Transcription profiling by high throughput sequencing of the developing grain and leaf-stem of common wheat cultivar Nongda211
ABSTRACT: In this study, two cDNA libraries for the developing grain and leaf-stem components of common wheat cultivar Nongda211 were constructed. We plan to study the genes which are differentially expressed in the grain.
Project description:Wheat seed development is a very important stage in the cereal crops seed life cycle. The accumulation reserves of wheat mature seeds provide not only the food for human and livestock feed, but also the energy for the seed germination.However, due to the large genome size, many studies related to wheat seed are very complex and uncompleted. Transcriptome analysis of elite Chinses bread wheat cultivar Jimai 20 may provides a comprehensive understanding of wheat seed development. Seed development involves in the regulation of large number of genes, whether these genes are normal activated or not is very important to seed development. We performed microarray analysis using the Affymetrix Gene Chip to reveal the gene expression profiles in the phases of wheat cultivar Jimai 20 grain filling. Our results provide a new insights into the thoroughly metabolic changes of seed development as well as the key differentially expressed genes involved in wheat grain development. Overall design: The three groups including development seeds were harvest at three successive phases, which were 11 (P1), 15 (P2), 20 (P3) days post-anthesis (DPA) respectively. Three independent experiments were performed for each group.
Project description:We used microarray to study the transcriptome response of wheat flag leaves to heat stress (40℃) In order to study the transcriptome response of wheat flag leaf to heat stress, wheat cultivar ‘TAM 107’ plants were subjected to heat stress (40℃). After 1 hour of stress, flag leaves were sampled from both stressed and control plants and were used for microarray analysis.
Project description:Waxy starch has an important influence on the qualities of breads. Generally, grain weight and yield in waxy wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) are significantly lower than in bread wheat. In this study, we performed the first proteomic and phosphoproteomic analyses of starch granule-binding proteins by comparing the waxy wheat cultivar Shannong 119 and the bread wheat cultivar Nongda 5181. These results indicate that reduced amylose content does not affect amylopectin synthesis, but it causes significant reduction of total starch biosynthesis, grain size, weight and grain yield. Two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis identified 40 differentially expressed protein (DEP) spots in waxy and non-waxy wheats, which belonged mainly to starch synthase (SS) I, SS IIa and granule-bound SS I. Most DEPs involved in amylopectin synthesis showed a similar expression pattern during grain development, suggesting relatively independent amylose and amylopectin synthesis pathways. Phosphoproteome analysis of starch granule-binding proteins, using TiO2 microcolumns and LC-MS/MS, showed that the total number of phosphoproteins and their phosphorylation levels in ND5181 were significantly higher than in SN119, but proteins controlling amylopectin synthesis had similar phosphorylation levels. Our results revealed the lack of amylose did not affect the expression and phosphorylation of the starch granule-binding proteins involved in amylopectin biosynthesis.
Project description:To provide a global study of transcriptome changes under drought stress, the gene expression levels of a durum wheat genotype (Triticum durum Desf. cultivar Creso) and two bread wheat genotypes (Triticum aestivum L. cultivar Chinese Spring -CS- and its deletion line CS_5AL-10) were investigated. The 5A chromosome deletion line (5AL-10) lacks the distal part (43%) of the long arm of chromosome 5A. Each genotype was subjected to two different levels of water stress at the grain filling stage. After anthesis, three different levels of soil water content (SWC) were induced as described below: control (CTRL; SWC=28%), moderate stress (MS; SWC=18%), and severe stress (SS; SWC=12.5%). For each sample, three biological replicates were performed, for a total of 27 hybridizations. ****[PLEXdb(http://www.plexdb.org) has submitted this series at GEO on behalf of the original contributor, Alessio Aprile. The equivalent experiment is TA23 at PLEXdb.] genotype: Creso - stress condition: Control(3-replications); genotype: Creso - stress condition: Mild stress(3-replications); genotype: Creso - stress condition: Severe stress(3-replications); genotype: CS - stress condition: Control(3-replications); genotype: CS - stress condition: Mild stress(3-replications); genotype: CS - stress condition: Severe stress(3-replications); genotype: CS-5AL - stress condition: Control(3-replications); genotype: CS-5AL - stress condition: Mild stress(3-replications); genotype: CS-5AL - stress condition: Severe stress(3-replications)
Project description:The aim of this project is to highlight cell wall proteome of wheat developing at a key stage of its development (=250 GDD, start of grain filling with storage compounds). It's the first study in which endosperm were separated of outer layers in order to gain more information about the mechanisms of cell wall assembly and remodeling.
Project description:The central part of Brazil, consisting mostly of the Cerrado Biome, is considered to be the new frontier for increasing Brazilian wheat production. However, rainfed wheat production in that area must cope with drought stress. In order to better understand the drought response, we analyzed the mRNA profiling under drought in roots and leaves of the cultivar MGS1 Aliança (a well-adapted cultivar to the Cerrado). We identified 4,422 candidate genes in roots and leaves. Overall design: Seeds of wheat cultivar MGS1 Aliança were grown in pots in a glasshouse. Control plants were watered and grown for 5 weeks while, in the drought treatment, plants were watered for 2 weeks following 3 weeks of water deprivation. RNA extraction of pooled leaves or root tissues was carried out and four cDNA libraries (root control, root stressed, leaf control, and leaf stressed) were sequenced using Roche 454 FLX.
Project description:We aimed to identify targets of miRNAs during wheat grain development by using degradome sequencing approach. Two degradome libraries were constructed from wheat grains. Verification of miRNA targets from two degradome libraries in developing wheat grains.