Single-cell whole genome sequencing of brain cells of control patients
ABSTRACT: We used single-cell whole genome sequencing (scWGS) to assess aneuploidy in isolated neurons from the frontal cortex of control individuals. This experiment is related to E-MTAB-4184, which contains Alzheimer's disease samples.
Project description:We used single-cell whole genome sequencing (scWGS) to assess aneuploidy in isolated neurons from the frontal cortex individuals with mild AD (Braak stage III) and individuals with advanced AD (Braak stage VI). This experiment is related to E-MTAB-4185, which contains control samples.
Project description:Dark-grown seedlings exhibit skotomorphogenic development. Genetic and molecular evidence indicates that a quartet of Arabidopsis Phytochrome (phy)-Interacting bHLH Factors (PIF1, 3, 4 and 5) are critically necessary to maintaining this developmental state, and that light activation of phy induces a switch to photomorphogenic development by inducing rapid degradation of the PIFs. Here, using combined ChIP-seq and RNA-seq analyses, we have identified genes that are direct targets of PIF3 transcriptional regulation, and we provide evidence that the quartet collectively regulate these genes by shared, direct binding to the target promoters in promoting skotomorphogenesis. Four biological replicates data of PIF3-binding sites were collected by comparing the parallel ChIP samples from transgenic seedlings overexpressing Myc-epitope-tagged PIF3 (35S:PIF3-5xMyc, P3M) in pif3-3 null mutant background and the wild-type (WT) control.
Project description:Achieved biospecimens annotated with patient clinical characteristics are unique resources for translational research. However, RNA extracted from the achieved tissues is often degraded. RNA degradation can have a significant impact on the measure of transcript abundance that can lead to an increase rate of erroneous differentially expressed genes. Here, we are presenting the transcript integrity number (TIN) algorithm to measure the RNA degradation at transcript level. When applied to RNA-seq datasets generated from human brain Glioblastome cell line, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) clinical tissues, TIN provided a more reliable and more sensitive measure of RNA degradation than RIN, as demonstrated by much higher concordance with the RNA fragment size estimated from read pairs. More importantly, when comparing 10 mCRPC samples with lower RNA quality to another 10 samples with higher RNA quality, we demonstrated that calibrating gene quantification with TIN scores could mitigate RNA degradation effects and greatly improve gene expression analysis. The detected differentially expressed genes before TIN correction were predominantly ribosomal genes. However, when we adjusted gene quantifications with the corresponding TIN scores, we found differentially expressed genes were highly enriched in prostate cancer specific pathways. When further evaluating the performance of TIN correction using synthetic spike-in transcripts with predetermined abundance in RNA-seq data generated from Sequencing Control Consortium (SEQC), we found TIN adjustment had a better control of false positives and false negatives (sensitivity = 0.89, specificity = 0.91), as compared to gene expression analysis results without TIN correction (sensitivity =0.98, specificity = 0.50). RNA sequencing of 20 bone-metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) using Illumina HiSeq 2500. Out of 20 mCRPC samples, 10 samples have relative low RNA integrity and another 10 samples have relative higher RNA integrity as measured by Agilent RIN score.
Project description:Background: To better understand the role DNA methylation plays in regulating gene expression in the developng heart and furthermore the role it plays in heart development we performed genome wide DNA methylation profiling of embryonic hearts at embryonic day (E)11.5 and E14.5 using methyl sensitive tiny fragment enrichment coupled with massive parallel sequencing by using the methyl-sensitive restriction enzyme HpyCH4IV, recognition site 'ACGT'. Results: We found that global methylation remains stable at analyzed 'ACGT' sites (1.64 million site) in developing hearts between E11.5 and E14.5. However, differential methylation was identified at individual loci enriched at genes involved in heart development suggesting a role for DNA methylation in the developing heart. Used Methyl Sensitive Tiny Fragment Enrichment/Massive Parallel Sequencing (MSFE/MPS) to assay methylation at 'ACGT' sites throughout the genome and generate a developmental profile of DNA methylation in the embryonic heart and to identify differences between developing mouse hearts at E11.5 and E14.5.
Project description:We developed an enrichment-free, metabolic-based assay for rapid detection of tumor cells in the pleural effusion and peripheral blood samples. All nucleated cells are plated on microwell chips that contain 200,000 addressable microwells and then screened the chips. After candidate tumor cells were identified, retrieved single tumor cells with micromanipultor. To detection and analysis molecular characterization of these circulating tumor cells, we performed single cell whole genome amplification with multiple displacement amplification (MDA) technology and whole exome sequencing.
Project description:Polyadenylation of mRNA is a key step in eu- karyotic gene expression. However, despite the ma- jor impact of poly(A) tails on mRNA metabolism, the precise roles of poly(A)-binding proteins (PABPs) in nuclear mRNA biogenesis remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that rapid nuclear depletion of the S. cerevisiae PABP Nab2p leads to a global loss of cellular mRNA, but not of RNA lacking poly(A) tails. Disappearance of mRNA is a nuclear event, but not due to decreased transcription. Instead, the absence of Nab2p results in robust nuclear mRNA decay by the ribonucleolytic RNA exosome in a polyadenylation-dependent process. We con- clude that Nab2p is required to protect early mRNA and therefore constitutes a crucial nuclear mRNA biogenesis factor. For RNAseq experiments, 2 independent biological replicates of Nab2-AA cells (Y3284) without rapamycin, or treated for 15’ or 30’, as well as control cells (Y2615) treated with rapamycin for 30’ were used. S. Pombe spike-in were used to normalize across samples.
Project description:whole genome analysis of RNA pol II and histone H3 in WT and Spt6-depleted cells using a tetracycline regulated ts degron mutant, spt6-td. ChIP-seq of histone H3and pol II in budding yeast (W303 background)
Project description:Somatic cells can be directly reprogrammed to pluripotency by exogenous expression of transcription factors, classically Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc. While distinct types of somatic cells can be reprogramed with varying efficiencies and by different modified reprogramming protocols, induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) induction remains inefficient and stochastic where a fraction of the cells converts into iPSCs. The nature of rate limiting barrier(s) preventing majority of cells to convert into iPSCs remains elusive. Here we show that neutralizing Mbd3, a core member of the Mbd3/NURD co-repressor and chromatin-remodeling complex, results in deterministic and synchronized reprogramming of multiple differentiated cell types to pluripotency. 100% of Mbd3 depleted mouse and human somatic cells convert into iPSCs after seven days of reprogramming factor induction. Our findings delineate a critical pathway blocking the reestablishment of pluripotency, and offer a novel platform for future dissection of epigenetic dynamics leading to iPSC formation at high resolution. Reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) was applied to mouse iPS cells and mouse embryonic fibroblast (MEF) before and after DOX induction (initiating reprogramming by OSKM factors) from randomly selected Mbd3+/+ and Mbd3flox/- clonal cell line series. Polyclonal donor cell cultures were harvested at days 0,4 and 8 after DOX reprogramming without selection or sorting for any marker or passaging, and mapped for similarity to subcloned iPSC lines.