Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

4

Dynamic transcript abundance during cellularisation of the developing barley endosperm: Temporal regulation of cell wall synthesis


ABSTRACT: Grain development in the Poaceae defines important end-use properties such as yield, quality and nutritive value. Microarray analyses have been performed on barley grain endosperm extracts from three to eight days after pollination (DAP), when cellularization of the syncytium occurs through the growth of cell walls around individual nuclei. Profiling of transcripts differentially expressed over time reveal 56 specific modules of genes that cluster into 15 groups. Expression patterns have been superimposed upon microscopy data, which identify the timing of key stages in grain development. Thus, cellularization is complete at six DAP, aleurone-related genes can be detected at seven to eight DAP, and starch synthase and hordein genes increase dramatically at seven and eight DAP, respectively. Genes known to be involved in cell wall metabolism are found predominantly in a single module, but analysis using a gene ontology approach splits these genes into four modules, which remain in a single cluster. Transcript levels of the cell wall-related genes peak at seven DAP and the developmental patterns of genes involved in arabinoxylan and (1,3;1,4)-β-glucan synthesis are defined. The transcript data are publicly available (www.etc.) and can be used to interrogate co-expression and differential expression patterns for other groups of genes. In addition, the examination of transcription factor genes that are co-expressed in modules of genes involved in specific processes, such as aleurone differentiation, can be used to identify candidate genes for the control of those particular processes during barley grain development.

ORGANISM(S): Hordeum vulgare  

SUBMITTER: Pete Hedley  

PROVIDER: E-MTAB-2728 | ArrayExpress | 2016-02-01

REPOSITORIES: ArrayExpress

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