MiRNome profiling of glioblastoma tissues and peritumoral regions
ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and deadliest primary brain tumor. Its prognosis is inexorably unfavorable, as these tumors drive affected patients to death usually within 15 months after diagnosis (short term survivors, ST), with the only exception of a small fraction of patients (long term survivors, LT) surviving longer than 36 months. Even after the frontline therapeutic approach, including surgical resection followed by chemo- and radiotherapy, the cause of death in most cases is tumor recurrence, which occurs in peritumoral tissues in about 95% of patients. Here, we provide a comprehensive molecular analysis of a set of ST and LT samples derived from frankly tumoral areas (C) and from the peritumoral regions (P) of the same patients. By performing microRNA deep sequencing, we collected data showing that P areas differ from healthy white matter, but share with C samples, a number of microRNAs
Project description:In this study, we report a broad analysis of central tumor samples (C), from both Glioblastoma long term survivors (LT) and short term ones (ST), integrated by the same analysis performed on peritumoral areas (P) from the same patients. We provide data from SAGE analysis performed with deep sequencing.
Project description:In the present study we evaluated the miRNA expression profile of 31 high risk, stage 4 neuroblastoma patients. We compared miRNA expression profiles of 14 long-survivors (alive with an overall survival time > 36 months) and 17 short-survivors (dead of disease within 36 months from diagnosis. Deaths due to toxicity were censored).
Project description:Gene expression profiling revealed over-representation of a distinct (proneural-like) expression signature in long-term survivors that was linked to IDH1/2 mutation. However, among the IDH1/2-wildtype patients, tumors from long-term survivors did not show distinct gene expression profiles and included proneural, classical and mesenchymal glioblastoma subtypes. We performed genome- and/or transcriptome-wide molecular profiling of primary tumor samples from 70 glioblastoma patients of the German Glioma Network, including 23 longterm survivors with >36 months overall survival (OS), 16 short-term survivors with <12 months OS, and 31 patients with intermediate OS For this study, we screened prospectively recruited patients with a histopathological reference diagnosis of glioblastoma, known KPS at diagnosis, information on extent of resection by early postoperative neuroimaging, available frozen tissue specimens from the initial operation, and documented clinical outcome.
Project description:In the present study we evaluated the miRNA expression profile of 31 high risk, stage 4 neuroblastoma patients. Overall design: We compared miRNA expression profiles of 14 long-survivors (alive with an overall survival time > 36 months) and 17 short-survivors (dead of disease within 36 months from diagnosis. Deaths due to toxicity were censored).
Project description:Background and aims: Liver transplantation (LT) is the most radical treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with high rates of long-term survival, but tumor recurrence after LT is an unresolved problem. The aim of our study was to identify predictive markers for tumor recurrence after liver transplantation. Methods: In a retrospective single-center study, we included all patients with LT for HCC in our institution (01/2007-12/2012). Beside demographic data, we analyzed course, bridging therapies, Serum-AFP, time point of tumor recurrence, as well as the correlation of imaging and histopathology of our recipients. Additionally, we performed a microarray analysis to identify different miRNA profiles of patients with and without HCC recurrence after LT. Single assay stem-loop real-time PCR (Q-RT-PCR) was used for validation of the results. Results: During the study period, we performed 92 LT in patients with HCC (22 women, 70 men). Twenty-two (23.9%) patients developed a recurrent HCC after LT. Our subgroup with tumor recurrence after LT, presented with a mean disease-free survival of 10 months (3-55 months) and an overall survival of 25.5 months (4-77 months). Milan criteria, AFP levels and pathologic grading had an influence on the tumor recurrence. Performing miRNA analysis, we could identify significant upregulation of 8 miRNAs and downregulation of another 5 miRNAs in patients with tumor recurrence. Consecutively, array data were successfully validated using Q-RT-PCR. Multivariate Cox regression, ROC analysis and Kaplan-Meier showed that a score consisting of two miRNAs and Milan criteria are an independent predictor for tumor recurrence-free survival. Conclusions: Despite careful selection of patients, an early recurrence of HCC after LT cannot be avoided completely. Reliable prognostic markers related to tumor biology are still missing. Analysis and validation of specific miRNAs combined with radiological parameters might lead to a promising strategy for the prediction of tumor recurrence, but prospective studies have to follow. 8 macrodissected hepatocellular carcinoma (recurrent HCC) and 10 macrodissected hepatocellular carcinoma (non-recurrent HCC).
