Project description:The aim of this work was to elucidate the role of LKB1/STK11 and PARD3 in glioblastoma multiforme cells. For this we silenced the expression of these proteins using specific siRNA in two different patient-derived glioblastoma stem cells, U3031MG and U3034MG, then we analysed how the knock-down of these genes affects gene expression using Ion torrent AmpliseqTM.
Project description:The aim of this work was to elucidate the role of the transcription factor CXXC5 in glioblastoma and study its involvement in the regulation of TGFβ and BMP target genes in this context. To this end we used the patient derived glioblastoma stem cells U3034MG that were either transfected with siRNA targeting CXXC5 or with a non-targeting pool (as control) followed by stimulation with either 5ng/ml TGFβ or 30ng/ml BMP7 for 24 h. Then we analysed how silencing CXXC5 affects the expression of TGFβ and/or BMP7 target genes using Ion torrent AmpliseqTM.
Project description:Estrogens receptor a (ERα) is essential for breast tumors,since about seventy percent of breast cancers are detected as ERα positive.Recent studies suggest that ERα is related with the epithelial cell morphology. Recently, it has demonstrated that the suppression of ERα induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the MCF-7 breast cacner cells. Interestingly, the loss of ERa resulted in strong differences on the gene expression profile of a variety of genes. Therefore, the aim of the RNA-seq is to elucidate the effect of the silencing of ERα on the mRNA levels of a larger variety of genes, thus revealing possible target genes which may be implicated on the aggressive phenotype and behavior of the ERα-suppresed MCF-7/SP10+ breast cancer cells. For this reason total RNA from both MCF-7/SP10+ cells and of their internal control MCF-7/C cells was extracted in 3 biological replicates and 3 technical replicates.
Project description:TGFB2-AS1 is a long non-coding RNA which is induced by ΤGFβ signaling. In order to assess the importance of TGFB2-AS1 on the regulation of gene expression, we performed an AmpliSeq transcriptomic array in human keratinocytes (HaCaT), which stably over-express TGFB2-AS1 or control pcDNA3 empty vector. In addition, cells were stimulated with TGFβ1 for 24 hours, in order to observe the effects of TGFB2-AS1 on gene expression, downstream of TGFβ signaling. RNA from the following four conditions was used in this experiment: 1) pcDNA3, 2) pcDNA3+TGFβ1, 3) pcDNA3-TGFB2-AS1, 4) pcDNA3-TGFB2-AS1+TGFβ1. Biological triplicates were used per condition.
Project description:Human umbilical cord matrix-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (UCM-MSC) are advantageous since can be easily obtained and display special interest as universal and feasible add-on therapy for myocardial infarction (MI). In this study, UCM-MSC from two umbilical cords, UC-A and UC-B, were transplanted in a murine MI model to investigate consistency and durability of the therapeutic benefits. Both cellular products supported sustained and long-term beneficial therapeutic effect. In vitro, the two cell products displayed similar ability to induce the formation of vessel-like structures and comparable transcriptome in normoxia and hypoxia, apart from expression differences in a small subset of genes associated with MHC Class I. These findings support that UCM-MSC are strong candidates to assist the treatment of MI whilst calling for the discussion on methodologies to characterize and select best performing UCM-MSC before clinical application.
Project description:Analysis of CGTH-W-1 follicular thyroid carcinoma cells transcriptome following 48 hrs siRNA-mediated depletion of PROX1. PROX1 is a homeobox transcription factor. PROX1 depletion decreases migratory ability, motility and invasivness and induces profound cytoskeleton changes of CGTH-W-1 cells. Results provide insight into the role of PROX1 in the thyroid cancer. Three biological replicates for a given condition
Project description:Chromosomal instability (CIN) refers to the rate at which cells are unable to properly segregate whole chromosomes, leading to aneuploidy. Using young to old-aged human dermal fibroblasts, we observed a dysfunction of the mitotic machinery arising with age that mildly perturbs chromosome segregation fidelity and contributes to the generation of fully senescent cells. Here, we found that elderly cells have an increased number of stable kinetochore-microtubule (k-MT) attachments and decreased efficiency in the correction of improper k-MT interactions. Importantly, chromosome mis-segregation rates in old-aged cells decreased upon both genetic and small molecule enhancement of MT-depolymerizing kinesin-13 activity. Notably, restored chromosome segregation accuracy inhibited the phenotypes of cellular senescence.
Project description:miRNAs has an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. we aimed to profile dysregulation of miRNAs in ALS blood and neuromuscular junction as well as healthy blood control by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). The expression of three up-regulated miRNAs, as miR-338-3p, miR-223-3p and miR-326, in the ALS samples compared to healthy controls, has been validated by qRT-PCR in a cohort of 45 samples collected previously. Bioinformatics tools were used to perform ALS microRNAs target analysis and to predict novel miRNAs secondary structure. The analysis of the NGS data identified 696 and 44 novel miRNAs which were differentially expressed in ALS tissues.
Project description:Samples-WT Basal condition primary cortex cells; WT B27 Starved-Primary cortex cells starved overnight without B27 supplement media. WT AA Starved-Primary cortex cell starved without amino acid for 2 hours. WT AA Refed-Primary cortex cell refed for 1 hour after amino acid starvation. KO Basal-SLC38 Knockout Primary cortex cells starved overnight without B27 supplement media. KO B27 Starved-SLC38 Knockout Primary cortex cell starved without amino acid for 2 hours. KO AA starved-SLC38 Knockout Primary cortex cell refed for 1 hour after amino acid starvation. KO AA Refed-SLC38 Knockout Primary cortex cell refed for 1 hour after amino acid starvation.