Transcription profiling by array of human olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells in familial dysautonomia
ABSTRACT: Exploration of transcriptome expression in 5 control and 4 familial dysautonomia (FD) human olfactory ecto-mesenchymal stem cells (hOE-MSCs) at very early (P1 and P2) and later (P5 and P9) cell passages.
BACKGROUND: Familial dysautonomia (FD) is a hereditary neuropathy caused by mutations in the IKBKAP gene, the most common of which results in variable tissue-specific mRNA splicing with skipping of exon 20. Defective splicing is especially severe in nervous tissue, leading to incomplete development and progressive degeneration of sensory and autonomic neurons. The specificity of neuron loss in FD is poorly understood due to the lack of an appropriate model system. To better understand and modeli ...[more]
Project description:HBEC-5i (human brain endothelial cells) grown to confluence in 6-well tissue culture plates. Cocultures were either left unstimulated or incubated overnight with recombinant TNF?. HBEC were then washed in PBS and incubated with PLT (platelets), pRBC (P.falciparum-parasited red blood cells) or NRBC (normal red blood cells) according to the experimental conditions. Then HBEC were washed three times with PBS, and were harvested at 0 and 5h coculture. Each experimental condition was realized in triplicate.
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Project description:This study newly identified Tripelennamine (TA) as an inhibitor of yeast meiosis and sporulation. To examine if and how exposure of sporulating yeast cells to TA changes the meiotic transcriptional program cells were sporulated for 0, 4, and 8 hours in the presence or absence of 100 uM TA.
Project description:<br><br>Annual heart allograft failure in humans rates about 3-5%. The main reason after the first postoperative year is chronic rejection. Myointimal hyperplasia, the hellmark of chronic rejection, results in a specific type of ischemic heart disease. The lack of angina pectoris symptoms allow ventricular arrythmias, sudden cardiac death or heart failure to occur without warning. In addition, diagnostic tools such as endomyocardial biopsy, coronary angiography or intracoronary ultrasound fail to predict the individual risk for myocardial dysfunction.<br><br>The mechanisms responsible for chronic rejection are predominantly alloimmune mediated with activated T cells, macrophages, B cell mediated antibody formation and secreted cytokines responding to HLA and other endothelial cell antigens. In addition, non immunologic risk factors such as recipient age, metabolic factors, hypertension and ischemia contribute to development of this disease. Previous studies have demonstrated that ischemia has a profound influence on short term allograft survival but the underlaying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Apoptosis seems to play a crucial role in ischemia/reperfusion injury and several mechanisms for programmed cell death have been described. However, consequences on long term cell function of viability have not been investigated. <br><br>The aim of this study was to investigate the implication and the mechanism of prolonged cold organ storage as a non immunologic risk factor in the pathogenesis of chronic rejection in a cardiac allograft model. <br><br>We aimed for answering the following specific questions:<br><br>How does cold ischemia affect the alloimmue response short and long term? <br><br>How does prolonged cold ischemia affect gene expression at later time points after transplantation? <br><br>Does it influence gene expression during chronic rejection?<br><br><br><br>