RNA-Seq of Brachypodium distachyon callus treated with methyl-jasmonate
ABSTRACT: The aim was to determine the changes in cell wall composition and transcriptome changes following treatment with the stress hormone precursor methyl jasmonate (MeJA) in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon. The correlation between transcript changes and cell wall composition changes allowed identification of candidate genes responsible for grass-specific features of the cell wall that are specifically changed in response to MeJA.
Project description:Transcriptome analysis of two independent transgenic lines expressing a construct designed to suppress BdBAHD01. Analysis is intended to quantify suppression, check for off-target effects and look for pleiotropic effects.
Project description:TGFB2-AS1 is a long non-coding RNA which is induced by ΤGFβ signaling. In order to assess the importance of TGFB2-AS1 on the regulation of gene expression, we performed an AmpliSeq transcriptomic array in human keratinocytes (HaCaT), which stably over-express TGFB2-AS1 or control pcDNA3 empty vector. In addition, cells were stimulated with TGFβ1 for 24 hours, in order to observe the effects of TGFB2-AS1 on gene expression, downstream of TGFβ signaling. RNA from the following four conditions was used in this experiment: 1) pcDNA3, 2) pcDNA3+TGFβ1, 3) pcDNA3-TGFB2-AS1, 4) pcDNA3-TGFB2-AS1+TGFβ1. Biological triplicates were used per condition.
Project description:TTF-1/NKX2-1 was expressed by adenoviral vector and changes in gene expression were determined by RNA-sequencing. A549 cells were infected with Ad-TTF-1 or Ad-LacZ vectors and stimulated with TGF-beta for 24 hours or left untreated. Expression of polyA RNA was determined.
Project description:We identified RNA binding motif protein 47 (RBM47) as a target gene of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in mammary gland epithelial cells (NMuMG cells) that have undergone the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). TGF-beta repressed RBM47 expression in NMuMG cells and lung cancer cell lines. Expression of RBM47 correlated with good prognosis in patients with lung, breast, and gastric cancer. RBM47 suppressed the expression of cell metabolism-related genes, which were the direct targets of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2; also known as NFE2L2). RBM47 bound to KEAP1 and Cullin3 mRNAs, and knockdown of RBM47 inhibited their protein expression, which led to enhanced binding of Nrf2 to target genomic regions. Knockdown of RBM47 also enhanced the expression of some Nrf2 activators, p21/CDKN1A and MafK induced by TGF-beta. Both mitochondrial respiration rates and the side population cells in lung cancer cells increased in the absence of RBM47. Our findings, together with the enhanced tumor formation and metastasis of xenografted mice by knockdown of the RBM47 expression, suggested tumor suppressive roles for RBM47 through the inhibition of Nrf2 activity. Effect of shRNA for RBM47 and TGF-beta on gene expression was evaluated by RNA-seq and RBM47-bound RNAs were identified by RIP-seq in A549 cells.
Project description:Tumor-specific alternative splicing is implicated in the progression of cancer, including clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). Using ccRCC RNA-sequencing data from The Cancer Genome Atlas, we found that epithelial splicing regulatory protein 2 (ESRP2), one of the key regulators of alternative splicing in epithelial cells, is expressed in ccRCC. ESRP2 mRNA expression did not correlate with the overall survival rate of ccRCC patients, but the expression of some ESRP-target exons correlated with the good prognosis and with the expression of Arkadia (also known as RNF111) in ccRCC. Arkadia physically interacted with ESRP2, induced polyubiquitination, and modulated its splicing function. Arkadia and ESRP2 suppressed ccRCC tumor growth in a coordinated manner. Lower expression of Arkadia correlated with advanced tumor stages and poor outcomes in ccRCC patients. This study thus reveals a novel tumor-suppressive role of the Arkadia-ESRP2 axis in ccRCC. Expression of mRNA in a ccRCC cell line OS-RC-2 under the knockdown of Arkadia or ESRP2. Knock-down of ESRP2 was confirmed by RT-PCR because of low expression of ESRP2 which resulted in non-quantitative FPKM value.
Project description:Purpose: The goals of this study are to determine the effect of microRNA-17 overexpression on 20,803 human genes in RASFs using Ion ProtonTM System platform. Human RASFs from two RA patients were transfected with pre-miR-17 or NC-pre-miR for 48 h and total RNA was prepared using miRNeasy kit (Qiagen). Total RNA integrity was checked using an Agilent Technologies 2100 Bio analyzer (Santa Clara, CA). 10 ng of high quality RNA was used to make cDNA for amplification with the Ion AmpliSeq Transcriptome Human Gene Expression kit (ThermoFisher Scientific). The cDNA was subjected to 12 cycles of amplification with panel primers and barcoded with adapters as recommended. Resulting sequencing libraries were quantified by qPCR using SYBR FAST master mix from KapaBiosystems (Wilmington, MA). Sets of eight libraries were balanced, pooled and sequencing beads produced on an Ion Chef. Sequencing was performed on an Ion P1 semi-conductor sequencing chip using an Ion Proton™ System (ThermoFisher Scientific, Grand Island, NY). Data was collected and primary analysis performed using Torrent Suite software version 5.0.3. Reads were mapped to the panel and expression values determined. R Software version R-3.2.3 was used to generate heatmap. Among the panel of 20,803 genes, the expression of 15,067 genes as shown in the representative heat map was observed in pre-miR-17 and NC-pre-miR transfected RASFs. A total of 664 significantly modulated genes (301 upregulated and 363 downregulated) using Student ‘t’ test were further utilized for the IPA analysis. The result of IPA predicted the protein ubiquitin pathway as a major canonical pathway affected by the differentially regulated genes. Interestingly, IPA analysis generated an interactome that showed connectivity among various ubiquitin ligases, NF-ԟB family, AP-1/cJun, 20S and 26S proteasome system. Conclusion: Our results clearly shows the major pathways affected by miR-17 overexpression in RASFs were Protein ubiquitination related. mRNA profiles of pre-miR-17 and NC-pre-miR transfected RASFs were generated by AmpliSeq, in duplicate, using Ion Proton™ System.
Project description:R. conorii (pathogenic) and R. montanensis (non-pathogenic) display opposite survival versus death phenotypes in macrophage-like cells, respectively. We herein employed a global transcriptomic profiling of host responses to infection (1hpi) of human THP-1 macrophages with R. conorii and R. montanensis. Shortly, total RNA was harvested from uninfected, R. conorii- and R. montanensis-infected THP-1 macrophages, DNA was removed from RNA purification (DNAse treatment), ribosomal RNA was depleted and cDNA libraries were constructed. The samples were sequenced using an Ion Proton V2 chip on Ion Chef Instrument. The programmes Cufflinks and Cuffmerge were used to map transcripts and calculate gene expression, and Cuffdiff was used to calculate which samples had genes, which were statistically significantly differentially expressed between conditions.