The RNAPII-CTD Maintains Genome Integrity Through Inhibition of Retrotransposon Gene Expression and Transposition
ABSTRACT: ChIP-chip by array of S. cerevisiae cells to investigate the genome wide occupancy of phospho-S2 and phospho-S5 forms of the RNAPII-CTD. ChIP-chip by array of S. cerevisiae cells to investigate the genome wide occupancy of Ste12 and Tec1.
Project description:Experiment to obtain the genome-wide distribution of DNA:RNA hybrid prone loci in Saccharomyces cerevisiae by DNA:RNA immunoprecipitation and tiling microarray (DRIP-chip). Samples: wild type, Rnase H deletion mutant, hpr1 deletion mutant, sen1-1 temperature sensitive mutant.
Project description:Sgs1 is a DNA helicase with roles in DNA replication and repair. DNA repair proteins have been linked to genome instability in part by altering the landscape of DNA:RNA hybrids. Here, we mapped the Sgs1 binding profile along with the profile of DNA:RNA hybrids and gammaH2A genome-wide in an effort to identify direct vs indirect effects of Sgs1 in DNA:RNA hybrid and gammaH2A distribution. The wild type DNA:RNA hybrid sample was reported previously in E-MTAB-2388.
Project description:To define the molecular regulators required for differential pattern of H3K79 methylation by Dot1, we performed a GPS screen and discovered that the components of the cell cycle-regulated SBF complex were required for normal levels of H3K79 di- but not trimethylation. Genome-wide mapping revealed that H3K79 di- and trimethylation to present a mutually exclusive pattern on chromatin with M/G1 cell-cycle-regulated genes significantly enriched for H3K79 dimethylation. Since H3K79 trimethylation requires prior monoubiquitination of H2B, we performed genome-wide profiling of H2BK123 monoubiquitination and showed that H2BK123 monoubiquitination is excluded from cell cycle regulated genes and sites containing H3K79me2 but not from H3K79me3 containing regions. A genome-wide screen for factors responsible for the establishment/removal of H3K79 dimethylation resulted in the identification of several genes including NRM1 and WHI3, which both impact the transcription by the SBF, and MBF complexes, further linking the regulation of H3K79's methylation status to the cell cycle.
Project description:The NuA4 histone acetyltransferase (HAT) complex is required for gene specific regulation, cell cycle progression, and DNA repair. Dissection of the 13-subunit complex reveals that the Eaf7 subunit bridges Eaf5 with Eaf3, a H3K36me3-binding chromodomain protein, and this Eaf5/7/3 trimer is anchored to NuA4 through Eaf5. This subcomplex represents a functional module as deletions of these genes create similar phenotypes and a large portion of the trimer exists in a native form outside the NuA4 complex. Gene-specific and genome-wide location analyses indicate that the Eaf5/7/3 trimer correlates with transcription activity and is enriched over the coding region. In agreement with a role in transcription elongation, the Eaf5/7/3 trimer interacts with phosphorylated RNA polymerase II and helps its progression. In addition, loss of Eaf5/7/3 partially suppresses intragenic cryptic transcription arising in set2 mutant cells, suggesting a role in nucleosome destabilization. Such a function is supported by genetic interactions with the FACT histone chaperone. On the other hand, loss of the trimer leads to an increase of replication-independent histone exchange over the coding region of transcribed genes. Taken together, these results lead to a model where Eaf5/7/3 associates with elongating polymerase and is involved in the disassembly of nucleosomes in front of the polymerase, but also in their recycling in its wake.
Project description:The Hox genes are responsible for generating morphological diversity along the anterior-posterior axis during animal development. The Drosophila Hox gene Ultrabithorax (Ubx), for example, is required for specifying the identity of the third thoracic (T3) segment of the adult, which includes the dorsal haltere, an appendage required for flight, and the ventral T3 leg. Ubx mutants show homeotic transformations of the T3 leg towards the identity of the T2 leg and the haltere towards the wing. All Hox genes, including Ubx, encode homeodomain containing transcription factors, raising the question of what target genes Ubx regulates to generate these adult structures. To address this question, we carried out whole genome ChIP-chip studies to identify all of the Ubx bound regions in the haltere and T3 leg imaginal discs, which are the precursors to these adult structures. In addition, we used ChIP-chip to identify the sites bound by the Hox cofactor, Homothorax (Hth). This is a dataset generated by the Drosophila Regulatory Elements modENCODE Project led by Kevin P. White at the University of Chicago. This dataset was generated in collaboration with Richard S. Mann at Columbia University. It contains ChIP-chip data on Affymetrix Drosophila Tiling 2.0R arrays for multiple transcription factor antibodies in multiple Drosophila tissues. For data usage terms and conditions, please refer to http://www.genome.gov/27528022 and http://www.genome.gov/Pages/Research/ENCODE/ENCODEDataReleasePolicyFinal2008.pdf Haltere or leg imaginal discs ChIPped for Ubx or Hth vs. input DNA from corresponding imaginal discs. For each combination of tissue and antibody, ChIP experiments have been performed and hybridized on Affymetrix Drosophila Tiling 2.0R arrays. At least 3 biological replicates for the ChIP sample have been hybridized.
Project description:The transcription cofactor Yki drives growth and proliferation in part by controlling mitochondrial network formation. To determine if Yki and Sd are directly bound to DNA corresponding to mitochondrial genes, we used chromatin immunoprecipitation and whole genome tiling arrays (ChIP-chip) to identify regions bound by these factors in eye-antenna and wing imaginal discs. The supplementary .bed files contain all Yki or Sd binding sites (called at 5% FDR) in wing or eye-antenna imaginal discs, as well as shared Sd+Yki sites and associated target genes. Wing or eye-antenna imaginal discs ChIPped for Yki or Sd-GFP vs. input DNA from corresponding imaginal discs.