Transcription profiling by high throughput sequencing in different primary root segments of Zea mays
ABSTRACT: In this study RNA-sequencing was used to monitor gene expression changes in four tissues (meristematic zone, elongation zone, and cortex and stele of the mature zone) of maize (Zea mays L.) primary roots in response to water deficit to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying drought tolerance.
Maize develops a complex root system composed of embryonic and post-embryonic roots. Spatio-temporal differences in the formation of these root types imply specific functions during maize development. A comparative transcriptomic study of embryonic primary and seminal, and post-embryonic crown roots of the maize inbred line B73 by RNA sequencing along with anatomical studies were conducted early in development. Seminal roots displayed unique anatomical features, whereas the organization of prima ...[more]
Project description:In this study RNA-sequencing was used to monitor gene expression changes in four tissues (meristematic zone, elongation zone, and cortex and stele of the mature zone) of maize (Zea mays L.) primary roots in response to water deficit to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying drought tolerance.
Project description:RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) in plants is a well-characterized example of RNA interference-related transcriptional gene silencing. To determine the relationships between RdDM and heterochromatin in the repeat-rich maize (Zea mays) genome, we performed whole-genome analyses of several heterochromatic features: dimethylation of lysine 9 and lysine 27 (H3K9me2 and H3K27me2), chromatin accessibility, DNA methylation, and small RNAs; we also analyzed two mutants that affect these processes, mediator of paramutation1 and zea methyltransferase2.
Project description:Saha2011- Genome-scale metabolic network of
Zea mays (iRS1563)
This model is described in the article:
Zea mays iRS1563: a
comprehensive genome-scale metabolic reconstruction of maize
Saha R, Suthers PF, Maranas
PLoS ONE 2011; 6(7): e21784
The scope and breadth of genome-scale metabolic
reconstructions have continued to expand over the last decade.
Herein, we introduce a genome-scale model for a plant with
direct applications to food and bioenergy production (i.e.,
maize). Maize annotation is still underway, which introduces
significant challenges in the association of metabolic
functions to genes. The developed model is designed to meet
rigorous standards on gene-protein-reaction (GPR) associations,
elementally and charged balanced reactions and a biomass
reaction abstracting the relative contribution of all biomass
constituents. The metabolic network contains 1,563 genes and
1,825 metabolites involved in 1,985 reactions from primary and
secondary maize metabolism. For approximately 42% of the
reactions direct literature evidence for the participation of
the reaction in maize was found. As many as 445 reactions and
369 metabolites are unique to the maize model compared to the
AraGEM model for A. thaliana. 674 metabolites and 893 reactions
are present in Zea mays iRS1563 that are not accounted for in
maize C4GEM. All reactions are elementally and charged balanced
and localized into six different compartments (i.e., cytoplasm,
mitochondrion, plastid, peroxisome, vacuole and extracellular).
GPR associations are also established based on the functional
annotation information and homology prediction accounting for
monofunctional, multifunctional and multimeric proteins,
isozymes and protein complexes. We describe results from
performing flux balance analysis under different physiological
conditions, (i.e., photosynthesis, photorespiration and
respiration) of a C4 plant and also explore model predictions
against experimental observations for two naturally occurring
mutants (i.e., bm1 and bm3). The developed model corresponds to
the largest and more complete to-date effort at cataloguing
metabolism for a plant species.
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Project description:In this study RNA-sequencing was used to monitor gene expression changes in stele tissue of maize (Zea mays L.) shoot-borne roots in response to local high nitrate stimulation to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying nitrate signal and lateral root development.M
Project description:The differentiation of specialized feeding sites in Zea mays root cells in response to nematode infestation involves substantial cellular reprogramming of host cells that is not well characterized at the molecular level. Expression data was generated from Zea mays root cells undergoing giant cell formation due to nematode infestation and from non-infested control root cells. Cells were laser captured 14 and 21 days after infestation. Overall design: Each time point (14 day and 21 day) consisted of three biological replicates per treatment (control root cells or giant cells). Control cells were captured from an area ~13,000,000 um2 in size and giant cells were captured from an area ~5,000,000 um2 in size. RNA samples were isolated using the PicoPure RNA Isolation Kit (Arcturus, Mountain View, USA). RNA amplifications were carried out with the NuGEN WT-Ovation Pico kit.
Project description:In this study we perform a transcriptomics analysis of two maize (Zea mays) organs, roots and leaves, from plants grown in the presence of a sufficient (1000 uM) or limiting (10 uM) concentration of soil phosphate. Overall design: Duplicate root and leaf mRNA profiles for plants grown in the presence of 1000 uM or 10 uM soil phosphate.