Project description:MYCN overexpression in the doxycline MYCN inducible cell line SH-SY5Y/6TR(EU)/pTrex-Dest-30/MYCN (SY5Y-MYCN) using the dynamic transcriptome analysis (DTA) protocol. Samples at different time-points after MYCN over-expression and uninduced controls (0h) were sequenced in duplicates. The experimental setup consists of [A] total mRNA at 0h, 1h, 4h, 24h, which corresponds to the standard mRNA-seq protocol, [B] 4-thioUridine (4sU) labelled mRNA 30 min before extraction at time-points 0h, 1h, 4h, which is the freshly transcribed mRNA within the last 30 min before the time-point and [C] the counter-part, 4sU unlabelled mRNA 30 min before extraction which corresponds to the mRNA from before 30 min of extraction. The samples were sequenced on an Illumina GA IIx using the Illumina protocols.
Project description:The effect of the GSK3 inhibitor Azakenpaullone (Azak) and the differentiation agent retinoic acid (RA) was studied in low and high MYCN levels in the MYCN inducible neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y/6TR(EU)/pTrex-Dest-30/MYCN (SY5Y-MYCN). Azak was dissolved in DMSO in order to apply it to the cells. Therefore a vehicle control consisting of SY5Y-MYCN cells treated with 24h 1 ul/ml DMSO only was used in duplicates. Doxycycline (Sigma) dissolved in water was used at a final concentration of 1ug/ml to induce MYCN expression in SY5Y-MYCN. A co-treatment study with Dox and Azak was conducted. SY5Y-MYCN cells were treated with 24h Azak, 24h Azak & 48h Dox and 48h Dox, with biological duplicates. 1 uM RA (dissolved in DMSO) and 1 ug/mL Doxycycline were given individually and in combination. SY5Y-MYCN cells were treated with 24h RA, 24h RA & 48h Dox, and 48h Dox and RNA was extracted in biological duplicates. For the 24h RA & 48h Dox co-treatment cells were treated with Dox for 24h and then with RA and fresh Dox for a further 24h.
Project description:IFN-g primes macrophages for enhanced inflammatory activation by TLRs and microbial killing, but little is known about the regulation of cell metabolism or mRNA translation during priming. We found that IFN-g regulates macrophage metabolism and translation in an integrated manner by targeting mTORC1 and MNK pathways that converge on the selective regulator of translation initiation eIF4E. Physiological downregulation of the central metabolic regulator mTORC1 by IFN-g was associated with autophagy and translational suppression of repressors of inflammation such as HES1. Genome-wide ribosome profiling in TLR2-stimulated macrophages revealed that IFN-g selectively modulates the macrophage translatome to promote inflammation, further reprogram metabolic pathways, and modulate protein synthesis. These results add IFN-g-mediated metabolic reprogramming and translational regulation as key components of classical inflammatory macrophage activation. microRNA-seq libraries were generated from mock or IFN-g-primed human macrophages. Cells were stimulated with or without Pam3Cys and harvested at 4 hours Libraries were generated using Illumina Truseq small RNA technology.
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) has been highlighted in pathogen-host interactions, however, little is known about roles of miRNAs in neurological pathogenesis of human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) infections. In this study, the comprehensive miRNA expression profiling in HEV71-infected human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were performed to identify cellular miRNAs response to HEV71. A total of 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed in HEV71-infected SH-SY5Y cells compared to non-infected cells. These findings provide new information on the miRNA and mRNA profiles in HEV71 infection, which may serve as a basis for further investigation into the biological functions of miRNAs in the neurological pathogenesis of HEV71 infections. Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were infected with HEV71. After infection, the cells were harvested and extracted total RNA for miRNA profiling by hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. A total of 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed inHEV71-infected SH-SY5Y cells compared to non-infected cells.
Project description:In neuroblastoma, amplification of the oncogenic basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor (TF) MYCN is the defining prognosticator of high-risk disease, occurs in one-third of neuroblastoma, and drastically reduces overall survival rates. As a proto-oncogene, targeted MYCN overexpression in peripheral neural crest is sufficient to initiate disease in mouse models. In MYCN amplified neuroblastoma, elevated expression of the factor is crucial to maintain tumor stemness and is associated with increased proliferation and aberrant cell cycle progression, as these tumors lack the ability to arrest in G1 in response to irradiation. MYCN down-regulation broadly reverses these oncogenic phenotypes in a variety of neuroblastoma models and recent thereapeutic strategies to indirectly target MYCN production or protein stability have reduced tumor growth in vivo. These observations motivate an investigation of MYCN binding in MYCN amplified tumors as it remains fundamentally unclear how elevated levels of the factor occupy the genome and alter transcriptional programs in neuroblastoma. Here we present the first dynamic chromatin and transcriptional landscape of direct MYCN perturbation in neuroblastoma. We find that at oncogenic levels, MYCN associates with E-box (CANNTG) binding motifs in an affinity dependent manner across most active cis-regulatory promoters and enhancers. MYCN shutdown globally reduces histone acetylation and transcription, consistent with prior descriptions of MYC proteins as non-linear amplifiers of gene expression. We establish that MYCN load at the promoter and proximal enhancers predicts transcriptional responsiveness to MYCN shutdown and that MYCN enhancer binding occurs prominently at the most strongly occupied and down-regulated genes, suggesting a role for these tissue specific elements in predicating MYCN responsive “target” genes. At these invaded enhancers, we identify the lineage specific bHLH TWIST1 as a key collaborator and dependency of oncogenic MYCN. These data suggest that MYCN enhancer invasion helps shape transcriptional amplification of the neuroblastoma gene expression program to promote tumorigenesis. ChIP-Seq in SHEP21, BE2C, KELLY, and NGP neuroblastoma cell lines for H3K27ac, H3K4me3, RNA PolII, MYCN, BRD4, or TWIST1
Project description:Purpose: We applied RNA sequencing technology for high-throughput analysis of transcriptional changes within human MM cell lines JJN3 and U266 due to individual and combination drug treatment. Methods: JJN3 and U266 cells were treated with pan-HDACi panbobinostat, DNMTi 5-Azacytidine, panobinostat+5-Azacytidine or NMP for 4h or 24h in triplicate and transcriptional changes assessed by RNAseq using Illumina HiSeq platform. Specifically, JJN3 cells were treated with 10nM panobinostat, 2.5µM 5-Azacytidine, panobinostat+5-Azacytidine (at given doses), or 10mM NMP. U266 cells were treated with 10nM panobinostat, 10µM 5-Azacytidine, panobinostat+5-Azacytidine (at given doses), or 10mM NMP. Results: We report unique and overlapping transcriptional signatures that lead to the induction of apoptosis in human MM cell lines in a cell-specific manner due to individual or combination treatments. Conclusions: A detailed analysis of differential transcriptional events in human MM cell lines due to HDACi, DNMTi, HDACi+DNMTi and NMP appear to define the molecular events leading to apoptosis and drug mechanism of action. We tested triplicate experiments at 4h and 24hr time points in JJN3 and U266 cell lines against vehicle control treated cells.
Project description:Notch1-IC, Notch2-IC or EBNA2 have been induced in a conditionally immortalized human B cell line (EREB2-5) in order to identify similar and unique target genes in B cells. CAT was used as a control. Experiment Overall Design: RNA was isolated at different time points after induction of Notch1-IC, Notch2-IC or EBNA2 in EREB2-5 cells. Three independent experiments were performed (except Notch1-IC at 3day).