Transcription profiling by array of human ovarian granulosa cell tumor and normal granulosa cells
ABSTRACT: RNA was extracted from normal human granulosa cells from IVF patients (hGC1 and hGC2 samples) and from adult-type ovarian granulosa cell tumor samples (H1, H8, H20, H23, H24, H28, H30, H33, H4, H18) as described in Jamieson et al, 2010. RNA from all samples was linearly amplified using the Whole Transcriptome Amplification kit (Sigma), starting from 300ng of RNA, and with 12 amplifications cycles. cDNA was purified on columns and sent to the Nimblegen platform for hybridization and transcriptional profiling. The FOXL2 locus was gentoyped in tumor samples, and all samples were found positive for the recurrent somatic mutation p.Cys134Trp which is present in >95% of adult-type ovarian granulosa cell tumors (Shah et al, 2009).
Ovarian granulosa cell tumors (OGCT) are the most frequent kind of sex cord-stromal tumors, and represent ∼2-5% of all ovarian malignancies. OGCTs exist as two entities, juvenile and adult types, with specific clinical and pathological characteristics. The molecular pathogenesis of these tumors has just begun to be unraveled. Indeed, recent studies have indicated that mutation and/or misregulation of the key ovarian transcription factor FOXL2 has a role in OGCT formation, although the mechanisms ...[more]
Project description:Separate transcription profiling of oocytes and granulosa cells for each follicle stage: primordial (PD), primary (PM), secondary (SC) follicles and the small antral stage (SA) obtained by Laser Capture Microdissection (LCM) and RNAseq. The purpose of this study was to describe global gene expression during early ovarian folliculogenesis for each follicular compartment, to identify differential and specific gene expression between the 2 follicular compartments and during follicular development, to investigate specific function and pathways and to explore bi-directional communication between oocytes and GC.
Project description:We used MethylCap-seq and RRBS to profile methylomes of purified human ovarian granulosa cells. Genomic DNA methylation patterns in ovarian granulosa cells were compared between two groups of women: i) oocyte donors (n=20) who were young (age 26 ± 2.2 years) and had robust response to ovarian stimulation during assisted reproductive technology (ART) (mean number of oocytes retrieved = 25); versus ii) poor responders (n=20) who were older (age 40 ± 2.3 years) and responded poorly to ovarian stimulation during ART (oocytes retrieved ≤4 and peak estradiol level ≤ 1000 pg/ml). The first group served as healthy control. The second group represented the majority of women in their early 40s who have the natural age-related decline of ovarian functions and therefore respond poorly to ovarian stimulation during ART. We compared DNA methylomes in ovarian granulosa cells from oocyte donors versus poor responders using two approaches: MethylCap-seq for broader genomic coverage, and RRBS for absolute quantification. Due to very limited amount of materials available from each poor responder, samples containing equal amounts of granulosa cell DNA were pooled from 10 individuals in each group. A second set of experiments pooling granulosa cell DNA samples from independent donor and poor responder groups (ten individuals each) was then performed. Overall design: mix 10 individuals into one sample; compare samples with age differences
Project description:The Forkhead Box, FOXO1 and FOXO3, transcription factors regulate multiple functions in mammalian cells. Selective inactivation of the Foxo1 and Foxo3 genes in murine ovarian granulosa cells severely impairs follicular development and apoptosis causing infertility, and as shown herein, granulosa cell tumor (GCT) formation. Coordinate depletion of the tumor suppressor Pten gene in the Foxo1/3 strain enhanced the penetrance and onset of GCT formation A direct comparison of ovarian granulosa cells from wild type d25 and FOXO/PTEN knockout granulosa cell tumors.
Project description:This project is a report of a chromosome-based human proteome project focused on chromosome 9 (Chr 9). To reveal missing proteins and undiscovered features in proteomes, LC-MS/MS analysis based identification and characterization were conducted on 5 pairs of lung adenocarcinoma tumors and adjacent non-tumor tissues.
Project description:The granulosa cells in the mammalian ovarian follicle respond to gonadotropin signalling and are involved in the processes of folliculogenesis and oocyte maturation. Studies on gene expression and regulation in human granulosa cells are of interest due to their potential for estimating the oocyte viability and IVF success. The current study determined the mRNA profile by deep sequencing of the two intrafollicular somatic cell types: mural and cumulus granulosa cells isolated from women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization. Paired cumulus and mural granulosa samples were analysed from 3 women participating in IVF procedure. Differential gene expression study was performed. The identified gene expression profile was also used for predicting targets for miRNAs that were also identified from the same samples (GSE46489).
Project description:The granulosa cells in the mammalian ovarian follicle respond to gonadotropin signalling and are involved in the processes of folliculogenesis and oocyte maturation. Studies on gene expression and regulation in human granulosa cells are of interest due to their potential for estimating the oocyte viability and IVF success. However, the post-transcriptional gene expression studies on miRNA level in the human ovary have been scarce. The current study determined the miRNA profile by deep sequencing of the two intrafollicular somatic cell types: mural and cumulus granulosa cells isolated from women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization. Paired cumulus and mural granulosa samples were analysed from 3 women participating in IVF procedure. Libraries of all 6 samples were sequenced twice, generating 2 technical replicates for each sample. Differential gene expression study was performed on the pooled results of technical replicates.
Project description:Comparison of global changes in ovarian transcriptomes uniquely associated with either granulosa cell tumors or luteomas, and identification of new markers for this tumor phenotype. Luteinizing hormone hypersecreting mice studied. Keywords: other
Project description:Polycystic ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder that shows evidence of genetic predidposition among affected individuals. We have utilized the Microarray data from granulosa cells of normal and PCOS women for network construction. Human granulosa cells were isolated from ovarian aspirates from normal and PCOS women undergoing IVF and for each sample, RNA was extracted and hybridized to an Affymetrix GeneChip.