Gene expression profiling of Bone-Marrow-Derived-Macrophages (5 days of culture) in a backcross population of LEW and WKY
ABSTRACT: WKY and LEW strains have been widely studied for their differential susceptibility to experimental glomerulonephritis. In particular these strains show strong variations in the macrophage activation. This dataset measures expression of macrophages in backcross population of WKY DC and LEW rats and includes a few control origninating from the WKY DC strain.
Project description:The effect of cafeteria (CAF) diet in PBMC gene expression was analyzed in two inbred rat strains the Wistar Kyoto(WKY) and Lewis (LEW) rat PBMCs were isolated following a CAF or standard diet and subjected to whole genome expression analysis Rats from each strain were either fed with standard chow diet (n=5) or CAF (n=5). After 7 weeks of the indicated diet, rats were fasted for 9 hours, culled and PBMCs isolated from whole blood collected from the abdominal aorta
Project description:Many types of glomerulonephritis (GN) undergo tandem connected phases: inflammation and fibrosis. Fibrosis in human GNs leads to irreversible end-stage disease. This study investigated how these 2 phases were controlled.Using a rat anti-glomerular basement membrane GN model, we established bone marrow (BM) chimeras between GN-resistant Lewis (LEW) and GN-susceptible Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. Glomerular inflammation and fibrosis were compared between chimeras.LEW's BM to WKY chimeras with or without co-transfer of host WKY's T cells were GN-resistant. On the other hand, WKY's BM to LEW (LEW(WKY)) chimeras developed glomerular inflammation and albuminuria upon immunization. Quantitative analysis showed that the number and composition of inflammatory cells in glomeruli of immunized LEW(WKY) chimeras were similar to those in immunized WKY rats at their inflammatory peak. Thus, glomerular inflammation was controlled by BM-derived non-T cell populations. However, unlike WKY rats, LEW(WKY) rats did not develop fibrosis until the end of experiments (84 days) in spite of persistent inflammation and albuminuria.Inflammation alone was not sufficient to trigger fibrosis, suggesting a critical role of glomerular cells in the fibrotic process. As LEW(WKY) chimera allows us to separate glomerular inflammation from fibrosis, this model provides a useful tool to study how fibrosis is initiated following inflammation.
Project description:We investigated a glomerulonephritis (GN) model in rats induced by nephrotoxic serum (NTS) which contains antibodies against the glomerular basement membrane (GBM). The anti-GBM GN model in rats is widely used since its biochemical and histopathological characteristics are similar to crescentic nephritis and Goodpasture's disease in humans. Male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were dosed once with 1, 2.5 and 5 ml/kg nephrotoxic serum (NTS) or 1.5 and 5 ml/kg NTS, respectively. GN and tubular damage were observed histopathologically in all treated rats after 14 days. To obtain insight into molecular processes during GN pathogenesis, mRNA expression was investigated in WKY and SD kidneys. The immunopathological processes during GN are still not fully understood and likely involve both innate and adaptive immunity. In the present study, several hundred mRNAs were found deregulated, which functionally were mostly associated with inflammation and regeneration. The β-chain of the major histocompatibility complex class II RT1.B (Rt1-Bb) and complement component 6 (C6) were identified as two mRNAs differentially expressed between WKY and SD rat strains which could be related to known different susceptibilities to NTS of different rat strains; both were increased in WKY and decreased in SD rats. Increased Rt1-Bb expression in WKY rats could indicate a stronger and more persistent cellular reaction of the adaptive immune system in this strain, in line with findings indicating adaptive immune reactions during GN. The complement cascade is also known to be essential for GN development, especially terminal cascade products like C6. Two different rat strains (WKY and SD) were dosed with different doses of NTS and after 14 days rats were euthanized and kidneys were removed for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to analyze the deregulation of gene expression during NTS-induced glomerulonephritis and to compare the effect in the two rat strains.
Project description:We have extended our investigation to differential immunogenicity between tolerogenic PVG rats and immunogenic LEW rats by analyzing gene expression in adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) with LPS stimulation. Furthermore, to establish a direct link between gene expression and immunogenic functional annotation, ASCs from LEW and PVG rats were obtained, and the effects of inherent difference and LPS treatment on global gene expression were evaluated using microarray analyses. We analyzed microarray gene expression profiles of ASCs from 3 LEW and 3 PVG rats of 8-week age and separated ASCs from each individual into four conditions, 24h and 48h control, 24h and 48h with 1 μg/ml LPS stimulation. The total RNA samples of triplicate ASCs isolated from LEW and PVG with and without LPS treatment were pooled in each condition and the global gene expression profiles were analyzed using microarray.
