Gene network analysis of interstitial macrophages after treatment with induced pluripotent stem cells secretome (iPSC-cm) in the bleomycin injured rat lung
ABSTRACT: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a complex disease involving various cell types. Macrophages are essential in maintenance of physiological homeostasis, wound repair and fibrosis in the lung. Macrophages play a crucial role in repair and remodeling by altering their phenotype and secretory pattern in response to injury. The secretome of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC-cm) attenuates injury and fibrosis in bleomycin injured rat lungs. In the current study, we evaluate the effect of iPSC-cm on interstitial macrophage gene expression and phenotype in bleomycin injured rat lungs in vivo. iPSC-cm was intratracheally instilled 7 days after bleomycin induced lung injury and assessed 7 days later and single cell isolation was performed. Macrophages were FACS sorted and microarray analysis was performed. We characterized changes in the rat lung interstitial macrophages using transcriptional profiling.
Project description:We purposed to examine the effect of PGF receptor FP in development of ; bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in mice. We performed gene ; expression analysis in the lung of WT and FP-KO mice on Days 0, 7 and ; 14. We found out that fibrosis-related genes such as various isoforms ; of collagen, which were induced on Day 7 and continued to increase or ; remained unchanged on Day 14, were induced to less extent in FP-KO ; mice. In contrast, expression of inflammation-related genes peaked on ; Day 7 similarly in WT and FP-KO mice. These results suggest that FP ; functions in fibrosis-phase, not in peak inflammation phase, and ; facilitates fibrogenesis by enhancing expression of fibrosis-related ; genes. Experiment Overall Design: RNA was prepared from the lung of WT and FP-KO mice on Day 0, 7 and 14 Experiment Overall Design: (n=4-5 for each group at each time point) after bleomycin instillation, Experiment Overall Design: and used for hybridization with Affymetrics mouse 430 2.0 microarrays. Experiment Overall Design: Time-dependent changes in expression of genes in FP-KO mice were Experiment Overall Design: compared with those in WT mice.
Project description:Collagen deposition is a key process during idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF); however, little is known about the dynamics of collagen formation during disease development. Tissue samples of early stages of human disease are not readily available and it is difficult to identify changes in collagen content, since standard collagen analysis does not distinguish between 'old' and 'new' collagen. Therefore, the current study aimed to (i) investigate the dynamics of new collagen formation in mice using bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis in which newly synthesized collagen was labelled with deuterated water and (ii) use this information to identify genes and processes correlated to new collagen formation from gene expression analysis. Lung fibrosis was induced in female C57BL/6 mice by bleomycin instillation and sacrificed. Animals were sacrificed at 1 to 5 weeks after fibrosis induction. Collagen synthesized during the week before sacrifice was labelled with deuterium by providing mice with deuterated drinking water. After sacrifice, lung tissue was collected for microarray analysis, determination of new collagen formation, and histology. Deuterated water labelling showed a strong increase in new collagen formation already during the first week after fibrosis induction and a complete return to baseline at five weeks. Correlation of new collagen formation data with gene expression data revealed fibrosis specific processes, of which proliferation was an unexpected one. This was confirmed by measuring cell proliferation and collagen synthesis simultaneously using deuterated water incorporation. Furthermore, new collagen formation strongly correlated with gene expression of e.g. elastin, tenascin C, MMP-14, lysyl oxidase, and type V collagen. These data demonstrate, using a novel combination of technologies, that proliferation and extracellular matrix production are correlated to the core process of fibrosis, i.e. the formation of new collagen. In addition, it identified genes directly correlated to fibrosis, thus providing more insight into the aetiology of IPF. Total RNA was obtained from mouse lungs at timepoint 0 as a control (n = 7) or timepoints 1 (n = 7), 2 (n = 6), 3 (n = 6), 4 (n = 6) or 5 (n = 6) weeks after bleomycin-instillation to induce lung fibrosis.
