Transcriptome-based comparison of the infection response in maize silks between Fusarium graminearum and Ustilago maydis
ABSTRACT: In this study, RNA-seq based comparative transcriptome analysis was used to study the response between Fusarium graminearum and Ustilago maydis to different growth conditions. RNA-seq libraries were generated from fungal filaments growing in culture (complete medium) and from infected maize silk. This data set contains the data for the Fusarium graminearum and Ustilago maydis medium growth condition.
Project description:In this study, RNA-seq based comparative transcriptome analysis was used to study the genetic response of maize silk to pollen tube penetration and in comparison to the fungal invasion of Fusarium graminearum and Ustilago maydis. RNA-seq libraries of 8 tissues were generated from leaf, root, seed, pollen tube, silk, pollinated silk, infected silk with Fusarium and infected silk with Ustilago.
Project description:Chenopodium quinoa, a pseudo-cereal and facultative halophyte, is a species of great economic potential. When exposed to saline soil, this salt-tolerant crop takes up sodium and chloride ions and sequesters large NaCl quantities in epidermal bladders cells (EBC). We have analyzed the Quinoa EBC transcriptome by RNA sequencing and elucidated the molecular identity and function of key ion transporters. Thereby we analyzed transcripts differentially expressed between EBCs and total leaves under control conditions.
Project description:Phoenix dactylifera seedlings were exposed to heat, drought and combined heat & drought conditions in growth chambers. Leaf samples were collected for total RNA isolation (RNAseq, Illumina HiSeq 1000), and water soluble metabolites. The RNAseq of four biological replicates (two individuals per replicate) were compared against the control condition. Transcriptomics data suggests the combine heat and drought resembled heat response, whereas drought resembled more to control. The hallmarks of heat stress were visible in the transcriptomics data, such as protein misfolding, response to hydrogen peroxide and cell wall modification, as well as ABA signaling in the case of drought. Since the plants were exposed to the stress for several days before harvesting, the early signs of heat stress such as calcium and NO signaling were not detected anymore. In addition, data suggest a significant enrichment of circadian rhythm motifs in the differentially expressed genes in heat and combined heat and drought stresses, suggesting new stress avoidance strategies.
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level in Pseudozyma antarctica T-34, compared to Ustilago maydis UM521. To clarify the transcriptomic characteristics of Pseudozyma antarctica under the conditions of high MEL production, a DNA microarray of both the strains, Pseudozyma antarctica T-34 and Ustilago maydis UM521 was prepared and analyzed the transcriptomes. A DNA chip study using mRNA from the cultures of Pseudozyma antarctica T-34 and Ustilago maydis UM521 demonstrated the gene expression level of each strain.
Project description:Leaf-to-leaf, systemic immune signaling known as systemic acquired resistance (SAR) is poorly understood in monocotyledonous plants. Here, we characterize systemic immunity in barley (Hordeum vulgare) triggered after primary leaf infection with either Pseudomonas syringae pathovar japonica (Psj) or Xanthomonas translucens pathovar cerealis (Xtc). Both pathogens induced resistance in systemic, uninfected leaves against a subsequent challenge infection with Xtc. In contrast to SAR in Arabidopsis thaliana, systemic immunity in barley was not associated with NONEXPRESSOR OF PATHOGENESIS-RELATED GENES1 or the local or systemic accumulation of salicylic acid (SA). Instead, we documented a moderate local but not systemic induction of abscisic acid (ABA) after infection of leaves with Psj. In contrast to SA or its functional analog benzothiadiazole, local applications of the jasmonic acid methyl ester or ABA triggered systemic immunity to Xtc. RNA-seq analysis of local and systemic transcript accumulation revealed unique gene expression changes in response to both Psj and Xtc and a clear separation of local from systemic responses. The systemic response appeared relatively modest and quantitative RT-PCR associated systemic immunity with the local and systemic induction of two WRKY and two ETHYLENE RESPONSIVE FACTOR-like transcription factors. Systemic immunity against Xtc was further associated with transcriptional changes after a secondary/systemic Xtc challenge infection; these changes were dependent on the primary treatment. Taken together, bacteria-induced systemic immunity in barley may be mediated in part by WRKY and ERF-like transcription factors possibly facilitating transcriptional reprogramming to potentiate immunity.
Project description:Fusarium graminearum (teleomorph Gibberella zeae) is a prominent pathogen that infects major cereal crops, such as wheat, barley, and maize. Conidiogenesis had been intensively studied in Aspergillus nidulans and regulatory pathway genes have been known to regulate conidiogenesis in stage specific manner. We reported the functional analyses of flbD, abaA, and wetA orthologs in F. graminearum. To understand genome-wide transcriptional profiling of conidiation, we employed RNA-seq of the wild-type Fusarium graminearum Z-3639 and each gene deletion mutants with three time courses (0 h, 6 h and 12 h after induction of conidiogenesis). AbaA experiment: 6 samples examined: 0 h, 6 h and 12 h after induction of conidiogenesis of Fusarium graminearum Z-3639 wild type and ΔabaA(ΔabaA::gen) mutant strains WetA experiment: 3 samples examined: 0 h, 6 h and 12 h after induction of conidiogenesis of Fusarium graminearum ΔwetA(ΔwetA::gen) mutant strains flbD experiment: 3 samples examined: 0 h, 6 h and 12 h after induction of conidiogenesis of Fusarium graminearum ΔflbD(ΔflbD::gen) mutant strains
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE18750: Controlled expression of compatible and incompatible combinations of Ustilago maydis b-mating type locus genes bE and bW GSE18754: Effect of rbf1 deletion during controlled expression of of Ustilago maydis b-mating type locus genes bE1 and bW2 GSE18756: Rbf1 induced gene expression in Ustilago maydis Refer to individual Series
Project description:Fusarium graminearum (teleomorph Gibberella zeae) is a prominent pathogen that infects major cereal crops, such as wheat, barley, and maize. To dissect molecular mechanisms for initial stage of perithecia development, we compared transcriptomes of fungal cultures harvested from F. graminearum wild-type strain Z-3639, abaA, and fpo1 at 1 day after sexual induction. 9 samples examined: Fungal cultures harvested from Fusarium graminearum wild-type strain Z-3639, abaA, and fpo1 at 1 day after sexual induction.
Project description:Urbs1 of Ustilago maydis is a transcription factor that has been shown to repress its target genes (e.g. sid1, sid2) in the presence of iron. To identify additional genes regulated by Urbs1, we compared transcriptional profiles of the Ustilago maydis wild type strain FB1 grown in complete medium containing glucose with the addition of 10 µM FeSO4 to the Ustilago maydis urbs1 deletion mutant BW12 grown under the same conditions. Keywords: gene induction Strains FB1 (control) and BW12 (urbs1 deletion mutant) were grown in CM glucose in the presence of iron.