MicroRNA profiling by high-throughput sequencing in the substantia nigra and striatum of Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) transgenic mice and wild type controls
ABSTRACT: Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal rapidly progressive Ia-synucleinopathy, characterized by prominent Ia-synuclein accumulation in oligodendrocytes. In this study we investigated miRNA expression in the substantia nigra and striatum of MSA transgenic mice (Tg(Plp1-SNCA)1Haa) and wild type controls. This forms part of a larger study in which we investigated miRNA-mRNA regulatory network in substantia nigra and striatum of MSA transgenic mice in pre-motor stage of neurodegenration.
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal rapidly progressive α-synucleinopathy, characterized by α-synuclein accumulation in oligodendrocytes. It is accepted that the pathological α-synuclein accumulation in the brain of MSA patients plays a leading role in the disease process, but little is known about the events in the early stages of the disease. In this study we aimed to define potential roles of the miRNA-mRNA regulatory network in the early pre-motor stages of the disease, i.e., downstream ...[more]
Project description:Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal rapidly progressive α-synucleinopathy, characterized by prominent α-synuclein accumulation in oligodendrocytes. In this study we used Exiqon microarrays to investigate micro RNA expression in substantia nigra and striatum of MSA transgenic mice (Tg(Plp1-SNCA)1Haa) and wild type controls. This forms part of a larger study in which we investigated miRNA-mRNA regulatory network in substantia nagra and striatum of MSA transgenic mice in pre-motor stage of neurodegenration.
Project description:Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a fatal rapidly progressive α-synucleinopathy, characterized by prominent α-synuclein accumulation in oligodendrocytes. In this study we investigated mRNA expression in substantia nigra of MSA transgenic mice (Tg(Plp1-SNCA)1Haa) and wild type controls. This forms part of a larger study in which we investigated miRNA-mRNA regulatory network in substantia nagra and striatum of MSA transgenic mice in pre-motor stage of neurodegenration.
Project description:To determine the effects of depleting TIP60, CDK8, or HIF1A on the transcriptional response to hypoxia, we performed RNAseq analysis of four HCT116 colorectal carcinoma cell lines (shNT, HIF1A-/-, shTIP60 and shCDK8) in normoxic and hypoxic (24hrs, 1% O2) conditions. PolyA RNA for two independent biological replicates was purified from HCT116 cells stably expressing an shRNA against a non-targeting control (shNT), TIP60 (shTIP60) or CDK8 (shCDK8), or genetically deleted HIF1A (HIF1A-/-) subjected to 24hrs 1% O2 (hypoxia) or maintained under ambient oxygen (21%; normoxia) was sequenced on the Ion Torrent platform. Reads were aligned to the human genome and gene-level counts were used for differential expression analysis.
Project description:Levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) is a common consequence of prolonged pharmacotherapy for Parkinson's disease (PD). While LID becomes more common with long term exposure to levodopa, its development can be quite variable. We leveraged the variable expression of LID in a rat model to interrogate differential gene expression in the substantia nigra and striatum of animals that develop LID and those that do not. Differential expression of genes associated with LID was found only in striatum, not substantia nigra. Overall design: All rats were unilaterally lesioned using identical parameters with either 6-hydroxydopamine or vehicle lesion. Success was determined by >90% reduction of DA in the striatum as measured by HPLC, and behaviorally using non-drugged motor behavior testing. Daily injections of levodopa or saline were commenced 3.5 weeks after 6-OHDA lesioning. LID behaviors were rated every other day for a total of seven sessions.