Project description:Mesangial cells are glomerular cells of stromal origin. During immune complex mediated crescentic glomerulonephritis (Crgn), infiltrating and proliferating pro-inflammatory macrophages lead to crescent formation. Here we have hypothesised that mesangial cells, given their mesenchymal stromal origin, show similar immunomodulatory properties as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), by regulating macrophage function associated with glomerular crescent formation. We show that rat mesangial cells suppress conA-stimulated splenocyte proliferation in vitro, as previously shown for MSCs. We then investigated mesangial cell-macrophage interaction by using mesangial cells isolated from nephrotoxic nephritis (NTN)-susceptible Wistar Kyoto (WKY) and NTN-resistant Lewis (LEW) rats. We first determined the mesangial cell transcriptome in WKY and LEW rats and showed that this is under marked genetic control. Supernatant transfer results show that WKY mesangial cells shift bone marrow derived macrophage (BMDM) phenotype to M1 or M2 according to the genetic background (WKY or LEW) of the BMDMs. Interestingly, these effects were different when compared to those of MSCs suggesting that mesangial cells can have unique immunomodulatory effects in the kidney. These results demonstrate the importance of the genetic background in the immunosuppressive effects of cells of stromal origin and specifically of mesangial cell-macrophage interactions in the pathophysiology of crescentic glomerulonephritis.
Project description:Objective: Apolipoprotein E (Apo E) is a multifunctional protein, originally described in the context of lipoprotein metabolism and cardiovascular disease. More recently, anti-inflammatory functions of ApoE have been documented. ApoE was studied in the context of several inflammatory disorders, but its role in the pathogenesis of acute organ rejection is unknown. In this study, we test the hypothesis that ApoE attenuates acute renal allograft rejection. Materials and methods: The Dark Agouti (DA) to Lewis (Lew) and the Brown Norway (BN) to Lew rat strain combinations were used to investigate fatal acute rejection. In addition, Fischer 344 (F344) kidneys were transplanted to Lew rats to study reversible acute rejection. Isograft recipients and untreated Lew rats were used as controls. ApoE mRNA expression was quantified in intravascular leukocytes accumulating in the blood vessels of renal grafts and in graft tissue. Apo E protein levels were assessed in blood plasma. To test the protective potential of ApoE, recipients of BN kidneys were treated with ApoE-mimetic peptide. Results: Intravascular graft leukocytes and renal tissue obtained from animals undergoing reversible acute rejection expressed increased levels of ApoE mRNA, whereas during fatal rejection, ApoE expression remained unchanged in the BN to Lew rat strain combination or was significantly reduced when DA rats were used as donors of the kidney. On the protein level, no changes in ApoE were seen in plasma. However, we do not know if local leukocytic ApoE expression results in increased ApoE concentrations inside graft blood vessels. Peptide treatment of allograft recipients reversed fatal rejection and significantly improved animal survival. Conclusions: ApoE plays a protective role in acute organ rejection. Further studies are needed to understand the exact mechanism how ApoE reverses acute rejection. dual-color balanced dye-swap design with 4 biological replicates, hybridized on 4 arrays
Project description:Acute rejection episodes trigger chronic renal allograft vasculopathy. Numerous leukocytes, predominantly monocytes, accumulate in graft blood vessels during reversible acute rejection preceding chronic rejection of rat kidneys. We speculate that they contribute to transplant vasculopathy and set out to characterize them. Allogeneic renal transplantation was performed in the Fischer 344 to Lewis rat strain combination, Lewis isografts served as controls. Leukocytes were harvested by intensive perfusion of graft blood vessels and subjected to flow cytometry, quantitative RT-PCR and genome-wide transcriptional profiling. Kidneys of LEW and F344 rats were transplanted in LEW rats. Five biological replicates were performed for both isogenic and allogenic transplantation. Transcriptomes of allogenics were compared to isogenics on 5 dual-color hybridizations.
Project description:We measured gene expression in the adrenal glands of the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) using Affymetrix RG-U34A GeneChips. All rats were aged-matched at 4-weeks. The rats were obtained from the colonies at the Univeristy of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.
Project description:Left ventricular gene expression profiles from 12-, 16- and 20-months old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) were compared with left ventricular profiles seen in age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats [control rats] by screening Affymetrix U34A arrays (there are 4 samples in each timepoint except 3 samples of 20-months old WKYs).