic level, we performed array CGH analysis of 21 EBV+ and 6 EBV- PT-DLBCL, and 11 control IC-DLBCL. Genomic and transcriptomic data were subsequently integrated. Notably, EBV+ and EBV- PT-DLBCL revealed only one shared recurrent imbalance, while EBV- PT-DLBCL displayed at least 10 aberrations recurrent in IC-DLBCL, among others gain of 3/3q and 18q, and loss of 6q23/TNFAIP3 and 9p21/CDKN2A. EBV+ PT-DLBCL showed distinct aberrations, including the most prevalent gain/amplification of 9p24.1 targeting PDCD1LG2/PDL2. Significant differential representation/expression of 3p13/FOXP1 and 9p21/CDKNA2 in EBV+ PT-DLBCL when compared with EBV- PT-/IC-DLBCL, suggests that the oncogene FOXP1 and the tumor suppressor gene CDKNA2 are not implicated in pathogenesis of EBV+ PT-DLBCL. In summary, genomic profiling of PT-/IC-DLBCL confirmed biological distinctness of EBV+ and EBV- PT-DLBCL, and relationship between EBV- PT-DLBCL and IC-DLBCL. These findings support the hypothesis that EBV- PT-DLBCL are coincidental lymphomas in transplant recipients Overall design: We performed a copy number alteration (CNA) analysis in combination with gene expression profiling of a series of thoroughly characterized PT-DLBCL and control IC-DLBCL.
Project description:Familial cases of MPN are usually transmitted by autosomal inheritance with incomplete penetrance, appear in adulthood, and demonstrate acquired genetic abnormalities that are similar to those identified in sporadic cases such as JAK2V617F and TET2 mutations. Linkage and segregation analyses indicate that genetic predisposition to MPN cannot be related to a common alteration and rather involves a number of susceptibility loci responsible for independent familial aggregations. Identification of these susceptibility loci may improve our understanding of the mechanisms of predisposition, which may result either in the induction of a genetic instability, favoring the acquisition of oncogenic mutations or corresponds to a fertile ground for selection of somatic mutations. Here, we describe a newly identified germline copy number variation (CNV) that predisposes to essential thrombocythemia (ET) which rapidly progress to myelofibrosis (MF) and MDS/AML. Using induced pluripotent stem and primary cells to explore hematopoietic differentiation, we demonstrate that overexpressed ATG2B and GSKIP enhance hematopoietic progenitor differentiation, including megakaryocytic through increasing their sensitivity to TPO. To evaluate the overexpression of ATG2B and GSKIP in patients and their role in hematopoiesis, we generated EBV cell lines from peripheral blood of patients or relatives. These cell lines were cultured in RPMI with 20% FBS. The present study concerns gene expression of EBV cell lines from patients and controls after RNA extraction (qiagen kit). Gene expression was performed in single color on Agilent8x60K v2 Human whole genome (design 039494) in replicates 15 cell lines from affected patients and 9 non affected controls).
Project description:Follicular lymphoma (FL) is one of the most common types of indolent B-cell lymphoma in Western countries. FL commonly transforms to more aggressive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) at reported frequencies between 15 - 60%. We have used microarray comparative genomic hybridisation (aCGH) at 1 Mb resolution to study copy number changes in paired tumor samples (primary FL and a subsequent tDLBCL) as well as de novo DLBCL cases to outline genetic mechanisms of transformation from follicular lymphoma to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Single hybridization per case. 21 FL, 31 transformed DLBCL, 29 de novo DLBCL (10 GC and 19 non-GC DLBCL). Tumor labelled with Cy5 and reference with Cy3. Mixture of 20 normal male or female genomic DNA was used in sex-mismatched hybridization.
Project description:In this study, we present the first comparison of global transcriptional changes taking place in canine lymphoma and human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), with particular reference to the nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-κB) pathway. Microarray data generated from lymph nodes diagnosed with canine DLBCL and healthy lymph nodes were used for differential expression analysis, co-expression analysis and pathway analysis, and compared with analysis of publicly available microarray data from human healthy and DLBCL lymph nodes. The comparisons between species at gene level were performed by mapping the probesets in canine microarrays to orthologous genes in humans and vice versa. A considerable number of differentially expressed genes between canine lymphoma and healthy lymph node samples were also found differentially expressed between human DLBCL and healthy lymph node samples. Principal component analysis (PCA) using a literature derived 120 NF-κB target gene set mapped to 199 orthologous canine array probesets and 259 human array probesets clearly separated the healthy and cancer samples in both canine and human datasets. The analysis demonstrated that for both human and canine DLBCL there is activation of the NF-κB/p65 canonical pathway rather than the alternative pathway. This has therapeutic implications for the use of specific pathway inhibitors for the treatment of DLBCL for both species and also indicates that naturally occurring canine lymphoma could be used as a model to study therapeutic strategies for human lymphoma. The model was further validated by the identification of molecular signatures that could sub-classify canine DLBCL into activated B-cell-like (ABC) or germinal centre B-cell-like (GCB) types equivalent to human subtypes. Canine DLBCL patients were recruited via the clinical oncology service of the University of Edinburgh Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies (DJA), and the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine (DMV). Lymph node biopsy samples were taken, as part of normal diagnostic procedures, from dogs newly diagnosed with lymphoma (naïve) and samples from dogs that had relapsed following standard of care CHOP chemotherapy. Only dogs with confirmed DLBCL after pathological grading were used in this study. This included standard histopathological grading by two independent pathologists and CD3/PAX5 marker analysis. Normal lymph node samples were obtained from canines that were euthanized for non-lymphoma conditions. Microarray data were generated from 35 canine samples (25 DLBCL and 10 healthy) in total. However, data from 2 canine DLBCL samples did not meet our required quality and were removed from further analysis. Only data from 33 (23 DLBCL and 10 healthy) samples were used for analysis. The generated data were used for differential expression analysis, co-expression analysis and pathway analysis, and compared with analysis of publicly available microarray data (GSE12195) from human healthy and DLBCL lymph nodes. The comparisons between species at gene level were performed by mapping the probesets in canine microarrays to orthologous genes in humans and vice versa.
Project description:EBV-positive cell lines were assayed for expression of EBV miRNAs. The names of the miRNAs are from miRBase from Fall 2007. Microarray probes are tandem complements of the mature miRNA sequence. We assayed Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), Nasopharyngeal carcinoma, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD), primary effusion lymphoma, and lymphoblastoid cell lines. We also assayed primary B cells that were infected with the B95-8 strain of EBV, which was found to express EBV miRNAs as early as 20 hours post infection. We have found PTLD and BLs from HIV-positive donors both express EBV miRNAs. These types of cell lines have not previously been found to express viral miRNAs. We have found that cells that support type I and type II latency express only the BART miRNAs, whereas cells that support type III latency express BART and BHRF1 miRNAs. Furthermore, BL cell lines that spontaneously lose EBV express levels of the viral miRNAs that are at least 5-fold lower than cell lines that do not lose EBV. Overall design: In total, 48 samples have been assayed and included in this study. EBV-negative control samples are not included in this data set, but raw and processed data may be requested from the contributors. These EBV-negative cell lines include the Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines, BJAB and Akata-negative, the gastric carcinoma cell line, AGS, and uninfected primary B cells. Of the 48 samples, we have assayed 22 different EBV-positive cell lines and 4 different time points after infection of primary B cells with EBV. Replicates of the majority of cell lines is included in this data set. Replicates are from independent RNA isolations that were then hybridized to individual microarrays.