Investigating the requirement of H3K14 and H3P16 for optimal H3K4me3
ABSTRACT: ChIP-seq experiment for histone H3 and H3K4me3 from wild-type Saccharomyces cerevisiae (WT) and strains in which H3K14 has been substituted for alanine (K14A) or H3P16 has been substituted with valine (P16V).
Project description:Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) and therapy-induced senescence (TIS), while tumor-suppressive, also promote procarcinogenic effects by activating the DNA damage response (DDR), which in turn induces inflammation. This inflammatory response prominently includes an array of cytokines known as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Previous observations link the transcription-associated methyltransferase and oncoprotein MLL1 to the DDR, leading us to investigate the role of MLL1 in SASP expression. Our findings reveal direct MLL1 epigenetic control over proproliferative cell cycle genes: MLL1 inhibition represses expression of proproliferative cell cycle regulators required for DNA replication and DDR activation, thus disabling SASP expression. Strikingly, however, these effects of MLL1 inhibition on SASP gene expression do not impair OIS and, furthermore, abolish the ability of the SASP to enhance cancer cell proliferation. More broadly, MLL1 inhibition also reduces “SASP-like” inflammatory gene expression from cancer cells in vitro and in vivo independently of senescence. Taken together, these data demonstrate that MLL1 inhibition may be a powerful and effective strategy for inducing cancerous growth arrest through the direct epigenetic regulation of proliferation-promoting genes and the avoidance of deleterious OIS- or TIS-related tumor secretomes, which can promote both drug resistance and tumor progression. This study examines the genome-wide distribution of gH2A.x and H3K4me3 by chIP-seq, using input and whole histone subunit H3 (respectively) as controls for local sonication efficiency bias. Each of the four chIPs has a single replicate each in (i) IMR90 fibroblasts transfected with a scramble control vector, (ii) the same cells subject to oncogene-induced senescence by stimulation of H-Ras V12, and (iii) in OIS cells with a shRNA targeting MLL1. Additionally, gH2A.x and input were sequenced with another replicate in control and OIS cells (both scramble control).
Project description:In this study, we generate genomic maps of Mediator, Pol II, TBP and TFIIH, by ChIP coupled to next generation sequencing technology (ChIP-seq), in wild type (WT) strains and med17-ts mutants from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Some of the data, concerning WT strains are also deposited at ArrayExpress under accession number E-MTAB-1595 (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-MTAB-1595). There are 2 series of experiment: 1- WT (see E-MTAB-1595) and mutants med17-98, med17-444, and med17-670 (this submission) 2- WT and mutant med17-444 (this submission).
Project description:In this study, we generate genomic maps of Mediator, Rad2, Pol II, TBP and TFIIH, by ChIP coupled to next generation sequencing technology (ChIP-seq), in wild type strains from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. A related study involving ChIP-chip analysis of Rad2 occupany is also deposited at ArrayExpress under accession number E-MEXP-3875 ( http://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-MEXP-3875 ).
Project description:H3-ChIP-seq was performed in order to analyze changes in nucleosomal occupancy after depletion of CTCF/P190 and ISWI from Drosophila S2 cells Histone H3 ChIP-seq from Drosophila S2 cells after CTCF/CP190 or ISWI-specific RNAi treatment
Project description:The aim of this experiment was to determine, using MNAse-Seq, how nucleosomes get remodeled during an Msn2 activation timecourse genome-wide. Diploid strain EY2807/ASH79 with genotype TPK1M164G TPK2M147G TPK3M165G msn4::TRP1/LEU2 MSN2-mCherry NHP6a-iRFP::kanMX was used. This strain is PKAas, so upon addition of the inhibitor 1-NM-PP1, Msn2 translocates to the nucleus and activates gene expression. In this experiment, the diploid strain was exposed to 3 uM 1-NM-PP1 for 0, 5, 10, 20 and 40 min and nucleosome positions determined using by crosslinking, MNAse treatment, nucleosomal DNA purification and paired-end high-throughput sequencing (Illumina). Results from transcriptional profiling of yeast with or without Msn2 expression were also deposited at ArrayExpress under accession number E-MTAB-1945 ( https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-MTAB-1945/ ).
Project description:The aim was to compare the levels of histone H3 dimethylation at lysine 9 (H3K9me2) in wild-type and dbl2 knock-out Schizosaccharomyces pombe cells. Fission yeast cultures were grown in the complex YES medium to exponential phase and chromatin immunoprecipitation was carried out using anti-H3 and anti-H3K9me2 antibodies. Two independent biological replicates were performed. The resulting IP and input DNA samples were sequenced using Illumina sequencing (35 nt PE). H3K9me2 occupancy in each sample was normalized to the corresponding total H3 occupancy, and normalized H3K9me2 levels were compared between WT and dbl2 knock-out.
Project description:We developed a ChIP protocol for the analysis of histone marks using less than 10,000 cells per IP, and used it to investigate the chromatin state of E11.5 mouse primordial germ cells (PGCs). A genome-wide ChIP-Seq analysis of E11.5 PGCs revealed a distribution of H3K4me3/H3K27me3 bivalent domains highly enriched for developmental regulatory genes. H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 ChIP-Seq from mouse E11.5 primordial germ cells.
Project description:Genome-wide analysis of H3K4me3 modifications, Gata1 binding, and DNase I hypersensitivity sites in zebrafish adult red blood cells Zebrafish red cells from 10 adults were isolated for each ChIP-seq reaction. The red cells were cross-linked with formaldehyde for 20 min. DNA fragements bound by specific proteins were enriched by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) and analyzed by Solexa sequencing. A sample of whole cell extract (WCE) was sequenced and used as the background to determine enrichment. ChIP was performed using an antibody against total Gata1 and H3K4me3 (Millipore Cat. No. 17-614) as previously described in Lee et al 2006.