Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

9

Methylation data as part of an Integrated analysis of oligodendroglial tumours


ABSTRACT: A Cartes d'Identite des Tumeurs (CIT) project from the french Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer (http://cit.ligue-cancer.net: Oligodendroglial tumours (OT) are a heterogeneous group of gliomas. Three molecular subgroups are currently distinguished based on the IDH mutation and the 1p/19q co-deletion. Here we performed an integrated analysis of the transcriptome, genome and methylome of 156 OT. Beyond the 3 well-known molecular classes, our multi-omics classification revealed 3 subgroups within 1p/19q co-deleted tumours, associated with different expression patterns of oligodendroglial progenitor cell (OPC), astrocytic, oligodendrocytic and neuronal lineage genes. The validity of these 3 subgroups was confirmed on public datasets. The OPC-like group was associated with a more aggressive histological and genomic profile and with MYC activation that occurred through various alterations including MYC locus genomic gain, MYC exon 3 hypo-methylation and down-regulation of microRNA-34b/c. In the lower grade glioma TCGA dataset, the OPC-like group was associated with a poorer outcome independently from histological grade. Our study unravels previously unrecognized heterogeneity among 1p/19q co-deleted tumours.

INSTRUMENT(S): Illumina iScan

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Elarouci Nabila  

PROVIDER: E-MTAB-3903 | ArrayExpress | 2016-03-11

REPOSITORIES: ArrayExpress

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Publications


Oligodendroglial tumours (OT) are a heterogeneous group of gliomas. Three molecular subgroups are currently distinguished on the basis of the IDH mutation and 1p/19q co-deletion. Here we present an integrated analysis of the transcriptome, genome and methylome of 156 OT. Not only does our multi-omics classification match the current classification but also reveals three subgroups within 1p/19q co-deleted tumours, associated with specific expression patterns of nervous system cell types: oligoden  ...[more]

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