Project description:Detailed analysis of disease-affected tissue provides insight into molecular mechanisms contributing to pathogenesis. Substantia nigra, striatum and cortex are functionally connected with increasing degrees of alpha-synuclein pathology in Parkinson's disease. Functional and causal pathway analysis of gene expression and proteomic alterations in these three regions revealed pathways that correlated with deposition of alpha-synuclein. Microarray and RNAseq experiments revealed previously unidentified causal changes related to oligodendrocyte function and synaptic vesicle release and other changes were reflected across all brain regions. Importantly a subset of these changes were replicated in Parkinson's disease blood. Proteomic assessment revealed alterations in mitochondria and vesicular transport proteins that preceded gene gene expression changes indicating defects in translation and/or protein turnover. Our combined approach of proteomics, RNAseq and microarray analyses provides a comprehensive view of the molecular changes that accompany alpha-synculein pathology in Parkinson's disease, and may be instrumental in understanding and diagnosing Parkinson's disease progression. Substantia Nigra (3 normal, 3 PD), Striatum (6 normal, 6 PD), Cortex (5 normal, 5 PD), Cortex non-PD neurodegeneration (2 normal, 3 DLB). Note Sample X201264 was used both for Cortex normal and for Cortex nonPD normal
Project description:5069 transcriptomes of single oligodendrocyte cells from spinal cord, substantia nigra-ventral tegmental area, striatum, amygdala, hypothalamic nuclei, zona incerta, hippocampus, and somatosensory cortex of male and female mice between post-natal day 21 and 90. The study aimed at identifying diverse populations of oligodendrocytes, and revealing dynamics of oligodendrocyte maturation. 5069 individual cells were sampled from CNS regions of mice of various strains as detailed in the protocols section
Project description:We report for the first time movement of Correia Repeat Enclosed Elements, through inversion of the element at its chromosomal location. Analysis of Ion Torrent generated genome sequence data from Neisseria gonorrhoeae strain NCCP11945 passaged for 8 weeks in the laboratory under standard conditions and stress conditions revealed a total of 37 inversions: 24 were exclusively seen in the stressed sample; 7 in the control sample; and the remaining 3 were seen in both samples. These inversions have the capability to alter gene expression in N. gonorrhoeae through the previously determined activities of the sequence features of these elements. In addition, the locations of predicted non-coding RNAs were investigated to identify potential associations with CREE. Associations varied between strains, as did the number of each element identified. The analysis indicates a role for CREE in disrupting ancestral regulatory networks, including non-coding RNAs. RNA-Seq was used to examine expression changes related to Correia repeats in the strain
Project description:In Parkinson’s disease (PD), the progressive loss of substantia nigra dopamine cells has been associated with their vulnerability to oxidative stress, inflammation, and mitochondrial dysfunction. To identify multiple gene transcription alterations that may potentially underlie early stages of related degenerative processes in brain, we used the subcrhonic MPTP mouse model of PD and microarray analysis at 4 days post-MPTP when neurotoxic activity is maximal. Since PD results in gene changes throughout the brain, we assessed MPTP's effects in multiple regions: frontal cortex, striatum and midbrain. Experiment Overall Design: Mus musculus adults were randomly assigned to either MPTP or saline treatment groups. Brain regions of interest (frontal cortex, striatum and midbrain) were dissected from both groups for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:We used ATLAS-seq to comprehensively map the genomic location of LINE-1 elements belonging to the youngest and potentially polymorphic subfamily (L1HS-Ta). This was performed in a panel of 12 human primary or transformed cell lines (BJ, IMR90, MRC5, H1, K562, HCT116, HeLa S3, HepG2, MCF7, HEK-293, HEK-293T, 2102Ep). In brief, ATLAS-seq relies on the random mechanical fragmentation of the genomic DNA to ensure high-coverage, ligation of adapter sequences, suppression PCR-amplification of L1HS-Ta element junctions, and Ion Torrent sequencing using single-end 400 bp read chemistry. A notable aspect of ATLAS-seq is that we can obtain both L1 downstream and upstream junctions (3'- and 5'-ATLAS-seq libraries, respectively), for full-length L1 elements. Note that a 10-nt sample-specific barcode has been removed at the 5' end of the reads in the .fastq files upon demultiplexing. This was achieved using cutadapt v1.9.2.dev0 (with the following parameters: -e 0.1 -q 10 -m 25 -g <barcode_name>=^<barcode_sequence>)