Project description:QuantSeq-Rev method to generate highly strand-specific next-generation sequencing (NGS) libraries enabling transcript quantification and identification of the 3'end of polyadenylated RNAs
Project description:Here we show that by simple modulation of extrinsic signaling pathways, a new class of pluripotent stem cells, referred to as region selective epiblast stem cells (rsEpiSCs), could be efficiently derived from different stages of the early embryo. rsEpiSCs share features of primed pluripotency yet are distinct from EpiSCs in their molecular characteristics and ability to colonize post-implantation embryos. We performed RNA-sequencing experiments and examined the global gene expression profiles of EpiSCs, rsEpiSCs, in vivo isolated four regions of E6.5 mouse epiblasts: AP (anterior-proximal), AD (anterior-distal), PP (posterior-proximal) and PD (posterior-distal), human H1 ESCs, H1 rsESCs, H9 ESCs, H9 rsESCs, rhesus monkey ORMES23 rsESCs, and chimpanzee rsiPSCs. Examination of global gene expression profiles in 2 pluripotent stem cell types across multiple species.
Project description:Emergence of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) technology has paved novel routes for regenerative medicine. iPSCs offer the possibilities of disease modeling, drug toxicity studies as well as cell replacement therapies by autologous transplantation. Classical protocols of iPSC generation harness infection by retro- or lenti-viruses. Although such integrating viruses represent very robust tools for reprogramming, the presence of viral transgenes in iPSCs is deleterious as it holds the risk of insertional mutagenesis leading to malignant transformation. Moreover, remaining reprogramming transgenes have been shown to affect the differentiation potential of iPSCs. More recently, alternative protocols have been explored to derive transgene-free iPSC, including use of transposons, mRNA transfection, episomal plasmid transfection, and infection with non-integrating viruses such as Sendai virus. However, the utility of such protocols remains limited due to low efficiency and narrow range of cell specificity. In this study we aim at combining the robustness of lentiviral reprogramming with the high efficacy of Cre recombinase protein transduction to readily delete reprogramming transgenes from iPSCs. We demonstrate rapid generation of transgene-free human iPSCs by excising the loxP-flanked reprogramming cassette employing direct delivery of biologically active Cre protein. By genome-wide analysis and targeted differentiation towards the cardiomyocyte lineage, we show that transgene-free iPSCs do resemble more to human ESCs and has better differentiation potential than iPSCs before Cre transduction. Our study provides a simple, rapid and robust protocol for the generation of superior transgene-free iPSCs suitable for disease modeling, tissue engineering and cell replacement therapies. mRNA extracted from human Fibroblasts (AR1034ZIMA), human Embryonic Stem Cell line I3 (hES I3), three human induced Pluripotent Stem Cell clones 1, 1.2 and 1.4 (fl-ARiPS cl1, del-ARiPS cl 1.2, del-ARiPS cl1.4) has been hybridized on Illumina Human HT-12 (version 4 revision 2) arrays for genome wide expression analysis. Samples were run at least as duplicate technical replicates. Differential gene expression analysis has been performed on the grouped expression data with the human embryonic stem cells (hES I3) group as the reference.
Project description:Detailed knowledge of cell surface proteins for isolating well-defined populations of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) would significantly enhance their characterization and translational potential. Normal H9 human embryonic stem cells and the KB3 human induced pluripotent stem cell lines were analyzed by Cell Surface Capture Technology, and in parallel transcript profiles from five independent samples (i.e., Replicas 1-5 for each) were performed to facilitate protein and transcriptomic comparisons. The study compared gene expression profiles of pluripotent stem cells with Cell Surface Capture technology generated N-glycoprotein surfaceome analyses of the same cell types.
Project description:Retinal Pigment Epithelial (RPE) cells are located behind the retina and are critical for photoreceptor survival. Loss of RPE is associated with several pathogenic conditions such as Age Related Macular Degeneration and Retinitis Pigmentosa. RPE derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESC) offer a potential source for producing these cells for therapy. Here we report the molecular and cellular characterization of RPE differentiated from hESC. hESC derived RPE are capable of proliferation and lose their epithelial characteristics before becoming confluent and re-differentiating back into their typical pigmented, cobblestoned appearance. During the proliferative phase, they adopt a mesenchymal morphology and express mesenchymal markers. Our results demonstrate that this apparent Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition is not regulated by the classical EMT transcription factors SNAIL and SLUG. Furthermore, it is possible to regulate RPE de-differentiation and re-differentiation by modulating the Wnt and BMP pathway respectively. These findings further our understanding of the genesis and expansion of RPE which is essential for their therapeutic use.
Project description:Transcriptional analysis was performed on pre and post excision human induced pluripotent stem cells, the donor human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) they were derived from and control human embryonic stem cells We isolated total RNA from pre and post excision human induced pluripotent stem cells, the donor human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) they were derived from and control human embryonic stem cells and analyzed via Affymetrix microarray analysis.