Gene expression profiling of Bone-Marrow-Derived-Macrophages (5 days of culture) in a backcross population of LEW and WKY
ABSTRACT: WKY and LEW strains have been widely studied for their differential susceptibility to experimental glomerulonephritis. In particular these strains show strong variations in the macrophage activation. This dataset measures expression of macrophages in backcross population of WKY DC and LEW rats and includes a few control origninating from the WKY DC strain.
Project description:The effect of cafeteria (CAF) diet in PBMC gene expression was analyzed in two inbred rat strains the Wistar Kyoto(WKY) and Lewis (LEW) rat PBMCs were isolated following a CAF or standard diet and subjected to whole genome expression analysis Rats from each strain were either fed with standard chow diet (n=5) or CAF (n=5). After 7 weeks of the indicated diet, rats were fasted for 9 hours, culled and PBMCs isolated from whole blood collected from the abdominal aorta
Project description:We investigated a glomerulonephritis (GN) model in rats induced by nephrotoxic serum (NTS) which contains antibodies against the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). The anti-GBM GN model in rats is widely used since its biochemical and histopathological characteristics are similar to crescentic nephritis and Goodpasture's disease in humans. Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were dosed once with 1, 2.5 and 5 ml/kg nephrotoxic serum (NTS) or 1.5 and 5 ml/kg NTS, respectively. GN and tubular damage were observed histopathologically in all treated rats after 14 days. To obtain insight into molecular processes during GN pathogenesis, mRNA expression was investigated in WKY and SD kidneys. The immunopathological processes during GN are still not fully understood and likely involve both innate and adaptive immunity. In the present study, several hundred mRNAs were found deregulated, which functionally were mostly associated with inflammation and regeneration. The β-chain of the major histocompatibility complex class II RT1.B (Rt1-Bb) and complement component 6 (C6) were identified as two mRNAs differentially expressed between WKY and SD rat strains which could be related to known different susceptibilities to NTS of different rat strains; both were increased in WKY and decreased in SD rats. Increased Rt1-Bb expression in WKY rats could indicate a stronger and more persistent cellular reaction of the adaptive immune system in this strain, in line with findings indicating adaptive immune reactions during GN. The complement cascade is also known to be essential for GN development, especially terminal cascade products like C6. Two different rat strains (WKY and SD) were dosed with different doses of NTS and after 14 days rats were euthanized and kidneys were removed for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to analyze the deregulation of gene expression during NTS-induced glomerulonephritis and to compare the effect in the two rat strains.
Project description:We have extended our investigation to differential immunogenicity between tolerogenic PVG rats and immunogenic LEW rats by analyzing gene expression in adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) with LPS stimulation. Furthermore, to establish a direct link between gene expression and immunogenic functional annotation, ASCs from LEW and PVG rats were obtained, and the effects of inherent difference and LPS treatment on global gene expression were evaluated using microarray analyses. We analyzed microarray gene expression profiles of ASCs from 3 LEW and 3 PVG rats of 8-week age and separated ASCs from each individual into four conditions, 24h and 48h control, 24h and 48h with 1 μg/ml LPS stimulation. The total RNA samples of triplicate ASCs isolated from LEW and PVG with and without LPS treatment were pooled in each condition and the global gene expression profiles were analyzed using microarray.
