Transcription profiling by array of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in populations from three French overseas territories with deltamethrin resistance against a susceptible lab-grown strain
ABSTRACT: Custom microarrays were used to examine differential gene expression between pyrethroid resistant vs pyrethroid susceptible phenotypes of the dengue vector mosquito Aedes aegypti. Pyrethroid resistant population were from Cayenne (French Guiana, GUY), Baie Mahault (Guadeloupe, GUA) and Noumea (New Caledonia, CAL) whilst New Orleans lab colony represented the lab susceptible strain Pools of total RNA was extracted from the whole bodies of 3 day old female mosquitoes that had survived exposure to 0.06% deltamethrin (for GUY, GUA, CAL) . Single colour hybridization experiments were performed using labelled cDNA on the Agilent 'Aedes aegypti detox chip plus': A-MTAB-574. Four unique biological replicates per population were used in the study
Project description:Transcriptome profiling of two pyrethroid resistant strains of Aedes aegypti compared to a susceptible strain. The two resistant strains are from Cuba and Cayman Island and the susceptible strain from New Orleans.
Project description:The transcriptional profile of pyrethroid resistant Anopheles arabiensis from Zanzibar. Anopheles arabiensis from Pemba Island, exposed (Survivors) and non-exposed (Pemba) to a discriminating dose of the pyrethroid lambda-cyhalothrin were compared to two insecticide susceptible strains from Zanzibar island (Unguja) and Dar es Salaam (Dar).
Project description:The transcriptional profile of Anopheles arabiensis collected from a pyrethroid resistant area on Pemba Island collected in 2011 was compared to that of a lab susceptible colony of Anopheles arabiensis (MOZ).
Project description:The goal of the study was to investigate gene expression differences in Hyalella azteca exposed to pyrethroid insecticides and compare a laboratory strain to a wild population believed to be resistant to the pesticides. H. azteca reared in the laboratory at the University of CA, Berkeley (UCB) were exposed to cyfluthrin, a commerical pyrethroid insecticide for 96-h. A wild population collected from Grayson Creek (GC), CA was reared in the laboratory for several days and also exposed to cyfluthrin. Toxicity testing revealed that GC animals were two orders of magnitude less sensitive to cyfluthrin compared to the laboratory animals with the no observed effect concentration (NOEC) for UCB = 0.4 ng/L and GC= 170 ng/L. Unexposed, control animals and animals exposed to 0.4 ng/L (GC and UCB) or 170 ng/L cyfluthrin were collected following 96-h treatments. Differences in gene expression were measured using a custom Hyalella azteca microarray. Gene expression profiles revealed that laboratory H. azteca responded to cyfluthrin through differential expression of genes involved in neurological system processes. In contract, H. azteca from Grayson Creek showed a pattern of oxidative stress through the differential expression of glutathione-S-transferases, heat shock proteins, and other genes involved in oxidation-reduction processes. Four replicate exposures consisting of ten animals were collected for each treatment or control. A one-color hybridization protocol was used so that each sample was labeled with cy3 and only one sample was hybridized to each array.
Project description:Anopheles gambiae isofemale families from Tororo, Uganda were assayed for resistance to lambda-cyhalothrin (1.5hr exposure). Resistant families were compared to susceptible families. A portion of each family was exposed to 0.05% lambda-cyhalothrin in order to determine the family phenotype. The families used for the array were of known phenotype but were themselves unexposed.
Project description:Bovine IVP blastocysts (day 8) were produced with and without thyroid hormones and gene expression profiles were compared. The IVC media (SOF) was supplemented with 50ng/ml of each T3 and T4. Four independent IVF run, each gave 1 control and 1 treated sample. Each sample is a pool of 5 blastocyst. Total Rna was extracted from each sample, amplified, labeled (also with dye swap) and hybridized to the EmbryoGene custom Agilent array (GPL13226). FlexArray software was used for data analysis.
Project description:We evaluated cutaneous contact hypersensitivity (CHS) in Cnr1-/-/Cnr2-/- animals using the obligate contact allergen 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB), which generates a specific cutaneous T-cell mediated allergic response upon repeated allergen contact. Allergic contact dermatitis affects about 5% of men and 11% of women in industrialized countries and is one of the leading causes for occupational diseases. In an animal model for cutaneous contact hypersensitivity we show that mice lacking both known cannabinoid receptors display exacerbated allergic inflammation. In contrast, fatty acid amide hydrolase deficient mice, which have increased levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide, displayed reduced allergic responses in the skin. Cannabinoid receptor antagonists exacerbated whereas receptor agonists attenuated allergic inflammation. These results demonstrate a protective role of the endocannabinoid system in contact allergy in the skin, and suggest a novel target for therapeutic intervention. Experiment Overall Design: Three wildtype mice (Wt) and three Cnr1-/-/Cnr2-/- (Ko) mice were used. Contact hypersensitivity was determined always at the right ears, which therefore were treated with DNFB (Tr). Left ears of mice were kept untreated and served as control ears (C). A total of 12 hybridizations were performed (2 strains x 2 treatments X 3 biological replicates) in this experiment.