Project description:Purpose/Objective(s): To correlate gene expression and overall survival (OS) in patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who have undergone definitive surgery Materials/Methods: Patients were identified that were treated with definitive surgery without neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy for pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The Beaumont BioBank consented patients then collected and stored tissue samples. Patients were grouped into short term (<10 months, n=13) and long term (>20 months, n=11) survivors. RNA was extracted from fresh frozen tissues, and global gene expression patterns in the short and longer-term survivors were compared. Pathway analysis of the significant genes was also performed. Results: The median age at the time of surgery was 64 years. The mean overall survival in each group was 7.5 months and 32.0 months. We identified 163 genes that were differentially expressed between patients who survived <10 months and >20 months from their definitive surgery. Many of the genes identified have known prognostic importance in oncology; however, less than half of these genes have been reported to be associated with survival in pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Pathway analysis identified expression targets of SP1, JUN, and EGF to be highly regulated based upon differences in overall survival. Conclusions: In pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients who have undergone definitive resection, we have identified multiple genes associated with inferior survival. Many of the genes reported in this study have not previously been linked to overall survival in this patient population. Overall design: Samples from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients that survived > 20 months (n=11) were compared to samples from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients that survived < 10 months (n=13).
Project description:Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive tumor with a dismal overall survival (OS) and to date few molecular markers are available to guide patient management. This study aimed to identify a prognostic miRNA signature in MPM patients who did not undergo tumor resection. Whole miRNA profiling using a microarray platform was performed on 26 unresected MPM with distinct clinical outcome: 15 patients had aggressive disease (OS<12 months) and 11 patients indolent disease (OS>36 months). Three prognostic miRNAs (mir-99a, let-7c and miR-125b) encoded at the same cluster (21q21) were selected for further validation and tested on publicly available miRNA sequencing data (TCGA) from 72 MPM patients with survival data. A risk model was built based on these 3 miRNAs that was validated by quantitative PCR in an independent set of 30 MPM patients. High risk patients had shorter median OS (7.6 months) as compared with low-risk patients (median not reached). In the multivariate Cox model, a high risk score was an independently associated with shorter OS (HR=3.14; 95% CI, 1.18–8.34; P=0.022). Our study identified that the downregulation of the miR-99a/let-7/miR-125b miRNA cluster predicts poor outcome in unresected MPM. Overall design: In the present study the whole miRNA profile was evaluated in a cohort of 26 malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) sample derived from patients who did not undergo surgery and in 3 nonmalingnat pleura (NMP) as normal control (NC). The comparison between MPM and NC samples allowed to identify miRNA linked to tumorigenesis. The second aim was the identification of miRNA correlated with overall survival (OS); for this purpose the MPM patients were divided based on the survival rate in: i) long survivors (LS; patients whose OS was greater than 36 months); and ii) short survivors (SS; patients died within 12 months from the diagnosis).
Project description:Malignant gliomas represent the most devastating group of brain tumors in adults, among which glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) exhibits the highest malignancy rate. Despite combined modality treatment, GBM recurs and is invariably fatal. A further insight into molecular background of gliomagenesis is required to improve patient outcome. The first aim of this study was to gain broad information on miRNA expression pattern in malignant gliomas, mainly GBM. We investigated the global miRNA profile of malignant glioma tissues by means of miRNA microarrays, deep sequencing and meta-analysis. We selected miRNAs the most frequently deregulated in glioblastoma tissues as well as peritumoral brain areas in comparison to normal human brain. We found candidate miRNAs contributing to progression from gliomas grade III to gliomas grade IV. The meta-analysis of miRNA profiling studies in GBM tissues summarizes the past and recent advances in an investigation of miRNA signature in GBM versus noncancerous human brain and provides a comprehensive overview. We proposed a set of 35 miRNAs which expression is the most frequently deregulated in GBM patients and 30 miRNA candidates recognized as novel GBM biomarkers. miRNA expression profile in the adult malignant gliomas, glioma peritumoral tissues and normal human brain.
Project description:Human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSC) could be committed toward a functional lymphoid-like stroma by a combination of TNFalpha (TNF) and Lymphotoxin alpha1/beta2 (LT) (Amé-Thomas et al Blood 2007). Bone marrow and lymph node stromal cells support FL malignant cell recruitment and growth in particular after comittment to a lymphoid-like differentiation in vitro. In addition, more than 70% of FL patients exhibit a bone marrow involvment at diagnosis. We delineate using Affymetrix U133+2.0 microarrays the gene expression profile of BM-MSC obtained from FL patients (FL-MSC) and age-matched healthy donors (HD-MSC) in order to identify a specific FL-MSC signature. In addition, we used Affymetrix microarrays to define the gene expression signature of lymphoid-like stromal cells obtained from HD-MSC by treatment with TNF/LT in vitro. This TNF/LT signature was then used to interpret the gene expression profile of FL-MSC. GEP was performed on 10 BM-MSC from FL patients and 6 from healthy donors, treated or not with TNF(10 ng/mL)/LT(100ng/mL)
Project description:Multiomics of faecal samples collected from individuals in families with multiple cases of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) over 3 or 4 months. Metagenomic and metatranscriptomic sequencing and metaproteomics were carried out, as well as whole human genome sequencing. Phenotypic data is available.