Project description:Objective: Apolipoprotein E (Apo E) is a multifunctional protein, originally described in the context of lipoprotein metabolism and cardiovascular disease. More recently, anti-inflammatory functions of ApoE have been documented. ApoE was studied in the context of several inflammatory disorders, but its role in the pathogenesis of acute organ rejection is unknown. In this study, we test the hypothesis that ApoE attenuates acute renal allograft rejection. Materials and methods: The Dark Agouti (DA) to Lewis (Lew) and the Brown Norway (BN) to Lew rat strain combinations were used to investigate fatal acute rejection. In addition, Fischer 344 (F344) kidneys were transplanted to Lew rats to study reversible acute rejection. Isograft recipients and untreated Lew rats were used as controls. ApoE mRNA expression was quantified in intravascular leukocytes accumulating in the blood vessels of renal grafts and in graft tissue. Apo E protein levels were assessed in blood plasma. To test the protective potential of ApoE, recipients of BN kidneys were treated with ApoE-mimetic peptide. Results: Intravascular graft leukocytes and renal tissue obtained from animals undergoing reversible acute rejection expressed increased levels of ApoE mRNA, whereas during fatal rejection, ApoE expression remained unchanged in the BN to Lew rat strain combination or was significantly reduced when DA rats were used as donors of the kidney. On the protein level, no changes in ApoE were seen in plasma. However, we do not know if local leukocytic ApoE expression results in increased ApoE concentrations inside graft blood vessels. Peptide treatment of allograft recipients reversed fatal rejection and significantly improved animal survival. Conclusions: ApoE plays a protective role in acute organ rejection. Further studies are needed to understand the exact mechanism how ApoE reverses acute rejection. dual-color balanced dye-swap design with 4 biological replicates, hybridized on 4 arrays
Project description:Acute rejection episodes trigger chronic renal allograft vasculopathy. Numerous leukocytes, predominantly monocytes, accumulate in graft blood vessels during reversible acute rejection preceding chronic rejection of rat kidneys. We speculate that they contribute to transplant vasculopathy and set out to characterize them. Allogeneic renal transplantation was performed in the Fischer 344 to Lewis rat strain combination, Lewis isografts served as controls. Leukocytes were harvested by intensive perfusion of graft blood vessels and subjected to flow cytometry, quantitative RT-PCR and genome-wide transcriptional profiling. Kidneys of LEW and F344 rats were transplanted in LEW rats. Five biological replicates were performed for both isogenic and allogenic transplantation. Transcriptomes of allogenics were compared to isogenics on 5 dual-color hybridizations.
Project description:We measured gene expression in the adrenal glands of the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) using Affymetrix RG-U34A GeneChips. All rats were aged-matched at 4-weeks. The rats were obtained from the colonies at the Univeristy of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.
Project description:Left ventricular gene expression profiles from 12-, 16- and 20-months old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were compared with left ventricular profiles seen in age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats [control rats] by screening Affymetrix U34A arrays (there are 4 samples in each timepoint except 3 samples of 20-months old WKYs).
Project description:To investigate the effects of the differences seen in the JUND binding patterns between LEW, WKY and WKY.LCrgn2 bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDMs), we have 1) analysed gene expression changes over a time course (4 time points: 0,2,4 and 8 hrs) of stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) using whole transcript expression microarrays, 2) knocked down JunD in WKY BMDMs and analysed gene expression by microarrays.
Project description:Femoral neck bone mineral density and structure candidate gene analysis in Fischer 344 (F344) and Lewis (LEW) rats; Hip fracture is the most devastating osteoporotic fracture type with significant morbidity and mortality. Previously, we identified that the region of 4q21-q41 on chromosome (Chr) 4 uniquely harbors multiple femoral neck quantitative trait loci (QTLs) in inbred Fischer 344 (F344) and Lewis (LEW) rats. In this study we identified the candidate genes for femoral neck density and structure by correlating gene expression in the proximal femur with the femoral neck phenotypes linked to the QTLs on Chr 4. Microarray analysis was performed using RNA extracted from proximal femora of 4-week-old rats from F344, LEW and two other strains. A total of 104 genes in the 4q21-q41 region were differentially expressed (p<0.05) among all strains of rats with a false discovery rate (FDR) less than 10%. These 104 genes were then ranked based on the proportion of variation in femoral neck phenotypes in F2 animals homozygous for a particular strain’s allele at the Chr 4 QTL explained by the expression level of the gene in that strain. A total of 37 genes, including 21 candidate genes and 16 predicted genes, were strongly correlated (r2>0.50) with different femoral neck phenotypes and prioritized for further analysis. Ingenuity pathway analysis revealed several direct or indirect relationships among the candidate genes related to bone metabolism including pathways related to beta-estradiol, interleukin 6, insulin growth factor 2, androgen receptor and tumor necrosis factor. Experiment Overall Design: Comparison of differentially expressed genes at the chromosome 4 QTL identified in F344 and LEW F2 rats.