Transcriptomics of Burkholderia contaminans sequential isolates
ABSTRACT: RNA-Seq data encompass transcriptomes from two sequential isolates of B. contaminans ST872. Each isolate was cultivated in three conditions (serum, sputum and BSM medium) in three biological replicates.
Several bacterial species from the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) are feared opportunistic pathogens that lead to debilitating lung infections with a high risk of developing fatal septicemia in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. However, the pathogenic potential of other Bcc species is yet unknown. To elucidate clinical relevance of Burkholderia contaminans, a species frequently isolated from CF respiratory samples in Ibero-American countries, we aimed to identify its key virulence factors possi ...[more]
Project description:Chronic airway infection with P. aeruginosa (PA) is a hallmark of cystic fibrosis (CF) disease. The mechanisms producing PA persistence in CF therapies remain poorly understood. To gain insight on PA physiology in patient airways and better understand how in vivo bacterial functioning differs from in vitro conditions, we investigated the in vivo proteomes of PA in 35 sputum samples from 11 CF patients. We developed a novel bacterial-enrichment method enabling improved identification of PA proteome with CF sputum samples. The in vivo PA proteomes were compared with the proteomes of ex vivo-grown PA populations from the same patient sample. We detected 1528 PA proteins (encoded by 1458 core genes and 70 accessory genes) that were expressed in CF airways, of which 1178 proteins were commonly identified with the ex vivo-grown PA populations. Label-free quantitation and proteome comparison revealed the in vivo up-regulation of siderophore TonB-dependent receptors, remodeling in central carbon metabolism including glyoxylate cycle and lactate utilization, and alginate overproduction. Knowledge of these in vivo proteome differences or others derived using the presented methodology could lead to future treatment strategies aimed at altering PA physiology in vivo to compromise infectivity or improve antibiotic efficacy.
Project description:New tools for studying bacterial transcripts at the single nucleotide level offer an unparalleled opportunity to understand the bacterial transcriptome. For the model pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, it is necessary to identify the regulatory inputs for all RNA transcripts, including small RNAs (sRNAs) and coding genes. Here, we use RNA-seq to define the transcriptomes of mutants lacking 18 global regulatory systems that, among other functions, modulate the expression of the SPI1 and SPI2 Type Three secretion systems in S. Typhimurium strain 4/74. We directly compared the roles of the major regulators of transcription, and reported the effects of the regulatory mutations on expression of sRNAs. We also use this method to describe the impact of the RNA chaperone Hfq upon the steady state levels of 280 sRNA transcripts. Transcriptome analysis of S. Typhimurium 4/74 using RNA isolated wild-type and mutants grown under infection-relevant conditions.
Project description:Bacterial transcription is controlled by many transcription factors and promoters. Currently many promoters are mapped only in in vitro conditions. We use an intra-macrophage model to map the promoters and their expression in vivo. Transcriptome analysis of S.Typhimurium 4/74 within macrophages using RNA-seq in biological replicates. dRNA-seq also performed in biological replicates.
Project description:Arrays comparing Pseudomonas aeruginosa growth in a defined synthetic cystic fibrosis sputum medium with and without aromatic amino acids. Additional arrays comparing wild-type Pseudomonas aeruginosa and phhR mutant P. aeruginosa in defined synthetic cystic fibrosis sputum medium.
Project description:We analyze the transcriptomic response of the phytopathogenic enterobacterium Dickeya dadantii to a DNA supercoiling relaxation shock using the gyrase inhibitor novobiocin. The shock was applied to Dickeya cells grown in minimal medium supplemented with sucrose, in exponential or transition to stationary phase, and in minimal medium with sucrose + PGA (a pectin derivative) in transition to stationary phase.
Project description:The gene expression of the opportunictic cystic fibrosis lung pathogen Burkholderia multivorans ATCC 17616 was investigated under different growth conditions relevant for growth in the cystic fibrosis lung.
Project description:The opportunistic bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major nosocomial pathogen causing both devastating acute and chronic persistent infections. During the course of an infection, P. aeruginosa rapidly adapts to the specific conditions within the host. In the present study, we aimed at the identification of genes that are highly expressed during biofilm infections such as in chronically infected lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), burn wounds and subcutaneous mouse tumours. We found a common subset of differentially regulated genes in all three in vivo habitats and evaluated whether their inactivation impacts on the bacterial capability to form biofilms in vitro and to establish biofilm-associated infections in a murine model. Additive effects on biofilm formation and host colonization were discovered by the combined inactivation of several highly expressed genes. However, even combined inactivation was not sufficient to abolish the establishment of an infection completely. These findings can be interpreted as evidence that either redundant traits encode functions that are essential for in vivo survival and chronic biofilm infections and/or bacterial adaptation is considerably achieved independently of transcription levels. Supplemental screens, will have to be applied in order to identify the minimal set of key genes essential for the establishment of chronic infectious diseases. Ex-vivo samples were collected from burn wound, cystic fibrosis patients mucous and mice tumor and stabilized for the RNA extraction. Recovered clinical strains were cultivated in rich medium control conditions untill the early stationary phase and RNA was extracted. The murine tumors were infected with burn wound isolated strains
Project description:Burkholderia cenocepacia sequence type 32 (ST32) represents one of the most globally distributed strains from Bukrholderia cepacia complex (Bcc), which infected 30% of Czech cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. The aim of this study was to compare gene expression in two pairs of ST32 clinical isolates that were subjected to cultivation in two different conditions, characteristic for chronic B. cenocepacia infection in CF patients. ST32 strain is known to be a problematic epidemic strain, which caused a serious outbreak at the Prague CF centre.