Transcription profiling by array of Physcomitrella patens Gransden strain at gametophore stages under cold stress
ABSTRACT: Temperature reduction is a common environmental stress for plants. Land plants need to cope with cold stress on the basis of complex transcriptional and metabolic changes. The transcriptional responses and signaling networks that contribute to cold acclimation of seed plants have been analyzed previously. Here, we present the whole-genome transcriptomic cold stress response of the model moss species Physcomitrella patens as the representative of an early diverged lineage of haploid-dominant and poikilohydric land plants On the basis of time-series microarray experiments we characterized transcriptomic changes related to early stress signaling and the initiation of cold-acclimatory mechanisms, and as secondary effects, of dehydration and oxidative stress.
The whole-genome transcriptomic cold stress response of the moss Physcomitrella patens was analyzed and correlated with phenotypic and metabolic changes. Based on time-series microarray experiments and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, we characterized the transcriptomic changes related to early stress signaling and the initiation of cold acclimation. Transcription-associated protein (TAP)-encoding genes of P. patens and Arabidopsis thaliana were classified using generalized line ...[more]
Project description:Transcription profiling of Physcomitrella patens Reute strain gametophore, mature sporophyte and spore stage. These samples are part of an large-scale expression data set for the model moss Physcomitrella patens.
Project description:In dairy ruminants transcriptome profiling has enabled the identification of genes, pathways and regulatory networks activated in mammary tissues during experimental infection by various pathogens, including E. coli, S. aureus and S. uberis. Information in goats are still low and many host-pathogen interaction mechanisms have to be explained. The objectives of the present study were (1) to identify the network of genes that becomes activated in caprine blood and milk somatic cells in early response towards a S. aureus challenge in order to better understand the local and sistemic response and (2) to search any difference in this immune response by using two animal groups belonging to a caprine reference family established based on founders with adverse SCC breeding values. Udders from ten healthy French Alpine goats were infected with S. aureus and samples of blood and milk cells were collected at 0, 24 and 30 hours after infection. Alterations in the transcriptome profile were investigated using a custom bovine DNA microarray containing 43.822 unique gene probes.
Project description:We studied the global transcription profiling of mouse upon colonization with Bifidobacterium bifidum PRL2010 by using DNA microarrays. Two groups of mice consisting each of two animals were orally inoculated with either 109 CFU of PRL2010 cells (test strain) or water (control). Animals were 3 months old female BALB/c mice. Bacterial colonization was established by five consecutive daily administrations using a micropipette tip placed immediately behind the incisors.
Project description:In this study, we investigated the transcriptome of Bifidobacterium bifidum PRL2010 during in vitro growth by micro array technology. When B. bifidum PRL2010 was grown in liquid broth, 425 of the 1644 PRL2010 genes represented on the array were expressed in at least one of the three investigated growth phases, i.e., lag-, exponential and stationary phase. These transcriptional analyses identified a core in vitro transcriptome encompassing 150 genes, which resulted expressed in all phases. A proportion of the latter genes were further investigated as potential reference genes by Quantitative Real Time PCR (qRT-PCR) assays. Their expression stability was evaluated under different growth conditions, encompassing cultivation on different carbon sources, exposure to environmental stresses (thermal, acidic and osmotic) and growth phases. Our analyses validated six reference genes suitable for normalizing mRNA expression levels in qRT-PCR experiments applied to bifidobacteria. Transcriptional profiling of B.bifidum PRL2010 at different growth phases (lag phase, early exponential phase, late exponential phase, early stationary phase).
Project description:A wide range of environmental stresses lead to an elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plant cells thus resulting in oxidative stress. The biological nitrogen fixation in the legume - Rhizobium symbiosis is at high risk of damage from oxidative stress. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) active nodules exposed to the herbicide Paraquat (1,1 '-Dimethyl-4, 4'-bipyridinium dichloride hydrate) that generates ROS accumulation, showed a reduced nitrogenase activity and ureide content. We analyzed the global gene response of stressed nodules using the Bean CombiMatrix Custom Array 90K, that includes probes from some 30,000 expressed sequence tags (EST). The experimental design, based on circular hybridizations, included four conditions as, with two independent biological replicates and three technical replicates for each conditions. A total of 2418 differentially expressed genes (DEG) were identified among the different combinations. Our results showed good correspondence among both the GO term and the MapMan enrichment analyses highlighting DEG from PQ-treated nodules assigned to the functional super-categories: trans-membrane transport, hormone signal transduction, stress response, and regulation. In this work we analyzed the effect of VHb-expressing R. etli CE3 in the symbiosis of common bean plants under oxidative stress experimentally generated by the addition of PQ for 48 hours. We analyzed the transcript profile, via microarray hybridization, using the Bean CombiMatrix Custom Array 90K, that includes probes from some 30,000 expressed sequence tags (EST).
Project description:Bifidobacteria represents one of the dominant group of microorganisms colonizing the intestine of infants. However, the genetic determinants supporting the establishment and the interaction with the human hosts are still largely unknown. Most commensal bacteria interacting with eukaryotic hosts express adhesive molecules on their surfaces that modulate interaction with host cell receptors or with soluble macromolecules. Whole genome transcription profiling of B. bifidum PRL2010, a strain isolated from infant stool, under in vitro as well as in vivo conditions revealed the expression of few common extracellular proteins among which type 1 pili encoding genes. To investigate the molecular mechanisms sustaining the interaction of PRL2010 strain with the human gut, we first explored the global genome transcription profiling of this strain in a in vitro human model such as in the presence of HT29 cell lines. The transcriptome was analyzed using a custom B. bifidum PRL2010 array representing the 90% of this organism’s protein coding genes. To better evaluate the conserved responses by B. bifidum, the in vivo transcriptomes were quantified against a diverse set of transcriptome patterns identified for in vitro laboratory cultures of the strain, i.e., B. bifidum responses after growth on an cell’s monolayers growth medium (DMEM); B.bifidum responses after growth on synthetic medium (MRS). Briefly, we analized five conditions, two of which are also used as references. Every experiment was performed in duplicate and in vivo condition was performed in quadruplicate.
Project description:We studied the global transcription profiling of human cell lines upon colonization with Bifidobacterium bifidum PRL2010 by using DNA microarrays. We decided to use HT29 monolayer as an in vitro model to investigate the molecular impact of B. bifidum PRL2010 on human intestinal transcriptome. HT29 monolayers cultivated at 15 days of post confluence were placed in contact with PRL2010 cells for a range of time spanning from 0 h, 1 h (T1), 2 h (T2) to 4 h (T4).