Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

61

Transcriptome profiling of dedifferentiating smooth muscle cells from mouse aorta and bladder


ABSTRACT: Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are important in a number of physiological systems and organs, including the cardiovascular system. The hallmark property of differentiated SMCs is the ability to contract, but contractile SMCs themselves show a range of phenotypes allowing prolonged tonic contraction in vascular smooth muscle or rapid phasic contraction in tissues such as bladder. Another distinctive characteristic, in contrast with terminally differentiated striated muscle cells, is that SMCs exhibit phenotypic plasticity. Vascular SMCs are able to modulate their phenotype along a continuum between a contractile phenotype, characteristic of healthy blood vessels, and a more proliferative “synthetic” phenotype, so-named for the enhanced synthesis and secretion of extracellular matrix components. Synthetic phenotype cells are found in a number of pathological situations such as atherosclerosis and arterial injury. We used mouse exon-junction (MJAY) arrays to gain insights into both the global contribution of alternative splicing events in re-shaping the transcriptome of dedifferentiating mouse aorta and bladder SMCs, and into the underlying regulatory mechanisms of the alternative splicing program. Affymetrix splice junction arrays (MJAY) were used to profile changes in both alternative splicing and transcript levels during the phenotypic modulation of smooth muscle cells when placed in culture. RNA extracted from intact aorta and bladder smooth muscle tissue was used for differentiated samples. For dedifferentiated, proliferative samples smooth muscle cells were enzymatically dispersed and grown in tissue culture for a week. Triplicate RNA samples were prepared from smooth muscle tissue of mouse aorta and bladder (differentiated) and from smooth muscle cells from each tissue cultured for 7 days (proliferative). The samples allowed comparison of alternative splicing (and other transcriptome) changes between differentiated and proliferative smooth muscle cell samples from two distinct types of smooth muscle cell, as well as allowing direct comparison of aorta (tonic smooth muscle) and bladder (phasic smooth muscle).

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Chris Smith  

PROVIDER: E-MTAB-4841 | ArrayExpress | 2016-07-01

REPOSITORIES: ArrayExpress

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Publications

The alternative splicing program of differentiated smooth muscle cells involves concerted non-productive splicing of post-transcriptional regulators.

Llorian Miriam M   Gooding Clare C   Bellora Nicolas N   Hallegger Martina M   Buckroyd Adrian A   Wang Xiao X   Rajgor Dipen D   Kayikci Melis M   Feltham Jack J   Ule Jernej J   Eyras Eduardo E   Smith Christopher W J CW  

Nucleic acids research 20160617 18


Alternative splicing (AS) is a key component of gene expression programs that drive cellular differentiation. Smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are important in the function of a number of physiological systems; however, investigation of SMC AS has been restricted to a handful of events. We profiled transcriptome changes in mouse de-differentiating SMCs and observed changes in hundreds of AS events. Exons included in differentiated cells were characterized by particularly weak splice sites and by upstr  ...[more]

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