Project description:We hypothesized that gene expression in lungs of Fra-1+/+ and Fra-1-/- mice are divergent thus contributing fibrosis. More specifically, Fra-1-/- mice are increased susceptible to fibrosis. In order to test these hypotheses at the gene expression level, we utilized microarray analysis to examine transcriptional differences between Fra-1+/+ and Fra-1-/- mice at early time point. This study utilizes microarray analysis to test these hypotheses. 5 days PBS and bleomycin treated lung samples from both Fra-1+/+ and Fra-1-/- mice were used. RNA was isolated and used for global gene expression profiling (Affymetrix MoGene 1.0ST v1 Array). The raw probe signal intensities were quantile normalized over all samples, summarized with the robust multi-array average (RMA) algorithm and log2 transformed with a median polish, using the Affymetrix Power Tools. We considered a transcript cluster (gene-level) to be reliably expressed in a sample if the Affymetrix implemented DABG (detection above ground) p-value was less than 0.05. We used local-pooled-error (LPE) estimates and robust statistical tests for evaluating significance of each gene's differential expression in a comparison.
Project description:The molecular mechanisms of lung injury and fibrosis are incompletely understood. microRNAs (miRNAs) are crucial biological regulators by suppression of their target genes and are involved in a variety of pathophysiologic processes. To gain insight into miRNAs in the regulation of lung fibrosis, total RNA was isolated from lung samples harvested at different days after bleomycin treatment, and miRNA array was performed thereafter. miRNAs expressed in lungs with bleomycin treatment at different time points were compared to miRNAs expressed in lungs without bleomycin treatment, resulting in 161 miRNAs differentially expressed. Furthermore, miRNA expression patterns regulated in initial and late periods after bleomycin were identified. Target genes were predicted in silico for differentially expressed miRNAs, including miR-7f, miR-7g, miR-196b, miR-16, miR-195, miR-25, miR-144, miR-351, miR-34a, miR-499, miR-704, miR-717, miR-10a, miR-211, miR-34a, miR-367 and miR-21, and then cross-referenced to molecular pathways including apoptosis, Wnt, Toll-like receptor, and TGF-β signaling, which are involved in different pathological phenotypes such as apoptosis, inflammation, and fibrosis. Our study demonstrated relative abundance of miRNA levels in bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. The miRNAs and their potential target genes identified herein contribute to the understanding of the complex transcriptional program of lung fibrosis. Under anesthesia, 2.5 U/kg bleomycin dissolved in sterile PBS was administered via trachea as previously described. Lung tissues were harvested at the time point of day 0, 3, 7, 14, and 21 post bleomycin challenges. 3 sample in specific time point, except for day 14 where nday14 = 2.
Project description:Fibrosis is a leading cause of deaths in industrialized countries and has no effective therapy. We demonstrated that blockade of OX40L prevented inflammation-driven fibrosis affecting the skin and the lungs and promotes regression of established dermal fibrosis in different murine models. To characterize the pathways involved in the protection of skin fibrosis and affected by OX40L blocking, we used microarrays and identified distinct genes differentially expressed between ox40l+/+ and ox40l-/- in the bleomycin-induced dermal fibrosis mouse model. Total RNA were extracted from lesional skin samples of 3 ox40l+/+ and 4 ox40l-/- male mice aged 9 weeks treated with bleomycin for 3 weeks, and were hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Genomic profiling of bleomycin- and saline-treated mice across 7 timepoints (1, 2, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 days post treatment) was carried out in C57BL6/J mice to determine the phases of response to bleomycin treatment which correspond to onset of active pulmonary fibrosis. Temporal genomic characterization of lung homogenate from male C57BL6/J mice treated intratracheally with bleomycin or saline was carried out at 7 timepoints post treatment (1, 2, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35 days). Bleomycin (2U/kg) in 50 μl was intratracheally sprayed once into mice lightly anaesthetized with isoflurane (5% in 100% O2). Control animals received 50 μl of saline. Total RNA was isolated from the mouse lung tissue of bleomycin- and saline-treated mice across the 7 time points (n=8 per group) and homogenized in QIAzol reagent. Purified total RNA was amplified and labeled using NuGen Ovation kits (NuGEN Technologies, Inc., San Carlos, CA), and RNA from samples was hybridized to Affymetrix Mouse 430 2.0 arrays. One sample (saline treated, d14) was flagged as an outlier in principal component analysis and removed from subsequent analysis.
