Exome sequencing in classic Hairy cell leukaemia reveals widespread variation in acquired somatic mutations between individual tumours apart from the signature BRAF V(600)E lesion
ABSTRACT: Whole exome sequencing of 5 HCLc tumor-germline pairs. Genomic DNA from HCLc tumor cells and T-cells for germline was used. Whole exome enrichment was performed with either Agilent SureSelect (50Mb, samples S3G/T, S5G/T, S9G/T) or Roche Nimblegen (44.1Mb, samples S4G/T and S6G/T). The resulting exome libraries were sequenced on the Illumina HiSeq platform with paired-end 100bp reads to an average depth of 120-134x. Bam files were generated using NovoalignMPI (v3.0) to align the raw fastq files to the reference genome sequence (hg19) and picard tools (v1.34) to flag duplicate reads (optical or pcr), unmapped reads, reads mapping to more than one location, and reads failing vendor QC.
A number of parameters affecting the adsorption of rRNA and poly(A)-containing RNA to Millipore filters were investigated separately. Binding of both types of RNA to the filter was dependent on the concentration of RNA, pH and Mg2+ concentration of the reaction mixture. Both types of RNA bound to the filter optimally at slightly acid pH values. The binding of poly(A)-containing RNA to the filter exhibited a broad pH-dependence compared with that of rRNA. The ratio of poly(A)-rich RNA/rRNA retain ...[more]
Project description:Whole exome sequencing of 5 MDS/MPN patients to identify the target of chromosome 22 acquired uniparental disomy (22aUPD). For samples E4051 and E6523, peripheral blood leucocytes (tumour) and cultured T-cells (germline) were prepared for exome sequencing using the Agilent SureSelect kit (Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA, USA) (Human All Exon 50 Mb) and then sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq 2000 (Illumina, Great Abington, UK) at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, Oxford, UK. For samples ULSAM1182, ULSAM1242 and ULSAM1356, peripheral blood leukocyte DNA only were exome sequenced by SciLifeLab (Stockholm, Sweden).
Project description:This study involves characterization of four head and neck cancer cell lines -- NT8e, OT9, AW13516 and AW8507, established from Indian head and neck cancer patients, using SNP arrays, whole exome and whole transcriptome sequencing.
Project description:This experiment was conducted to generate targeted resequencing data covering a region associated with osteosarcoma in greyhounds. 8 greyhounds diagnosed with osteosarcoma and 7 greyhounds without tumors were sequenced. DNA from the 15 dogs was used to prepare libraries and hybrid capture performed to enrich the region of interest prior to paired-end sequencing using Illumina Genome Analyzer II. The reads were aligned to the dog-genome CanFam2.0 using bwa and pre-processed using Picard and GATK. Variant discovery was performed using GATK. The resulting list of variants were used in the study to finemap the associated region and look for causal variants. We submit the preprocessed BAM-files that still have all reads although some reads are flagged. We also submit the resulting vcf-file with called and filtered variants in all individuals.
Project description:Whole Exome sequencing of two patients with Cardiac angiosarcoma in Li-Fraumeni-like families discovers that a mutation in the pot1 gene is responsible for cardiac angiosarcoma in tp53-negative li-fraumeni-like families
Project description:Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is a fatal bile duct cancer with dismal prognosis and limited therapeutic options. By performing RNA- and exome sequencing analyses we have discovered a novel fusion event, FGFR2-PPHLN1 (16%), and damaging mutations in the ARAF oncogene (11%). Methods: mRNA and gDNA were exctracted from fresh frozen tumor tissues and corresponding normal tissue (n=8 pairs) from patients with iCCA who underwent surgical resection. RNA-seq was performed using Illumina HiSeq 2500 System with 100 nucleotide single-end reads. One sample and its paired non-tumoral tissue were eliminated from the subsequent analysis because of bad RNa quality. The same 8 paired tumors were also analyzed by whole-exome seq. *** Submitter confirms there are no patient privacy concerns with these data. ***
Project description:Disappearance of the Barr body has long been considered a hallmark of cancer, although whether this corresponds to epigenetic instability and transcriptional reactivation, or to genetic loss, has remained unclear. Here we show that in breast cancer cell lines as well as primary breast tumors, the inactive X chromosome frequently displays a highly abnormal 3D nuclear organization, with global perturbations in its characteristic heterochromatic state, including apparent gain of euchromatic marks and lessening of repressive marks such as H3K27me3 and promoter DNA methylation. Genome-wide profiling of chromatin and transcription reveal modified epigenomic landscapes in cancer cells accompanied by a significant degree of X-linked gene reactivation, affecting genes previously implicated in cancer, including the histone deacetylase, HDAC8 and transducin (Beta)-Like 1X-Linked, TBL1X. We provide proof of principle that epigenetic deregulation can indeed perturb the dosage of some X-linked factors and demonstrate that many of these genes are reactivated in primary breast tumors. Our study establishes that the inactive X is subject to epigenetic erosion in a cancer context and sets the stage for the use of chromatin marks and X- chromosome genes as potential biomarkers to assess epigenetic changes in cancer. Examination of allele specific expression of genes in chrX using histone marks, transcriptome, exome and SNP data on two normal cell-line and three cancer cell-line.
Project description:The study includes 14 patients with confirmed JMML and known somatic mutations (from exome data of paired tumoral and germline DNA). Bone marrow or peripheral blood mononucleated cells were injected in immundeficient mice to recapitulate the leukemia. Whole exome sequencing was performed in xenograft samples to control the persistance of patients' known mutations and look for new mutations acquired in xenograft sample.
Project description:Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the most frequent adult leukemia in western countries, is a clonal accumulation of mature B-lymphocytes and its natural history is yet unclear. By using sequencing and cellular biology approaches on a cohort of CLL patient samples, we show here that acquired CLL mutations are observed in hematopoietic multipotent progenitor fractions in the majority of patients. These early CLL mutations include recurrent inactivating mutations in NFKBIE (10.7%) and missense mutations in BRAF (3.6%) and EGR2 (8.3%). Functional analyses demonstrated that BRAF-G469R affects lymphoid differentiation and transforms the T-cell lineage in vivo. In addition, the EGR2 recurrent mutations were associated with transcriptional activation of EGR2 target genes in patients and cell cycle abnormality in cellular model. Our findings indicate that CLL may develop from an initial infra-clinic, pre-leukemic phase affecting immature hematopoietic cells. The aim of this study is to compare exome sequences from tumor cells and T-lymphocytes in order to predict somatic mutations in 24 CLL patients (17 IGHV-unmutated and 7 IGHV-mutated). Enriched exome fragments were subjected to massively parallel sequencing using HiSeq 2000 (Illumina).
Project description:In this study we performed proteogenomic analysis for 9 cell lines of malignant melanoma. The main objectives of the study were identifying the variants originating from point mutations and analyzing the effect of exome data filtering on the outcome of variant identification.