Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

4

The Response of Human Respiratory Organotypic Cultures to Repeated Cigarette Smoke Exposure


ABSTRACT: Exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) is etiologically linked to the development of fatal respiratory diseases, and there is a need to understand the mechanisms whereby CS causes damage. While animal models have provided valuable insights into smoking-related respiratory tract damage, modern toxicity testing calls for reliable in vitro models as alternatives for animal experimentation. Primary cells and immortalized cell lines can be used to gain some insight; however, the three-dimensional organotypic culture systems probably better mimic the morphological, physiological, and molecular attributes of the human respiratory tract. Even though the bronchus, bronchioles, and lung parenchyma are the primary sites of smoking-related respiratory disease manifestation, the nasal epithelium has been proposed as a surrogate tissue to study the effects of smoking on the respiratory tract. Here, we report on a repeated whole mainstream CS exposure of nasal and bronchial organotypic tissue cultures from which transcriptomic data were collected at several post-exposure time points. Despite the remarkably similar histology and cellular response to whole CS in both tissue types, as measured by cellular staining and cytokine secretion assessment, transcriptomic analyses combined with quantitative biological network modeling identified biological mechanisms that were unique to bronchial tissue at late post-exposure time points. Organotypic models therefore appear to be a promising alternative to animal experimentation, and provide species-relevant insights into the effects of CS exposure on the respiratory system.

INSTRUMENT(S): Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 7G

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

TISSUE(S): Bronchial Epithelium, Nasal Cavity Epithelium

SUBMITTER: Sam Ansari   Talikka Marja  

PROVIDER: E-MTAB-2250 | ArrayExpress | 2014-09-30

REPOSITORIES: ArrayExpress

Dataset's files

Source:
Action DRS
E-MTAB-2250.idf.txt Idf
E-MTAB-2250.idf.txt_original Idf
E-MTAB-2250.processed.1.zip Processed
E-MTAB-2250.raw.1.zip Raw
E-MTAB-2250.raw.2.zip Raw
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