Project description:We have employed whole genome microarray expression profiling as a discovery platform to identify genes with the potential to distinguish Mmp19 regulation of fibroblast phenotype changes in mouse lungs. Pulmonary fibrosis was induced by bleomycin at 0.08 u in 50ul of saline. At 21st day the mice were sacrificed and mouse lung fibroblasts were isolated and cultured in FBM plus additives following Lonza's portocol. RNA was extracted with miRNA mini kit from Qiagen. Gene expression microarray was performed with Agilent. A 834-gene consensus signature was identified that distinguished between Mmp19 knockout mice from wildtype. Some gene expression in the same RNA samples were validtaed by real-time PCR. The established bleomycin induced fibrosis was used in this experiment. At day 21 the fibrosis would be the situation of stable fibrosis. We administrated 0.08u of bleomycin intratracheally into wildtype and Mmp19 knockout mice, sacrificed the mice at 21st day and isolated the lung fibroblasts and culturing. Five independent experiments were performed and 3 for gene expression experiment.
Project description:We conducted fibroblast-specific transcriptome analysis by next generation sequencing in order to investigate qualitative change and activation signatures of lung fibroblasts in bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Lung fibroblasts were identified by using reporter mice of collagen-α2(I), in which collagen I-producing fibroblasts were labeled with EGFP. Lungs were dissociated with protease sollution, and single cell suspension were stained with lineage markers (Ter119, CD45, CD31, EpCAM). Lineage- GFP+ cells were sorted out and mRNA was collected. Using serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) method, we identified 2,973,937 SAGE tags (1,080,798 tags from saline-treated GFP+ fibroblasts and 1,893,139 tags from bleomycin-treated GFP+ fibroblasts). We found that genes related to extracellular matrix construction were highly up-regulated in fibroblasts from belomycin-treated lungs. Moreover, an analysis of mRNA profiles revealed biological functions such as proliferation, invasion, adhesion, and migration were promoted in fibroblasts from bleomycin-treated lung, which recapitulated the role of fibroblasts in the fibrogenesis. These fibroblast-specific gene expression profiles will be important notions in future fibrosis studies. mRNA profiles of Lung fibroblasts from 3 mice at day 14 after saline or bleomycin treatment.
Project description:To study the possible fibrotic role of FIZZ2, bleomycin was used to induce pulmonary fibrosis in wild type and FIZZZ2 knockout mice, lungs were then harvested and processed for RNA isolation. We used microarrays to detail the global gene expression regulated by FIZZ2 during fibrotic process. Bleomycin/saline treated wild type or FIZZ2 knockout lungs at day 21 post injection were harvested for RNA isolation and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays
Project description:Wildtype mice were given saline or bleomycin by oropharyngeal instillation. After 14 days, during the fibrotic phase of the response, lungs were dissected and total RNA was extracted and used for gene expression profiling. The aim was to identify those genes regulated during the development of fibrosis in this animal model of bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. Wildtype male C57Bl/6J mice (8-10 weeks old) were used in the study, with three mice per group. Bleomycin (1mg/kg body weight in 50μl of saline) or saline was administered by oropharyngeal installation as described previously by Lakatos et al, Exp Cell Res, 2006, under light halothane-induced anaesthesia. After 14 days, lungs were removed, blotted dry and the trachea and major airways were excised before the separated lobes were snap frozen in liquid nitrogen. Lungs were then pulverized under liquid nitrogen, and the resulting lung powder was used for total RNA extraction using Trizol. Following DNase-treatment, clean-up, cDNA synthesis and cRNA synthesis, samples were hybridized to Affymetrix MOE430A genechips using standard protocols. The data were analyzed using RMA with quantiles normalization.