Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

59

Changes in gene expression during G-CSF-induced emergency granulopoiesis in humans


ABSTRACT: Emergency granulopoiesis refers to the increased production of neutrophils in bone marrow and their release into circulation induced by severe infection. Several studies point to a critical role for granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) as the main mediator of emergency granulopoiesis. However, the consequences of G-CSF stimulation on the transcriptome of neutrophils and their precursors have not yet been investigated in humans. Here, we examine the changes in mRNA expression induced by administration of G-CSF in vivo, as a model of emergency granulopoiesis in humans. Blood samples were collected from healthy individuals after five days of G-CSF administration. Neutrophil precursors were sorted into discrete stages of maturation by flow cytometry, and RNA was subjected to microarray analysis. mRNA levels were compared to previously published expression levels in corresponding populations of neutrophil precursors isolated from bone marrow of untreated, healthy individuals. 1110 mRNAs were differentially expressed more than 2-fold throughout terminal granulopoiesis. Major changes were seen in pathways involved in apoptosis, cytokine signaling, and Toll-like receptor pathways. In addition, G-CSF treatment reduced the levels of four out of five measured granule proteins in mature neutrophils including the proantibacterial protein hCAP-18, which was completely deficient in neutrophils from G-CSF-treated donors. These results indicate that multiple biological processes are altered in order to satisfy the increased demand for neutrophils during G-CSF-induced emergency granulopoiesis in humans.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Rehannah Borup  

PROVIDER: E-MTAB-4668 | ArrayExpress | 2017-04-04

REPOSITORIES: ArrayExpress

Dataset's files

Source:
Action DRS
E-MTAB-4668.idf.txt Idf
E-MTAB-4668.idf.txt_original Idf
E-MTAB-4668.raw.1.zip Raw
E-MTAB-4668.sdrf.txt Txt
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