Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

34

Cancers of unknown primary (CUP) are characterized by chromosomal instability (CIN) compared to metastasis of know origin.


ABSTRACT: Employing genome wide transcriptome analysis,Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and Quadratic Discriminant Analysis (QDA), we created a successful classification model to identify the putative origin of a CUP. Using the classifications of the CUPs enable the comparison of transcriptome profiles from CUPs to the equivalent normal metastasis across the different carcinoma types. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and Pathway analysis were used to reveal the common biological features characterizing CUPs. The classifier was build using 2208 samples of normal tissue, known primary tumors, metastasis of known origin and tested on 60 CUP samples. 130 of these samples were collected and analyzed as part of the project and submitted to ArrayExpress. The analyses show that CUPs are distinct from metastases of known origin. CUPs exhibit inconsistent expression of conventional cancer biomarkers and QDA derived outlier scores show that CUPs are more distantly related to their primary tumor class than corresponding metastases of known origin. Gene set enrichment analysis showed that CUPs display increased expression of genes involved in DNA damage repair and by employing signatures of chromosome instability (CIN), we found that CUPs are chromosome unstable compared to metastases of known origin.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Rehannah HAB Helweg-Larsen   

PROVIDER: E-MTAB-3222 | ArrayExpress| 2015-05-30

REPOSITORIES: ArrayExpress

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